1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Vol 8/Table of contributors

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 8
- Vol 8 Table of contributors

A. Ca. Arthur Cayley, LL.D., F.R.S.
See the biographical article: Cayley, Arthur
A. E. G.* Rev. Alfred Ernest Garvie, M.A., D.D.,
Principal of New College, Hampstead. Member of the Board of Theology and Board of Philosophy, London University. Formerly Professor of Philosophy, Theism, Comparative Religion, and Christian Ethics in Hackney and New Colleges, London. Author of Studies in the Inner Life of Jesus; The Christian Certainty; &c.
A. E. S. Arthur Everett Shipley, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S., F.Z.S., F.L.S.
Fellow, Tutor and Lecturer of Christ's College, Cambridge. University Reader in Zoology. President of the Association of Economic Biologists. Formerly University Lecturer on the Advanced Morphology of the Invertebrata. Author of Zoology of the Invertebrata. Editor of the Pitt Press Natural Science Manuals; &c.
A. Fi. Pierre Marie Auguste Filon.
See the biographical article: Filon, P. M. A.
Drama: French (in part).
A. F. P. Albert Frederick Pollard, M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc.
Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford, Professor of English History in the University of London. Assistant Editor of the Dictionary of National Biography, 1893–1901. Author of England under the Protector Somerset; Life of Thomas Cranmer; &c.
Edward VI.
A. G. Major Arthur George Frederick Griffiths (d. 1908).
H.M. Inspector of Prisons, 1878–1896. Author of The Chronicles of Newgate; Secrets of the Prison House; &c.
A. G. D. Arthur George Doughty, C.M.G., M.A., Litt.D., F.R.Hist.S.
Dominion Archivist of Canada. Member of the Geographical Board of Canada. Author of The Cradle of New France; &c. Joint Editor of Documents relating to the Constitutional History of Canada.
A. H. J. G. Abel Hendy Jones Greenidge, M.A., D.Litt. (d. 1905).
Formerly Fellow and Lecturer of Hertford College, Oxford, and of St John's College, Oxford. Author of Infamia in Roman Law; Handbook of Greek Constitutional History; Roman Public Life; History of Rome. Joint Editor of Sources of Roman History, 133–70 B.C.
A. H. S. Rev. Archibald Henry Sayce, D.Litt., L.L.D., D.D.
See the biographical article: Sayce, A. H.
A. J. L. Andrew Jackson Lamoureux.
Librarian, College of Agriculture, Cornell University. Formerly Editor of the Rio News, Rio de Janeiro.
Ecuador (in part).
A. J. P. Alexander J. Philip.
Borough Librarian of Gravesend.
A. L. G. Andrew Lockhart Gillespie, M.D., F.R.S. (Edin) (d. 1904).
Formerly Lecturer on Modern Gastric Methods, Edinburgh Post-Graduate School. Author of Manual of Modern Gastric Methods; &c.
Digestive organs: Pathology     (in part).
A. Mw. Allen Mawer, M.A.
Professor of English Language and Literature, Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. Formerly Lecturer in English at the University of Sheffield.
Denmark: Ancient History; Edgar, King;
Edmund, King of East Anglia
; Edmund I.; Edred;
Edward (the Elder)
Edward (the Martyr)
A. M. C. Agnes Mary Clerke.
See the biographical article: Clerke, A. M.
Dick, Thomas; Donati.
A. N. Alfred Newton, F.R.S.
See the biographical article: Newton, Alfred.
Diver; Dodo (in part);
; Duck; Eagle.
A. R. C. Alexander Ross Clarke, C.B., F.R.S.
Colonel, R.E. Royal Medal of Royal Society, 1887. In charge of Trigonometrical Operations of the Ordnance Survey, 1854–1881.
Earth, Figure of the (in part).
A. S. Wo. Arthur Smith Woodward, LL.D., F.R.S.
Keeper of Geology, Natural History Museum, South Kensington. Secretary of the Geological Society, London.
A. Wa. Arthur Waugh, M.A.
New College, Oxford. Newdigate Prize, 1888. Managing Director of Chapman & Hall, Ltd. Author of Gordon in Africa; Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Editor of Johnson's Lives of the Poets; editions of Dickens, Tennyson, Arnold, Lamb; &c.
De Tabley.
A. W. H.* Arthur William Holland.
Formerly Scholar of St John's College, Oxford. Bacon Scholar of Gray's Inn, 1900.
Derby, Earls of (in part).
A. W. R. Alexander Wood Renton, M.A., LL.B.
Puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Ceylon. Editor of Encyclopaedia of the Laws of England.
A. W. W. Adolphus William Ward, LL.D., D.LITT.
See the biographical article: Ward, A. W.
C. A. G. Christian Carl August Gosch, M.Sc.
Commander of the Danebrog. Knight of St Anna. Formerly Attaché to the Danish Legation, London. Author of Denmark and Germany since 1815.
Denmark: Geography and   Statistics (in part).
C. Ch. Charles Chree, M.A., LL.D., D.Sc., F.R.S.
Superintendent, Kew Observatory. Formerly Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. President of Physical Society of London. Watt Medallist, Institute of Civil Engineers, 1905.
Earth Currents.
C. C. H. Charles Caesar Hawkins, M.A., M.I.E.E.
Author of The Dynamo.
C. E.* Charles Everitt, M.A., F.C.S., F.G.S., F.R.A.S.
Sometime Scholar of Magdalen College, Oxford.
Density; Distillation.
