A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/cheng
— cheng —
韆鞦cheng-chiu981 A swing.
cheng-chiu pêⁿ; the frame from which a swing is suspended. thóiⁿ nâng phah cheng-chiu; see people swinging. peh m̄ cĭeⁿ cheng-chiu pêⁿ; could not climb into the swing. hwn-cheng-chiu; a whirligig. toaⁿ cheng-chiu; a swing for one person.
稱cheng761159 To designate; to give an appellation; to name.
cheng-hu; to designate by a name. thong cheng-cò̤ sin-seⁿ; are generally called Teachers. cṳ̆ cheng-cò̤ ŏi; called himself competent. ka-kī tho̤-khiam cheng-cò̤ ngô̤; with a pretense of humility called himself the stupid one. ké cheng-cò̤ siang-kheh; falsely gave him the title of merchant. cheng-hu nâng, hok sĭ ēng kùi jī, ēng cun jī, ēng lĕng jī; to compliment people by the use of the term Noble, or Honored, or Respected, before their names.
淸cheng995858 Pure; clear; to cleanse; cool.
cheng-khih; cheng-kiet; clean. sói cheng-khih; wash it clean. cheng-cheng khih-khih; perfectly clean. úa chìu kàu cheng-khih căi; I have scrubbed it very clean. cheng-cheng cĕng-cĕng; perfectly cleansed. cheng-cheng nē; very pure. cŏ̤ cheng; let it set till it is clear. thêng cheng; let it stand till it becomes clear by settling. cheng cúi; pure water. cheng tê; pure tea. cheng thng; clear soup. lṳ́ kâi chíu nah-sap, khṳ̀ sói cheng-khih; your hands are dirty, go and wash them clean. cheng-cheng pêh-pêh; spotless. m̄ cheng-pêh; not unblemished. sin ke cheng-pêh; an unsullied name. lṳ́ màiⁿ tó̤ sói cheng; do not try to excuse yourself for it. līo-lí cheng-chó̤; the whole matter is well arranged. cheng-cheng chó̤-chó̤; completely settled. ūe tàⁿ lâi m̄ cheng-chó̤; the subject is not definitely stated. sìo-búe hâiⁿ būe cheng; the balance is not paid in full. hâiⁿ cheng lío; paid in full. i seⁿ lâi cheng-sìu căi; he is very well formed. tăi cheng kok; China. cheng chîo; the present dynasty. cheng sim; pure hearted. cheng-lîang; cool. thiⁿ-sî cheng-lîang; the weather is agreeably cool. cîah cheng-lîang; to take cooling food. lṳ́ thóiⁿ tîeh cheng kuaⁿ-húe hó̤, a cheng sim-húe hó̤, a sĭ cheng hùi-húe hó̤? Do you think it is the liver, the heart, or the lungs, which requires medication? cìe úa thóiⁿ li tîeh cheng sĭen-húe cìaⁿ hó̤; according to my judgment, it is the kidneys which require to be acted upon. cheng-sîn; the cool of the morning. cheng sìo-bâk; settle an account. kâi gûeh cheng cêk tńg sìo; settle the account monthly. cheng sǹg mêng-pêh; reckoned in full. cheng ôiⁿ; quite at leisure. cheng-khih sìeⁿ; clean looking. cheng huang mêng gûeh; balmy breezes and moonlight nights. cúi cheng, kìⁿ cîeh; transparent depths of water. i kâi ke cheng, lṳ́ tîeh cai thóiⁿ kù i; his family is in reduced circumstances, and you should be considerate toward him. cò̤ cheng kuaⁿ; an upright judge. cheng lîam; clean handed. bw̄n tn̆g khoi cúi sói m̄ cheng; a thousand fathoms of river water would not wash it clean.
薰chèng21214014 To perfume; to scent; to impart an odor.
ēng phang-cháu chèng i phang; lay fragrant herbs among them, to impart a sweet odor. cía tê sĭ chèng hue kâi, chèng kaù cn̂g kâi hue bī; this tea has had flower petals mixed with it to scent it, till it tastes strongly of the flowers. m̄-hó̤ khṳt i chèng tîeh; do not let this take an odor from that. khṳt i kâu khì-bī chèng tîeh cū àiⁿ seⁿ pēⁿ; if you take in its exhalations, yon will become ill. cieⁿ-ló̤ pàng sieⁿ tói chèng lío bŏi seⁿ cù-thâng; put camphor into the box, and when it has imparted its scent, moths will not breed there. i kâi saⁿ-khó chèng kàu phang căi; her clothes are scented so as to be very flagrant.
