A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/cham
— cham —
攙cham136417 To mix; to mingle.
àiⁿ cham jîeh cōi lô̤h khṳ̀? How much do you wish to mix in with the other? m̄ hó̤ cham tîeh pât mûeh; do not put anything else in with it. màiⁿ cham lâi cham khṳ̀; do not intermingle them. cham ke tíam-kíaⁿ lô̤h khṳ̀; mix in a little more of it. cham câu-câu; mingle them thoroughly.
參cham946289 To join for consultation; to be admitted to an audience; confused; to report against.
cham-cha, m̄ côi; unassorted. cham-cham cha-cha; incongruous. lṳ́ úa lâi cham-sîang; let us talk it over together. cham pài; visit a superior. cham tīo i kâi kuaⁿ; degraded him in office. càu cham; to memorialize upon. cham-kìⁿ; chîo-cham; go to a levee. cham-cìang; cham-hú; a colonel or post-captain. chíaⁿ cham; to request dismissal from office; to resign. pàng cham; to permit a visit.
慘chám9476111 Distressing; miserable; excessive suffering.
chi-chám; afflictive. chám căi; very greatly distressed. chám kêk; in the utmost distress. sĭm sĭ chám; in extreme misery. thiaⁿ i khàu khṳ̀ sĭm chám; heard him weeping bitterly. m̄ cai chám; unacquainted with sorrow. bŏi chám; not lacerated in feeling. chám chêng; inhuman. thóiⁿ tîeh chám; considered it distressing. khàu chám; to cry out because of suffering.
零chàm5451735 The last drops of a shower.
chàm-chùi; odds and ends; miscellaneous bits; leavings; fractions; remainders; residue. chàm-chàm chùi-chùi kâi, bô̤ chieh-ìo; what is left over is of no consequence. ôiⁿ tiang-sî cò̤ chàm-chùi khang-khùe; do odd jobs when you have nothing else to do. chàm-chùi khieh ka-nng; fractions may be gathered up into a whole. i ŭ chàm-chùi bōi a bô̤? Does he sell any at retail.
讒châm1314917 Treacherous; fawning.
châm chîn; a disloyal noble. cí kâi nâng sĭ tong a châm? Is this person loyal or disloyal? châm kâi sĭ mîaⁿ-ke khi-phìen, kù ka-kī, hāi hó̤ nâng: tong kâi sĭ kio i siang hẃn; the treacherous are skilled in deceit, and through love of self injure the innocent: the honest are the opposites of such. kang châm; treacherous. châm-chin kúi; a traitor. châm-chin chùi; treacherous lips, cham-chin chìe; treacherous smiles.
慚châm9476111 A feeling of shame.
châm-khŭi; mortified. ka-kī châm-khŭi; conscious of one's own defects, sim lăi châm-khŭi; cherishing a sense of shame. cí cuang sṳ̄ châm-khŭi căi; am very much mortified about this. bŏi châm-khŭi; not at all abashed. míen ēng châm-khŭi; there is no occasion for your being ashamed.
巉châm144617 A cliff; a high peak.
châm-ngâm; a cliff. châm-châm ngâm-ngâm; craggy. cí kâi suaⁿ châm-ngâm căi; this mountain is very precipitous, i kâi mīn seⁿ lăi châm-châm ngâm-ngâm; his features are very sharp. mīn châm-châm; has a rugged face.
kîaⁿ chăm-sia ío kṳ̆n, li ío o̤h kîaⁿ; to go across lots is nearer, and it is also more difficult walking. tùi cí-kò̤ chăm-sia chăm-sia kùe khṳ̀; cut across here diagonally. chăm-kah; diagonally opposite.
斜對chăm-chûah796 Nearly but not quite opposite.
cŏ̤ chăm-chûah tŏ̤ kò̤; sat facing but not in front of him. i kâi mn̂g kio i chăm-chûah; the two entrances are nearly opposite each other. chăm-chûah sie hìang; facing each other, but not quite in line. hṳ́ tîo hāng kio hṳ́ tîo koi chăm-chûah; the lane and the street are nearly but not quite conterminous.
嗆chām9703010 To peck, as a bird does.
chām kàu hueh lāu; pecked him so that the blood ran. chām kàu phìu phûe; pecked off the skin. chām tîeh i kâi mâk; pecked him in the eye. khṳt i chin-chām nŏ̤ ē cĭu cîah khṳ̀; it was eaten up by him at two pecks.