C. F. A. Charles Francis Atkinson.
Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Captain, 1st City of London (Royal Fusiliers). Author of The Wilderness and Cold Harbour.
Dutch Wars: Military.
C. H. Rd. Charles Hercules Read, LL.D.
Keeper of British and Medieval Antiquities, British Museum. President of the Society of Antiquaries of London. Author of Antiquities from Benin; &c.
Drinking Vessels.
C. H. T. Crawford Howell Toy, A.M., LL.D.
See the biographical article: Toy, Crawford Howell.
C. L. K. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford, M.A., F.R.Hist.S., F.S.A.
Assistant Secretary, Board of Education. Author of Life of Henry V. Editor of Chronicles of London and Stow's Survey of London.
Derby, 1st Earl of;
Edward IV
C. Pf. Christian Pfister, D. ès L.
Professor at the Sorbonne, Paris. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Author of Étude sur le règne de Robert le Pieux; Le duché merovingien d’Alsace et la legende de Sainte-Odile.
C. R. B. Charles Raymond Beazley, M.A., D.Litt., F.R.G.S., F.R.Hist.S.
Professor of Modern History in the University of Birmingham. Formerly Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, and University Lecturer in the History of Geography. Lothian Prizeman, Oxford, 1889. Lowell Lecturer, Boston, 1908. Author of Henry the Navigator; The Dawn of Modern Geography ; &c.
Diaz de Novaes;
C. S. P.* Rev. Charles Stanley Phillips.
King's College, Cambridge. Gladstone Memorial Prize, 1904.
Edmund Ironside;
Edward the Confessor
C. W. W. Sir Charles William Wilson, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., F.R.S. (1836–1907).
Major-General, Royal Engineers. Secretary to the North American Boundary Commission, 1858–1862. British Commissioner on the Servian Boundary Commission. Director-General of the Ordnance Survey, 1836–1894. Director-General of Military Education, 1895–1898. Author of From Korti to Khartoum; Life of Lord Clive; &c.
Diarbekr (in part).
D. B. Ma. Duncan Black Macdonald, M.A., D.D.
Professor of Semitic Languages, Hartford Theological Seminary, U.S.A. Author of Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory; Selection from Ibn Khaldum; Religious Attitude and Life in Islam ; &c.
D. C. T. David Croal Thomson.
Formerly Editor of the Art Journal. Author of The Brothers Maris; The Barbizon School of Painters; Life ofPhiz”; Life of Bewick ; &c.
Diaz, N. V..
D. G. H. David George Hogarth, M.A.
Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. Fellow of the British Academy. Excavated at Paphos, 1888; Naukratis, 1899 and 1905; Ephesus, 1904–1905; Assiut, 1906–1907. Director, British School at Athens, 1897–1900. Director, Cretan Exploration Fund, 1899.
 (in part).
D. H. David Hannay.
Formerly British Vice-Consul at Barcelona. Author of Short History of Royal Navy, 1217–1688; Life of Emilio Castelar ; &c.
Dudley, Sir Robert;
Dutch Wars
: Naval.
D. Mn. Rev. Dugald Macfadyen, M.A.
Minister of South Grove Congregational Church, Highgate. Director of the London Missionary Society.
Duff, Alexander.
E. A. T. Mrs (Ethel) Alec Tweedie.
Author of Porfirio Diaz; Mexico as I saw it; &c.
Diaz, Porfirio.
E. Br. Ernest Barker, M.A.
Fellow of, and Lecturer in Modern History at, St John’s College, Oxford. Formerly Fellow and Tutor of Merton College. Craven Scholar, 1895.
E. C. B. Right Rev. Edward Cuthbert Butler, O.S.B., D.Litt. (Dublin).
Abbot of Downside Abbey, Bath.
Dominic, Saint;
E. C. B.* Edward Cresswell Baber, M.A. (d. 1910).
Formerly Senior Surgeon, Brighton and Sussex Throat and Ear Hospital. Prizeman and William Brown Scholar, St George’s Hospital, London. Author of numerous papers on Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat.
Ear: Diseases.
E. C. K. Edward Cameron Kirk, D.Sc.
Dean of the Dental Faculty and Professor of Dental Pathology, Therapeutics and Materia Medica, University of Pennsylvania. Editor of The American Text-Book of Operative Dentistry.
E. C. Q. Edmund Crosby Quiggin, M.A.
Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge; Lecturer in Modern Languages and Monro Lecturer in Celtic.
E. Es. Edmond Esmonin.
E. E. A. Ernest E. Austen.
Assistant in Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, South Kensington.
E. G. Edmund Gosse, LL.D.
See the biographical article: Gosse, Edmund.
Denmark: Literature; Descriptive Poetry;
; Diary;
Didactic Poetry
Dithyrambic Poetry
; Donne;
Drayton, Michael
Dutch Literature
; Edda.
E. Gr. Ernest A. Gardner, M.A.
See the biographical article: Gardner, Percy.
E. I. C. Edward Irving Carlyle, M.A., F.R.Hist.S.
Fellow, Lecturer in Modern History, and Tutor of Lincoln College, Oxford. Formerly Fellow of Merton College. Assistant Editor of the Dictionary of National Biography, 1895–1901.
Dost Mahommed Khan.
E. J. D Edward Joseph Dent, M.A., Mus.Bac.
Formerly Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge. Author of A. Scarlatti: his Life and Works.
Durante, Francesco.
