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A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/ceng

< A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones

— ceng —

ceng1061679 A small cup.
cíu ceng; a wine cup. tê ceng; a tea cup. tê ceng pûaⁿ; a saucer.

ceng10616712 A bell with flaring mouth.
phah ceng; ring a bell. ceng híang a būe? Has the bell rung yet? sî-ceng; a clock. ceng-kè; a belfry. sî-ceng-kè; a clock shelf. cŏ̤-ceng; a clock that stands on a broad base. cêk tíam ceng; one o'clock. saⁿ tíam pùaⁿ ceng; half past three o'clock. lṳ́ thóiⁿ sî-ceng kṳ́i tíam; look at the clock and see what time it is. khà ceng; ring a bell by beating upon it. khio ceng lûi kó; ring bells and sound drums. cŭang bâk ceng; ring a wooden bell; to intrust business to a fool. ceng híang m̄ tùi sî; the bell rang out of time. siu-sîp ceng pie kâi nâng; one who repairs clocks and watches. ceng būe híang i soiⁿ lâi; he came before the bell rang.

ceng1151345 To pound with a pounder, held vertically.
ceng bí; to pound rice. ceng chîeⁿ; to pound up a wall. ceng thô; to pound up clay. ceng chòi; to pound rice flour. ceng thâng-îu-hue; to make putty. ceng îeh-îⁿ; make pills. ceng cî cò̤ kúe; make dough for cakes. lṳ́ lâi ceng, úa lâi thai; you pound and I will sift. m̄-hó̤ ceng tîeh i kâi chíu; do not pound her hand. ceng kàu chùi-chùi; pound it up into small fragments. ceng kàu hu-hu; pulverize it finely.

ceng7846411 To batter; to knock about; to run against.
ceng mn̂g ceng hŏ; batter down doors. ceng úaⁿ, tǹg tîh; smash the dishes. ceng pûah lô̤h khṳ̀; knocked down by being run against. ceng ka-lâuh cêk kâi khí; had a tooth knocked out. ceng kàu mâk úaⁿ céng; knocked him so as to cause his eye to swell up. thó ceng; knock things to pieces, as in anger. ceng kàu i bŏi kîaⁿ; mauled him so he could not walk. thóiⁿ kéng sie léng, thóiⁿ teng sie ceng; pushing to see a fine view, or mauling each other at a puppet show.

ceng30648 To strike with a horizontal stroke.
lîah lío tùi i kâi sim-kuaⁿ li-li ceng; seized him, and struck him repeatedly in the chest. ceng tîeh i kâi hîap-ĕ; struck him in the side. ceng tîeh ka-ciah, ceng bô̤ bī; it is of no use to hit him on his back.

ceng981025 ceng-seⁿ; cattle; domestic animals.
chī ŭ jîeh cōi ceng-seⁿ? How many domestic animals do you keep? ceng-seⁿ kâi mûeh sek căi; dumb creatures are very knowing. àu ceng-seⁿ! You nasty brute!

ceng9921198 The germinating principle; the essence; before another adjective it sometimes makes that adjective intensive.
ceng-khì; the quintessence; animal vigor. ŭ ceng-sîn; vigorous; sprightly. ceng-lêng; spirited. ceng-sîn cok căi; full of vitality. bô̤ ceng-sîn; no vitality. ceng-sîn khùn-tŏaⁿ; a low state of the nervous system; weak vitality. seⁿ lâi ceng-sîn câi; naturally very vigorous. sang mâk ho̤h ceng-sîn; eyes bright and indicative of health. sîn-khì bô̤ hêng, ceng-hueh ŭ hêng; vitality is invisible, but the vascular system may be seen. ceng-khá; skilled. ceng piaⁿ; picked men. ceng sòi; very small. ceng cho; very ugly. ceng bīo; very subtle. ceng-chúe; the marrow. ceng-khì chong cok; abundant animal vigor. pó-iah ceng-khì; recuperate the animal vigor. ceng-khì pô̤h; weak vitality. sĭm sĭ seⁿ ceng-hueh; excellent for strengthening the system. pó ceng, mêng mâk; strengthening the nervous system improves the sight.

