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COLBY, BAINBRIDGE (1869–), American politician, was born at St. Louis Dec. 22 1869. After graduating from Williams College in 1890, he studied at the Columbia Law School and the New York Law School. He began to practise in 1892 in New York. He was counsel for Mark Twain in settling the affairs of the publishing house of Chas. L. Webster & Co. He was a member of the New York Assembly, 1901–2. He was an ardent supporter of the candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt for the Republican presidential nomination in 1912, and was in charge of the contests for seating the Roosevelt delegates in the national convention. Following the split in the Republican party he became one of the founders of the National Progressive party and was a delegate at its national convention in Chicago in 1912. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. Senate from New York on this party’s ticket in 1914 and 1916. He was appointed a commissioner of the U.S. Shipping Board, and a member of the U.S. Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corp. 1917–9. He was likewise a member of the American mission to the Inter-Allied Conference at Paris in 1917. In Feb. 1920 he was appointed Secretary of State to succeed Robert L. Lansing by President Wilson, to whose administration he had given his support.