E. K. Edmund Knecht, Ph.D., M.Sc.Tech. (Manchester), F.I.C.
Professor of Technological Chemistry, Manchester University. Head of Chemical Department, Municipal School of Technology, Manchester. Examiner in Dyeing, City and Guilds of London Institute. Author of A Manual of Dyeing; &c. Editor of Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists.
Ed. M. Eduard Meyer, D.Litt. (Oxon.), LL.D., Ph.D.
Professor of Ancient History in the University of Berlin. Author of Geschichte des Alterthums; Forschungen zur alten Geschichte; Geschichte des alten Ägyptens; Die Israeliten und ihre Nachbarstämme; &c.
E. Ma. Edward Manson.
Barrister—at-Law. Joint Editor of Journal of Comparative Legislation; Author of Law of Trading Companies; Practical Guide to Company Law; &c.
E. M. T. Sir Edward Maunde Thompson, G.C.B., I.S.O., D.C.L., Litt.D., LL.D.
Director and Principal Librarian, British Museum, 1898–1909, Sandars Reader in Bibliography, Cambridge, 1895–1896. Hon. Fellow of University College, Oxford. Correspondent of the Institute of France and of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences. Author of Handbook of Greek and Latin Palaeography. Editor of Chronicon Angliae. Joint Editor of publications of the Palaeographical Society, the New Palaeographical Society, and of the Facsimile of the Laurentian Sophocles.
E. O'M Rev. Eugene Henry O'Meara, M.A
Vicar of Tallaght, County Dublin.
Diatomaceae (in part).
E. Pr. Edgar Prestage.
Special Lecturer in Portuguese Literature in the University of Manchester. Commendador, Portuguese Order of S. Thiago. Corresponding Member of Lisbon Royal Academy of Sciences, Lisbon Geographical Society, &c.
Eça de Queiroz.
F. A. B Francis Arthur Bather, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S., F.R.G.S.
Assistant Keeper of Geology, British Museum. Rolleston Prizeman, Oxford, 1892. Author of “Echinoderma” in A Treatise on Zoology; Triassic Echinoderms of Bakony; &c.
F. E. B Frank Evers Beddard, M.A., F.R.S.
Prosector of the Zoological Society, London. Formerly Lecturer in Biology at Guy’s Hospital. Naturalist to “Challenger” Expedition Commission, 1882–1884. Author of Text-Book of Zoogeography; Animal Colouration; &c.
F. G. M. B. Frederick George Meeson Beck, M.A.
Fellow and Lecturer in Classics, Clare College, Cambridge.
East Anglia.
F. G. P. Frederick Gymer Parsons, F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., F.R.Anthrop.Inst.
Vice-President, Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Lecturer on Anatomy at St Thomas's Hospital and the London School of Medicine for Women. Formerly Examiner in the Universities of Cambridge, Aberdeen, London and Birmingham; and Hunterian Professor at the Royal College of Surgeons.
Ductless Glands
F. G. P.* Frank George Pope.
Lecturer on Chemistry, East London College (University of London).
Diazo Compounds.
F. J. H. Francis John Haverfield, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A.
Camden Professor of Ancient History in the University of Oxford. Fellow of Brasenose College. Fellow of the British Academy. Author of Monographs on Roman History, especially Roman Britain, &c.
F. Ll. G. Francis Llewelyn Griffith, M.A., Ph.D., F.S.A.
Reader in Egyptology, Oxford University. Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Editor of the Archaeological Survey and Archaeological Reports, of the Egypt Exploration Fund. Fellow of Imperial German Archaeological Institute.
Dendera; Edfu.
F. R. H. Frederick Robert Helmert, Ph.D., D.Ing.
Professor of Geodesy, University of Berlin.
Earth, Figure of the (in part).
F. R. M. Francis Richard Maunsell, C.M.G.
Lieutenant-Colonel. Military Vice-Consul, Sivas, Trebizond, Van (Kurdistan), 1897–1898. Military Attaché, British Embassy, Constantinople, 1901–1905. Author of Central Kurdistan; &c.
Diarbekr (in part).
F. S. Francis Storr, M.A.
Editor of the Journal of Education, London. Officier d'Académie, Paris
F. T. M. Sir Frank Thomas Marzials, K.C.B.
Formerly Accountant General of the Army. Editor of the “Great Writers” Series.
Dumas: fils.
F. V. T. Frederick Vincent Theobald, M.A.,
Vice-Principal and Zoologist, S.E. Agricultural College, Wye, Kent (University of London). Grand Medallist of the Société Nationale d'Acclimatation de France. Author of The Insect and other Allied Pests of Orchard, Bush and Hothouse Fruits; &c.
Economic Entomology.
F. W. R.*, Frederick William Rudler, I.S.O., F.G.S.
Curator and Librarian of the Museum of Practical Geology, London, 1879–1902. President of the Geologists' Association, 1887–1889.
Earthquake (in part).
F. W. W. Frederic W. Whyte.
Author of Actors of the Century; &c. Translator of Filon's English Stage; Schilling's With Flashlight and Rifle; &c.
Du Maurier, G..
G. A. B. George A. Boulenger, F.R.S., D.Sc., Ph.D.
In charge of the collections of Reptiles and Fishes, Department of Zoology, British Museum. Vice-President of the Zoological Society of London.
G. Be. Gertrude Margaret Lothian Bell.
Author of The Desert and the Sown; &c.
Druses (in part).
G. B. M. C. George Barnard Milbank Coore.
Assistant Secretary, Board of Education, London.
Education: National Systems.