ceng74605 To reduce to submission, or to chastise refractory states.
chut ceng; go out to war against rebels. ceng tu; to exterminate the rebels. ceng hŵt; to subdue and punish. lâm ceng, pak tháu; the south subjugated and the north brought under authority. ceng-pí sṳ-îa; a clerk of the taxes in a district magistrate's yamun. chut ceng piaⁿ; veteran troops; tried warriors. chut ceng kîeⁿ síu sîaⁿ; more is to be gained by going forth to conquer than by staying at home to defend.

ceng952738 To duplicate, said of generations only.
ceng-có; great grandfather. ceng-sun; great grandson. ceng-có-má; great grandparents. ceng-sun-hŭ; great grandson's wife. cí kháu phûn sĭ cǹg i ceng-có; this grave is the one in which his great grandfather is buried.

ceng731542 Clean, chaste, pure.
ceng kiet; undefiled. ceng-cìaⁿ; upright. ceng-lîet; chaste, even unto death. síu ceng; a betrothed girl whose affianced died before the nuptials, and who refuses to marry. ceng ńng; a virgin. ceng cak; a widow who will not marry again. tong-ceng; honest; trustworthy. ńng-ceng cí; seeds of the wax tree, used in medicine.

ceng9513212 To add; to increase.
ceng ke; augment. ceng ke jîeh cōi? How much is to be added? àiⁿ ceng-thiⁿ; will increase the amount. ceng kè-cîⁿ; raise the price. ceng ke nâng; increase of population. ceng co; increase the rent. ceng kíam; increase and diminish. kia-ceng; to add to.

ceng725912 A Buddhist priest.
ceng tău; priests and their teachings. lîu-ceng; a wandering bonze. la-má ceng; a lama or Mongol priest. lău ceng; an old priest. cí kâi am ŭ cêk peh ceng; this monastery has a hundred monks. ceng kang si; an official who governs his fellow priests.

ceng7799 A scout; one sent to reconnoitre.
ceng-thàm; a scout. tng ceng-thàm; act as scout. phài ceng-thàm khṳ̀ chê; despatch a scout to reconnoitre. cí kâi ceng-thàm mîaⁿ-ke thàm sṳ̄; this scout is expert in discovering things.

ceng9931098 The eyes; the eye ball; the iris.
ūe lêng m̄ tíam ceng; to draw a dragon and leave out the eyes; to leave work without finishing it up. thóiⁿ kàu mâk m̄ cẃn ceng; gazing with motionless eye balls; staring fixedly.

ceng74866 To decant by steaming; the winter sacrifice.
káu ceng káu sài; nine steamings and nine airings. ceng ngîap; entailed property whose proceeds are applied to ancestral sacrifices.

ceng74615 Restless; afraid.
ceng-chong; agitated. ŭ kâi ceng-chong kâi pēⁿ; is very nervous. ceng-chong kâi nâng to̤ bô̤ táⁿ; nervous people are generally cowardly.

ceng731139 Felicitous.
ceng-sîang; auspicious; lucky. chông ceng sói keng; take an auspicious time for cleaning the temples.

ceng291188 A sort of virginal or harpsichord, having twelve brass strings, and played with a plectrum.
cuaⁿ ceng; play on the harpsichord. cêk keⁿ ceng; a harpsichord.