G. C. W. George Charles Williamson, Litt.D.
Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Author of Portrait Miniatures; Life of Richard Cosway, R.A.; George Engleheart; Portrait Drawings; &c. Editor of new edition of Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers.
Downman; Dumont, François.
G. F. B. G. F. Barwick.
Assistant Keeper of Printed Books and Superintendent of Reading Room, British Museum.
Dhuleep Singh.
G. G. S. George Gregory Smith, M.A.
Professor of English Literature, Queen's University of Belfast. Author of The Days of James IV.; The Transition Period; Specimens of Middle Scots; &c.
Douglas, Gavin; Dunbar, William.
G. H. Br. George Hartley Bryan, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.
Professor of Pure and Applied Mathematics, University College of North Wales. Formerly Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge. President of Mathematical Association, 1907.
G. H. C. George Herbert Carpenter, B.Sc.
Professor of Zoology in the Royal College of Science, Dublin. Author of Insects: their Structure and Life.
Dragon-fly (in part).
G. S. W.* George Stephen West, M.A., D.Sc., F.L.S.
Professor of Botany, University of Birmingham. Associate of Royal College of Science, London. Author of Treatise on British Fresh-water Algae; &c.
Diatomaceae (in part).
H. A. Mi. Henry Alexander Miers, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.
Principal of the University of London. Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. Formerly Waynflete Professor of Mineralogy, Oxford. President of Mineralogical Society since 1904. Editor of the Mineralogical Magazine, 1891–1900. Author of Mineralogy; &c.
H. B. Wo. Horace Bolingbroke Woodward, F.R.S., F.G.S.
Formerly Assistant Director of the Geological Survey. of, England and Wales. President, Geologists' Association, 1893–1894. Wollaston Medallist, 1908.
Desmarest, N..
H. Ch. Hugh Chisholm, M.A.
Formerly Scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Editor of the 11th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica; Co-editor of the 10th edition.
Devonshire, Earls and Dukes of; Dufferin and Ava, 1st Marquess; Edward VII.
H. De. Rev. Hippolyte Delehaye, S.J.
Bollandist. Joint Author of the Acta Sanctorum.
Denis, Saint.
H. F. Ba. Henry Frederick Baker, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.
Fellow and Lecturer of St John's College, Cambridge. Cayley Lecturer in Mathematics in the University. Author of Abel's Theory and the Allied Theory; &c.
Differential Equation.
H. F. G. Hans Friedrich Gadow, M.A., F.R.S., Ph.D.
Strickland Curator and Lecturer on Zoology in the University of Cambridge. Author of Amphibia and Reptiles (Cambridge Natural History).
Dodo (in part).
H. G. Hugh Godfray, M.A.
Sometime Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. Author of an Elementary Treatise on the Lunar Theory; A Treatise on Astronomy.
Dial and Dialling.
H. H. T. Herbert Hall Turner, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.,
Savilian Professor of Astronomy, Oxford University. Fellow of New College. Formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Chief Assistant at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Correspondent, Institut de France. President, Royal Astronomical Society, 1903–1904. Author of Modern Astronomy; Astronomical Discovery.
Eclipse (in part).
H. Lb. Horace Lamb, M.A., LL.D., D.Sc., F.R.S.
Professor of Mathematics, University of Manchester. Formerly Fellow and Assistant Tutor of Trinity College, Cambridge. Member of Council of Royal Society, 1894–1896. Royal Medallist, 1902. President of London Mathematical Society, 1902–1904. Author of Hydrodynamics; &c.
H. N. D. Henry Newton Dickson, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S. (Edin.), F.R.G.S.
Professor of Geography at University College, Reading. Formerly Vice-President, Royal Meteorological Society. Lecturer in Physical Geography, Oxford. Author of Meteorology; Elements of Weather and Climate; &c.
H. O. T. Henry Osborn Taylor, LL.B. (Columbia).
Author of The Classical Heritage of the Middle Ages; Ancient Ideals; &c.
Dionysius Areopagiticus.
H. St. Henry Sturt, M.A.
Author of Idola Theatri; The Idea of a Free Church; and Personal Idealism.
H. S. S. Harold Spencer Scott, M.A.
New College, Oxford. Barrister-at-Law, Lincoln's Inn.
H. Ti. Henry Tiedemann.
London Editor of the Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant. Ex-President of the Foreign Press Association.
H. W. C. D. Henry William Carless Davis, M.A.
Fellow and Tutor of Balliol College, Oxford. Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford, 1895–1902. Author of England under the Normans and Angevins; Charlemagne.
Dermot MacMurrough; Edmund, Saint.
H. W. H. Hope W. Hogg, M.A.
Professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures in the University of Manchester.
I. A. Israel Abrahams, M.A.
Reader in Talmudic and Rabbinic Literature, University of Cambridge. President, Jewish Historical Society of England. Author of A Short History of Jewish Literature; Jewish Life in the Middle Ages.
Dukes, Leopold;
J. A.* John Aitken, LL.D., F.R.S.
Investigator of Atmospheric Dust. Inventor of instruments for counting the dust particles in the atmosphere. Author of papers on Dust Fogs and Clouds; Hazing Effects of Atmospheric Dust; Cyclones and Anticyclones; &c., in publications of Royal Society.
J. A. H. John Allen Howe, B.Sc.
Curator and Librarian of the Museum of Practical Geology, London.
Devonian System; Drift.
J. A. P.* Rev. James Alexander Paterson, M.A., D.D.
Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Exegesis, New College, Edinburgh. Author of The Period of the Judges; Book of Leviticus, in “Temple” Bible; Book of Numbers, in “Polychrome” Bible; &c. Translator of Schultz's Old Testament Theology.
J. C. M. James Clerk Maxwell, D.C.L., F.R.S.
See the biographical article: Maxwell, James Clerk.
J. F.-K. James Fitzmaurice-Kelly, Litt.D., F.R.Hist.S.
Gilmour Professor of Spanish Language and Literature, Liverpool University. Norman McColl Lecturer, Cambridge University. Fellow of the British Academy. Member of the Royal Spanish Academy. Knight Commander of the Order of Alphonso XII. Author of A History of Spanish Literature; &c.
Deus, João de; Don Juan; Echegaray y Eizaguirre.
J. G. H. Joseph G. Horner, A.M.I.Mech.E.
Author of Plating and Boiler Making; Practical Metal Turning; &c.
Drawing: Drawing-Office Work.
J. H. G. Johann Hendrik Gallée, Ph.D.
Professor of Comparative Philology and Teutonic Languages, University of Utrecht. President of the Philological Society, Utrecht. Author of Altsächsische Sprachdenkmäler.
Dutch Language.
J. H. R. John Horace Round, M.A., LL.D. (Edin.).
Author of Feudal England; Studies in Peerage and Family History; Peerage and Pedigree; &c.
Domesday Book;
Earl Marshal
J. I. Jules Isaac.
Professor of History at the Lycée of Lyons.
Du Bellay, Guillaume and Jean.
J. J. H. J. J. Hummel, F.I.C. (d. 1902).
Formerly Professor of Dyeing, University of Leeds. Author of The Dyeing of Textile Fabrics.
Dyeing (in part).
J. J. L.* Rev. John James Lias, M.A.
Chancellor of Llandaff Cathedral. Formerly Hulsean Lecturer in Divinity and Lady Margaret Preacher, University of Cambridge.
J. L. M. John Linton Myres, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.G.S.
Wykeham Professor of Ancient History in the University of Oxford. Formerly Gladstone Professor of Greek and Lecturer in Ancient Geography, University of Liverpool. Lecturer in Classical Archaeology in University of Oxford.
J. Mi. John Milne, F.G.S., F R.S., D.Sc.
Formerly Professor of Mining and Geology
Earthquake (in part).
J. Mo. Viscount Morley of Blackburn.
See the biographical article: Morley, Viscount, of Blackburn.
J. M. M. John Malcolm Mitchell.
Sometime Scholar of Queen’s College, Oxford. Lecturer in Classics, East London College (University of London). Joint Editor of Grote’s History of Greece.
J. M. M. D. J. M. M. Dallas.
Formerly Secretary of the Edinburgh Draughts Club.
Draughts (in part).
J. O. B. John Oliver Borley, M.A.
Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
Dredge and Dredging: Marine.
J. P.-B. James George Joseph Penderel-Brodhurst.
Editor of the Guardian, London.
J. R. C. Joseph Rogerson Cotter, M.A.
Assistant to the Professor of Physics, Trinity College, Dublin. Editor of 2nd Dispersion, edition of Preston’s Theory of Heat.
J. R. F. John Ritchie Findlay.
See the biographical article: Findlay, J. R.
De Quincey.
J. R. Fo. J. R. Fothergill.
Editor of The Slade.
J. S. F. John Smith Flett, D.Sc., F.G.S.
Petrographer to the Geological Survey. Formerly Lecturer on Petrology in Edinburgh University. Neill Medallist of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Bigsby Medallist of the Geological Society of London.
Diabase; Diorite;
; Dolomite;
J. T. Be. John T. Bealby.
Joint-author of Stanford’s Europe. Formerly Editor of the Scottish Geographical Magazine. Translator of Sven Hedin’s Through Asia, Central Asia and Tibet; &c.
Dnieper (in part);
 (in part);
 (in part);
Don Cossacks, Territory of the
 (in part);
 (in part);
 (in part).
Jno. W. John Westlake, K.C., LL.D., D.C.L.
Professor of International Law, Cambridge, 1888–1908. One of the Members for United Kingdom of International Court of Arbitration under the Hague Convention, 1900–1906. Author of A Treatise on Private International Law; International Law: I. Peace; II. War; &c.
J. Wn. James Welton, M.A.
Professor of Education in the University of Leeds. Author of Logical Bases of Education; Principles and Methods of Moral Training; &c.
Education: Theory.
J. W. He. James Wycliffe Headlam, M.A.
Staff Inspector of Secondary Schools under the Board of Education. Formerly Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge. Professor of Greek and Ancient History at Queen’s College, London. Author of Bismarck and the Foundation of the German Empire; &c.
Droysen, J. G.
K. S. Kathleen Schlesinger.
Author of The Instruments of the Orchestra; &c.
Double-Bass; Drone;
; Dulcimer.
L. F. V.-H. Leveson Francis Vernon-Harcourt, M.A., M.Inst.C.E. (1839–1907).
Formerly Professor of Civil Engineering at University College, London. Author of Rivers and Canals; Harbours and Docks; Civil Engineering as applied in Construction; &c.
L. J. S. Leonard James Spencer, M.A., F.G.S.
Assistant, Department of Mineralogy, British Museum. Formerly Scholar of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Harkness Scholar. Editor of the Mineralogical Magazine.
Diallage; Diaspore;
; Dioptase.