céng1071309 To swell; to tumefy; a swelling.
céng-tìe; to swell up. céng thìaⁿ; swollen and painful. phû-céng; puffed up. n̂g-pûh céng; dropsical swelling. céng kâi pau; a hard small swelling. cúi céng; a watery swelling. cheⁿ céng; a black and blue swelling. n̂g céng phòng; a hard, permanent swelling. âng céng; a red swelling. céng hap; an inflamed swelling. nĕ céng-céng; badly swollen. thò̤ céng; sio céng; to reduce swelling. hāi i khàu kàu mâk céng; made him cry so that his eyes are swollen. mâk céng kàu peh m̄ khui; his eyes are swollen so that he cannot open them. céng kàu tōa-bó̤-ki; swollen to an immense size. nío-chṳ́ búe cĭn céng m̄ kiaⁿ sí nâng; people are not frightened to death by a rat's tail, even when it is swollen to the uttermost.

céng9898614 Embers; brands; hot coals.
húe-céng; coals that may be used for starting a fire. hŵn-lío chûn ŭ húe-céng mē? Are there any live coals left?

ceng{{{3}}} A seed; a germ; a sort.
céng-cí; seeds. īa céng-cí; to sow seed. lô̤h céng-cí; to put in the seed. hó̤ céng; good seed. m̄-hó̤ céng; bad seed. thŵn céng; propagate this variety. hó̤ céng-câk; of good stock. sĭm-mih céng-câk? Of what species is it? lâu pàng kò̤ cò̤ céng; save it for seed. tāu céng; vaccine virus. pńg tī céng; indigenous. gūa kò̤ céng; an exotic. àiⁿ tī cêk céng? Which variety do you want? câp céng; illegitimate. câp céng kíaⁿ; a bastard. cí-kò̤ bô̤ cía céng; this sort does not grow hereabouts. māng céng; seeds that grow slowly; perennial. khùe céng; annuals.

céng756612 To put in order; to repair.
chî-chî céng-céng; put in fine order. siu-sîp kàu chî-céng căi; arranged very perfectly. m̄ chî m̄ céng; all out of repair.

cèng761045 Disease; the causes and the symptoms of disease.
pēⁿ-cèng; diseases. cèng-hāu; a malady. mn̄g cèng; to ascertain the symptoms; to diagnose a case. thóiⁿ cèng; consider the causes of the ailment. jīn cèng àiⁿ tīaⁿ, màiⁿ jīn tāⁿ cèng; in telling the symptoms, precision is essential, else you may confess to a disease you have not got. tōa cèng; a serious case. gūa cèng, lăi cèng; external and internal diseases. keng ngīam-kùe kâi cèng; a well understood malady. cí kâi cèng, úa keng ngīam-kùe cōi chṳ̀; I have treated many cases of this kind before. cí kâi pēⁿ-cèng iak-lîak cêk kâi gûeh cĭu hó̤ chŵn-jú, lṳ́ màiⁿ kiaⁿ; you need not be apprehensive, this ailment is one of which you may be well in about a month. sŭn cèng, ngêk cèng; a disease which follows or varies from the usual course of the disease; one which does or does not yield to treatment. kip cèng; acute diseases. kú cèng; chronic diseases. kín cèng; a violent attack. híam cèng; a dangerous attack. ngûi cèng; of a virulent type. cèng tăng căi; the ailment is very severe. cí īeⁿ cèng ío khin; this sort of ailment is not very severe. cía cèng kín-kip căi; this malady is of a very acute nature. sî cèng; season complaints. sî-lĕng cèng; cholera. un-mut cèng; a plague or pestilence. i sĭ lâu-sái cèng, lṳ́ màiⁿ khṳt i ùe tîeh; he has incipient cholera, do not you catch it from him. kám tîeh i kâi ùe khì, cĭu ŏi khṳt i kâi cèng ùe tîeh; if you absorb the exhalations from him, you will catch the disease from him. thâm-húe cèng; consumption. n̂g-sua cèng; jaundice. kó-cèng; dropsy of the bowels. lṳ́ thóiⁿ cí kâi cèng tì khṳ̀ sêng a būe? Do you consider that this disease has reached its climax? cèng sêng cĭu o̤h ui; a disease that has reached its climax is difficult to cure. cía cèng bô̤ ui; there is no cure for this disease. cía cèng hó̤ ui a m̄ hó̤ ui? Is this disease curable or incurable? thái-ko̤ cèng ŏi ùe tîeh nâng a bŏi? Is leprosy contagious? nín màiⁿ kiaⁿ, cí kâi pēⁿ cèng bŏi ùe nâng; you need not fear, this disease is not infectious. m̄ hó̤ khṳ̀ khṳt i kâi khì chong tîeh: cí īeⁿ cèng sĭ lĭ-hāi; you should not breath in the exhalations from his person and bedding: this disease is of a malignant type. khî cēng; kùai cèng; rare and strange diseases. pĭen cèng; to explain the nature of a disease. pìen cèng; to change the nature of a disease. saⁿ-câp-lâk cèng; the thirty-six varieties of disease. tîeh cèng; diseased. sí cèng; a deadly disease. ngĕ cèng; past all help by medicine. mn̄g cèng hwt îeh; attend upon and prescribe for. hng m̄ tùi cèng; this prescription is not applicable to that disease. mêh m̄ kah cèng; the pulse is not such as accords with the symptoms of that disease.