L. V.* Luigi Villari.
Italian Foreign Office (Emigration Department). Formerly Newspaper Correspondent in East of Europe. Italian Vice-Consul in New Orleans, 1906; Philadelphia, 1907; and Boston, U.S.A., 1907–1910. Author of Italian Life in Town and Country; Fire and Sword in the Caucasus; &c.
Diavolo, Fra;
M. A. C. Maurice Arthur Canney, M.A.
Assistant Lecturer in Semitic Languages in the University of Manchester.
M. Br. Miss Margaret Bryant.
Dryden (in part); Dumas.
M. F. Sir Michael Foster, K.C.B., D C.L., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S.
See the biographical article: Foster, Sir M.
Du Bois-Reymond.
M. G. D. Hon. Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant-Duff, G.C.S.I., F.R.S. (1829–1906).
M.P. for the Elgin Burghs, 1857–1881. Under-Secretary of State for India, 1868–1874. Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1880–1881. Governor of Madras, 1881–1886. President of the Royal Geographical Society, 1889–1893. President of the Royal Historical Society, 1892–1899. Author of Studies in European Politics; Notes from a Diary; &c.
Derby, 14th Earl of.
M. Ha. Marcus Hartog, M.A., D.Sc., F.L.S.
Professor of Zoology, University College, Cork. Author of Protozoa (in Cambridge Natural History); and papers for various scientific journals.
M. Ja. Morris Jastrow, Jr., Ph.D.
Professor of Semitic Languages, University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Author of Religion of the Babylonians and Assyrians; &c.
M. O. B. C. Maximilian Otto Bismarck Caspari, M.A.
Reader in Ancient History at London University. Lecturer in Greek at Birmingham University, 1905–1908.
N. M. Norman McLean, M.A.
Fellow, Lecturer and Librarian of Christ's College, Cambridge. University Lecturer in Aramaic. Examiner for the Oriental Languages Tripos, and the Theological Tripos, at Cambridge.
Dionysius Telmaharensis.
N. M. B. Nicholas Murray Butler.
See the biographical article: Butler, N. M.
Education: United States.
N. W. T. Northcote Whitbridge Thomas, M.A.
Government Anthropologist to Southern Nigeria. Corresponding Member of the Société d'Anthropologie de Paris. Author of Thought Transference; Kinship and Marriage in Australia; &c.
; Dreams.
O. J. R. H. Osbert John Radcliffe Howarth, M.A.
Christ Church, Oxford. Geographical Scholar, 1901. Assistant Secretary of the British Association.
Denmark: Geography and Statistics (in part).
P. A. K. Prince Peter Alexeivitch Kropotkin.
See the biographical article: Kropotkin, Prince P. A.
Dnieper (in part); Dniester (in part); Don (in part);
Don Cossacks, Territory of the
 (in part); Dvina (in part);
 (in part).
P. C. M. Peter Chalmers Mitchell, F, R.S., M.A., D.Sc., LL.D.
Secretary to the Zoological Society of London. University Demonstrator in Comparative Anatomy and Assistant to Linacre Professor at Oxford, 1888–1891. Lecturer on Biology at Charing Cross Hospital, 1892–1894; at London Hospital, 1894. Examiner in Biology to the Royal College of Physicians, 1892–1896, 1901–1903. Examiner in Zoology to the University of London, 1903.
Dog (in part).
P. C. Y. Philip Chesney Yorke, M.A.
Magdalen College, Oxford.
Derby, 7th Earl of;
Digby, Sir Everard
Digby, Sir Kenelm
P. Gi. Peter Giles, M.A., LL.D., Litt. D.
Fellow and Classical Lecturer of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and University Reader in Comparative Philology. Late Secretary of the Cambridge Philological Society. Author of Manual of Comparative Philology; &c.
P. G. K. Paul George Konody.
Art Critic of the Observer and the Daily Mail. Formerly Editor of The Artist. Author of The Art of Walter Crane; Velasquez, Life and Work; &c.
R. Lord Rayleigh.
See the biographical article: Rayleigh, 3rd Baron.
Diffraction of Light.
R. A. S. M. Robert Alexander Stewart Macalister, M.A., F.S.A.
St John's College, Cambridge. Director of Excavations for the Palestine Exploration Fund.
R. C. J. Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb, Litt.D., D.C.L.
See the biographical article: Jebb, Sir Richard C.
R. D. M. R. D. Milner.
Formerly Assistant, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dietetics (in part).
R. H. D.* Robert Henry Davis.
Managing Director, Siebe, Gorman & Co., Ltd., Submarine Engineers, London. Author of A Diving Manual; &c.
Divers and Diving Apparatus.
R. I. P. Reginald Innes Pocock, F.Z.S.
Superintendent of the Zoological Gardens, London.
R. J. Richard Jordan.
Draughts Champion of Scotland, 1896, and of the world, 1896 seq.
Draughts (in part).
R. J. M. Ronald John McNeill, M.A.
Christ Church, Oxford. Barrister-at-Law. Formerly Editor of the St James's Gazette, London.
Driving; Durham, 1st Earl of.
R. L.* Richard Lydekker, F.R.S., F.G.S., F.Z.S.
Member of the Staff of the Geological Survey of India, 1874–1882. Author of Catalogues of Fossil Mammals, Reptiles and Birds in British Museum; The Deer of all Lands; &c.
Dingo; Dolphin;
; Dugong;
; Edentata.
R. Ma. Rev. Robert Mackintosh, D.D.
Professor of Christian Ethics and Apologetics, Lancashire Independent College. Lecturer on the Philosophy of Religion, University of Manchester. Author of Christ and the Jewish Law; &c.