cèng1081096 All; a concourse.
cèng nâng; every one. cèng ūi; all of you gentlemen. kong cèng; the public in general. tăi cèng; the whole concourse. cèng mâk só̤ sĭ; cèng mâk cio-cio; every eye saw it. tăi cèng ke; all of you. cèng nâng, cèng sṳ̄; mankind and the affairs of mankind. sĭm sĭ hâh cèng; very agreeable to all concerned. cí kâi nâng m̄ hâh cèng; this person is unpopular. kúaⁿ put têk cèng; one is no match for many. cèng hieⁿ-lí; all the villages. cèng hiaⁿ-tĭ; all the brethren. chut cèng; above the common. nâng châi chut cèng; more talented than ordinary people. pún-nía chut cèng; excels others in ability. koi cèng; the many in the streets. po cèng; those ordinarily in the market places. cèng phò hŏ; all the shops. hâng cèng; those in the warehouses. cèng kheh-siang; all the merchants. cèng cûn ciah; all the boats. cèng hâng-kháu; all the warehouses.

cèng7614912 To testify; to substantiate; to prove.
cèng-kìⁿ; to witness. cò̤ kang cèng kâi nâng; witnesses. cò̤ cèng-kìⁿ; be a witness. ŭ nâng hó̤ cò̤ kìⁿ-cèng; there are those who will testify to it. cèng-kṳ̆; proof. ŭ cèng ŭ kṳ̆; there is proof of it. cieh cèng; visible proof; circumstantial evidence. cò̤ cèng; use as evidence. cèng sît cí kĭaⁿ sṳ̆; adequate proof of this.

cèng1071159 To plant; to cultivate; to beget.
cèng hue, cèng chài, cèng chīu; to plant flowers, vegetables, and trees. cèng cúi-cháu; plant bulrushes. cèng kúe-cí; plant fruit trees. cí kò̤ châng pheⁿ-phah àiⁿ cèng cò̤ tĭu hó̤, a sĭ àiⁿ cèng cò̤ cìa hó̤, a sĭ àiⁿ cèng cò̤ hun-kuah hó̤? Have you decided that it is best to plant this ground to flax, to sugarcane, or to potatoes? cí kò̤ tī, hó̤ cèng ŭ kúi táu céng? How many pecks of seeds should be put into this lot? côiⁿ nâng cèng chīu, ău nâng cia im; the pioneers plant trees and their successors enjoy the shade. cèng co̤h; to till the soil. cèng îeⁿ-tāu; to vaccinate.

cèng76664 Politics; government; the departments or measures of a government; laws.
cèng sṳ̄; politics. cèng lĕng; governmental orders. cèng kà; official admonitions. jîu cèng, ngîak cèng; mild or harsh government. sĭen cèng; a righteous government. chit cèng; the sun, moon, and five planets. péng cèng; cip cèng; to hold authority. ngí-cèng; a counselor of state. cham ngí cèng-sṳ̄; a council of state. lŭn cèng; discuss politics. pù-cèng-si; pù-cèng-sài; the commissioner of revenue. hŏng cèng tăi hu; a government officer.