R. M‘L. Robert M'Lachlan, F.R.S.
Editor of the Entomologists' Monthly Magazine.
Dragon-fly (in part).
R. N. B. Robert Nisbet Bain (d. 1909).
Assistant Librarian, British Museum 1883–1909. Author of Scandinavia: the Political History of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, 1513–1900; The First Romanovs, 1613 to 1725; Slavonic Europe: the Political History of Poland and Russia from 1469 to 1796; &c.
Denmark: Medieval and Modern History;
; Dlugosz;
; Dozsa.
R. P. S. R. Phené Spiers, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A.
Formerly Master of the Architectural School, Royal Academy, London. Past-President of Architectural Association. Associate and Fellow of King's College, London. Corresponding Member of the Institute of France. Editor of Fergusson's History of Architecture. Author of Architecture: East and West; &c.
Dome; Door;
Early English Period
S. A. C Stanley Arthur Cook.
Editor for Palestine Exploration Fund. Lecturer in Hebrew and Syriac, and formerly Fellow, Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. Examiner in Hebrew and Aramaic, London University, 1904–1908. Council of Royal Asiatic Society, 1904–1905. Author of Glossary of Aramaic Inscriptions; The Laws of Moses and Code of Hammurabi; Critical Notes on Old Testament History; Religion of Ancient Palestine; &c.
St C. Viscount St Cyres.
See the biographical article: Iddesleigh, 1st Earl of.
Du Vergier de Hauranne.
St H. Lord St Helier (Sir Francis Henry Jeune), P.C., K.C.B., G.C.B. (1843–1905).
President of the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice, 1892–1905. Honorary Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford.
S. C. Sidney Colvin, LL.D.
See the biographical article: Colvin, S.
S. D. H. S. D. Hopkinson.
{ Dividend.
S. K. Sten Konow, Ph.D.
Professor of Indian Philology in the University of Christiania. Officier de l'Académie Française. Author of Stamavidhāna brāhmana; The Karpuramañjarī; volumes on Tibeto-Burman languages; Munda and Dravidian; “Mārāthi Bhil” in The Linguistic Survey of India.
S. N. Simon Newcomb, LL.D.
See the biographical article: Newcomb, Simon.
Eclipse (in part);
T. As. Thomas Ashby, M.A., D.Litt., F.S.A.
Director of the British School of Archaeology at Rome. Corresponding Member of the Imperial German Archaeological Institute. Formerly Scholar of Christ Church, Oxford. Craven Fellow, Oxford, 1897. Author of The Classical Topography of the Roman Campagna; &c.
T. A. I. Thomas Allan Ingram, M.A., LL.D.
Trinity College, Dublin.
T. F. T Thomas Frederick Tout, M.A.
Professor of Medieval and Modern History in the University of Manchester. Formerly Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford. Author of Edward I.; The Empire and Papacy; &c.
Edward I., II., III.;
Edward, The Black Prince
T. K. C Rev. Thomas Kelly Cheyne, M.A., D.D.
See the biographical article: Cheyne, T. K.
T. L. H. Sir Thomas Little Heath, K.C.B., D.Sc.
Assistant Secretary to the Treasury. Formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Author of Diophantos of Alexandria; Editor of The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements; &c.
T. M. F. Thomas McCall Fallow, M.A., F.S.A.
Formerly Editor of the Antiquary. Author of Memorials of Old Yorkshire; Cathedral Churches of Ireland; &c.
T. Se. Thomas Seccombe, M.A.
Balliol College, Oxford. Lecturer in History, East London and Birkbeck Colleges (University of London). Stanhope Prizeman, Oxford, 1887. Assistant Editor of Dictionary of National Biography, 1891–1901. Author of The Age of Johnson; Joint Author of The Bookman History of English Literature; &c.
T. W. R. D. T. W. Rhys Davids, LL.D., Ph.D.
Professor of Comparative Religion, Manchester. Professor of Pali and Buddhist Literature, University College, London, 1882–1904. President of the Pali Text Society. Fellow of the British Academy. Secretary and Librarian of Royal Asiatic Society, 1885–1902. Author of Buddhism; Sacred Books of the Buddhists; Early Buddhism; Buddhist India; Dialogues of the Buddha; &c.
V. T. Vladimir Tchertkoff.
Editor of The Free Age Press. Literary Representative of Leo Tolstoy. Author of Christian Martyrdom in Russia; &c.
W. A. William Archer.
See the biographical article Archer, William.
Drama: Recent English.
W. A. B. C. Rev. William Augustus Brevoort Coolidge, M.A., F.R.G.S., Ph.D. (Bern).
Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. Professor of English History, St David's College, Lampeter, 1880–1881. Author of Guide du Haut Dauphiné; The Range of the Tödi; Guide to Grindelwald; Guide to Switzerland; The Alps in Nature and in History; &c. Editor of the Alpine Journal, 1880–1889; &c.
Dolomites, The
Ebel, J. G.
W. A. P. Walter Alison Phillips, M.A.
Formerly Exhibitioner of Merton College and Senior Scholar of St John's College, Oxford. Author of Modern Europe; &c.
Diplomacy; Dispensation; Donation of Constantine; Dragon; Duke;
Eastern Question, The
W. A. S. H. William Albert Samuel Hewins, M.A.
Secretary of the Tariff Commission. Formerly Director of the London School of Economics. Teacher of Modern Economic History in the University of London, 1902–1903. Tooke Professor of Economic Science and Statistics at King's College, London, 1897–1903. Author of Imperialism and its Probable Efect on the Commercial Policy of the United Kingdom; &c.
W. B. Walter Baxendale.
Kennel Editor of the Field.
Dog (in part).
W. E. B. Rev. William Emery Barnes, M.A., D.D.
Hulsean Professor of Divinity, Cambridge. Fellow and Hon. Chaplain of Peterhouse, Cambridge. Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of London. Joint Editor of Journal of Theological Studies, 1899–1901. Formerly Lecturer in Hebrew, Clare College, and Lecturer in Hebrew and Divinity, Peterhouse. Author of The Canonical and Uncanonical Gospels; The Peshitta Text of Chronicles; The Psalms in the Peshitta Version; Genuineness of Isaiah; &c.
W. E. D. William Ernest Dalby, M.A., M.Inst.C.E., M.I.M.E., A.M.Inst.N.A.
Professor of Civil and Mechanical Engineering at the City and Guilds of London Institute Central Technical College, South Kensington. Formerly University Demonstrator in the Engineering Department, Cambridge. Author of The Balancing of Engines; Valves and Valve Gear Mechanism; &c.
W. F. Sh. William Fleetwood Sheppard, M.A.
Senior Examiner to the Board of Education. Formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Senior Wrangler, 1884.
Differences, Calculus of.
W. F. W. Walter Francis Willcox, LL.B., Ph.D.
Chief Statistician, United States Census Bureau. Professor of Social Science and Statistics, Cornell University. Member of the American Social Science Association and Secretary of the American Economical Association. Author of The Divorce Problem: A Study in Statistics; Social Statistics of the United States; &c.
Divorce: United States.
W. G. F. P. Sir Walter George Frank Phillimore, Bart., D.C.L., LL.D.
Judge of the King's Bench Division. President of International Law Association, 1905. Author of Book of Church Law. Editor of 2nd edition of Phillimore's Ecclesiastical Law; 3rd edition of vol. iv. of Phillimore's International Law; &c.
Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.
W. Hy. William Henry.
Founder and Chief Secretary to the Royal Life Saving Society. Associate of the Order of St John of Jerusalem. Joint Author of Swimming, (Badminton Library); &c.
Drowning and Life Saving.
W. H.* Walter Hunter, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E., F.G.S.
Consulting Engineer for Waterworks to Crown Agents for the Colonies. Member of Council of Institute of Civil Engineers. Silver Medallist, Royal Society of Arts. Originator of Staines Scheme of Storage Reservoirs. Has reported on Waterworks at Accra, Secconder and Lagos; also on Rand Water Supply.
Dredge and Dredging: Hydraulic Engineering.
W. H. Ma. William Henry Maxwell, A.M.I.C.E.
Borough and Waterworks Engineer, Tunbridge Wells. Formerly President of Institute of Sanitary Engineers, London. Author of Refuse Destructors; &c. Joint Editor of Encyclopaedia of Municipal and Sanitary Engineering.
W. L. G. William Lawson Grant, M.A.
Professor at Queen's University, Kingston, Canada. Formerly Beit Lecturer in Colonial History at Oxford University. Editor of Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial series; Canadian Constitutional Development (in collaboration).
Dorchester, 1st Baron.
W. M. William Minto, M.A.
See the biographical article: Minto, William.
Dryden (in part).
W. M. R. William Michael Rossetti.
See the biographical article: Rossetti, Dante Gabriel.
Dolci; Domenichino;
Dyce, William
; Eastlake.
W. N. S. William Napier Shaw, M.A., LL.D., D.Sc., F.R.S.
Director of the Meteorological Office. Reader in Meteorology in the University of London. President of Permanent International Meteorological Committee. Member of Meteorological Council, 1897–1905. Hon. Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. Senior Tutor, 1890–1899. Joint Author of Text Book of Practical Physics; &c.
W. O. A. Wilbur Olin Atwater, Ph.D. (1844–1907).
Formerly Professor of Chemistry, Wesleyan University, U.S.A. Special Agent of United States Department of Agriculture in charge of Nutrition Investigations.
Dietetics (in part).
W. R. E. H. William Richard Eaton Hodgkinson, Ph.D., F.R.S.
Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Ordnance College, Woolwich. Formerly Professor of Chemistry and Physics, R.M.A., Woolwich. Part author of Valentin-Hodgkinson’s Practical Chemistry; &c.
W. R. L. W. R. Lethaby, F.S.A.
Principal of the Central School of Arts and Crafts under the London County Council. Author of Architecture, Mysticism and Myth; &c.
W. S. J. William Stanley Jevons, LL.D.
See the biographical article: Jevons, William Stanley.
De Morgan.
W. W. William Wallace.
See the biographical article: Wallace, William (1844–1897).
W. W. R.* William Walker Rockwell, Lic.Theol.
Assistant Professor of Church History, Union Theological Seminary, New York.
Dort, Synod of.


Democratic Party.
De Witt, John.
Diamond Necklace.
Dietrich of Bern.

Dittersdorf, Karl D. von.
Dorset, Earls, Marquesses
and Dukes of
Douglas: Family.

Drainage of Land.
Drake, Sir Francis.
Drummond of Hawthornden.
Dundee, Viscount.
Dundee: City.
Duns Scotus.

Dutch East India Company.
Dutch West India Company.
East India Company.
Eastern Bengal and Assam.
Ecclesiastical Law.