cèng9051492 To arrange satisfactorily; to settle terms; to adjust; to equalize; to fix on; to criticise; to compare; to collate; to edit.
cèng khî, cèng tīaⁿ-tîeh lío; a set time has been agreed upon. cèng mêng; to arrange an armistice; to make peace. cí pang cṳ íⁿ-keng chíaⁿ tōa mîaⁿ-sek kâi nâng cèng-cìaⁿ kùe; have already invited a celebrated personage to revise these books.

cêng273011 Denotes time past; usually; ever.
būe cêng; has not yet had. úa m̄ cêng; I never did. cêng a m̄ cêng? Has it ever yet been? hô̤ cêng m̄ sĭ? How is it that there has never been any? i m̄ cêng cìeⁿ-seⁿ; he has never been thus. būe cêng ŭ; has never yet had. cí kâi cêng, cí kâi m̄ cêng; this one has, but the other one has not. cêng khṳ̀ a būe? Has he ever been yet? cêng cîah a būe? Have you ever eaten any before? cêng lâi mē? Has he come? cêng cò̤ hó̤ a būe? Is it finished yet? i būe cêng ŭ; he has not yet had any. i m̄ cêng ŭ kíaⁿ; she has had no children, i būe cêng ŭ kíaⁿ; she has not yet had any children. cêng sîeⁿ kùe a m̄ cêng? Have you tested it? i m̄ cêng khîeh lâi; he has not brought it. i m̄ cêng khṳ̀; he has not gone. i m̄ cêng cò̤; he has not made any. úa m̄ cêng thiaⁿ; I have not heard. khá cêng cò̤ chin a bŭe? Has he yet engaged a wife? cêng tàⁿ kùe; I have said so already.

cĕng9891089 All; entirely.
cêk suaⁿ cĕng sĭ cîeh; the mountain was wholly of rock. cí kâi tī-hng cĕng sĭ suaⁿ; this country is all mountainous.hue-hn̂g lăi cĕng sĭ hue-bâk kúe-cí; the garden was filled with flowering shrubs and fruit trees. cí cùaⁿ nâng cĕng sĭ hó̤ kâi; these people are all good. cí cho̤h ūe cĕng sĭ cí cuang sṳ̄ kâi; this talk is all about this affair. cĭu jît cĕng sĭ sṳ̄; something is going on all day long. úa thiaⁿ tîeh cĕng sĭ lṳ́ kâi ūe; I understood that all that was said was said by you. thong-sin cĕng sĭ mô̤ⁿ; his whole body is covered with hair. cí kâi tī cĕng sĭ sua; this soil consists wholly of sand. cí kâi suaⁿ cĕng sĭ sêng-peh, bô̤ mih cháu; these hills are all covered with firs, and there is hardly any grass.

cĕng994858 Clear; to make clean; to purify.
cĕng-cĕng; limpid. khiet-cĕng; pure. cĕng chíu; to wash the hands of something. kang cĕng; to cleanse. khṳ̀ kàu kang-kang cĕng-cĕng; that which defiled is taken completely away. kang cĕng sĭ cía kâi; this is the clean and empty one. sói cĕng; wash so that none of the former uncleanness remains. sàu cĕng; sweep out clean.

cĕng9941755 To tranquilize; to keep in order.
uaⁿ-cĕng; well ordered. uaⁿ-cĕng tī-hng; restore peace to the country. tâng tìn-thâi lâi pōiⁿ cêk ùaⁿ ău, tī-hng cĭu ío uaⁿ-cĕng; after the general-in-chief came and put the country in order, it was more settled and peaceful. phêng-cĕng kâi tī-hng; a tranquil region.