烝chèng74866 To warm by steaming; heat what has before been cooked.
khioh khu cheng i sie; take it and warm it up by steaming it. kui i pàng tíaⁿ tói kò̤ chèng, cìa bŏi chìn; put it back into the pan and let it steam there then it won't get cold.
銃chèng1111676 Fire-arms; guns.
hàm phah thih kâi lâi phah kúi ki chèng; tell the blacksmith to make some guns. tōa chèng; a cannon. chèng kha; gun carriage. cêk bûe chèng; one cannon. kúi híang chèng; a revolver. lâk híang chèng; a revolver with six barrels. cí ki chèng hó̤ phah kúi híang? How many balls does this revolver carry? saⁿ-mn̂g-chèng; a petard. pàng saⁿ-mn̂g-chèng; fire a petard. âng-keⁿ chèng; evening gun-fire. jī chèng; the nine o'clock gun. thiⁿ-kng chèng híang lío; the sunrise gun has been fired. úa thiaⁿ-kìⁿ chèng kóng-cē-kìe; I heard the sound of a gun. cí-hûe tī-kò̤ kâi chèng kūang-cē-kìe; this moment a gun sounded somewhere. chèng-kíaⁿ; a pistol. chèng-cí; shot. chèng-îeh; powder. chèng kâi hûe-hĭⁿ mn̂g; the touch-hole. chèng khang; the bore of a gun. cang chèng phah sí i; took a gun and shot him dead.
chèng ceh a m̄ chèng ceh; suited or unsuited to the position. i īa sĭ lâi lí cí kĭaⁿ sṳ̄ cū chèng ceh, īa sĭ khṳ̀ lí hṳ́ kĭaⁿ sṳ̄ cū m̄ chèng ceh; if he undertakes to manage this case it is consonant with his duty, but if he enters into that one he dishonors his office. cí kĭaⁿ sṳ̄ chèng ì căi; this is very satisfactory. m̄ chèng ì; unsatisfactory.
情chêng996618 The feelings; the circumstances or facts of a case.
huaⁿ-hí, seⁿ-khì, pui-ai, kiaⁿ-kŭ, ài-sieh, ló-hṳ̆n, sim só̤ àiⁿ, kìe-cò̤ chit chêng; joy, anger, grief, fear, love, hatred and desire, are called the seven passions. chêng mīn; feeling expressed in the face. thóiⁿ i kâi chêng mīn; observe the expression of his face. chêng hūn; a fellow feeling. èng chêng; treat kindly, nâng-chêng; kindness. cò̤ nâng-chêng khṳt i; do him a favor. i kâi cò̤ sṳ̄ m̄ kṳ̆n nâng-chêng; he does not do things in a kindly way. sai-chêng; private desires. tho̤h chêng; claim a favor. m̄ cai nâng-chêng; shows no gratitude for favors. ŭ nâng-chêng tŏ̤ i kò̤; he is under obligation to me for favors. i m̄ pat nâng-chêng; he is not susceptible to the influence of kindness. kì-lĭam i kâi nâng-chêng; recollect his kindness. i ŭ nâng-chêng tŏ̤ náng kò̤, náng tîeh ŭ nâng-chêng khṳt i; he has done us favors, and we must return them. jw̆n tàⁿ, tàⁿ bô̤ nâng-chêng; what is thoughtlessly said is unkindly said. tàⁿ nâng-chêng; plead for favor. sì-chêng; the circumstances. phûeh sì-chêng kâi sṳ̄; talking about matters of fact. nâng-kheh chêng; hospitably inclined. sîn-chêng; remarkable aptness. ŭ chêng; to̤ chêng; grateful. bô̤ chêng; po̤h chêng; ungrateful. chêng îu; the causes. chêng cak; the facts. chêng-hêng; the aspect of the case. ŭ chêng-lí; that is reasonable. i cĭn chêng căi; he shows the utmost gratitude. sît chêng; the real circumstances or incidents. i chŵn bô̤ châi-chêng; he is very unfeeling. tōa châi-chêng kâi nâng; a person of deep feeling. úa chêng-ngw̆n cò̤; I am willing to do it. i kam-sim chêng-ngw̆n; he is wholly cordial in his assent to it. lṳ́ m̄ chêng-ngw̆n li m̄ àiⁿ; if you are unwilling I do not wish it. i kâi hiaⁿ-tĭ-chêng hó̤ câi; their fraternal regard is very admirable. chŵn bô̤ phêng-íu chêng; has no friendly feeling. cò̤ chêng cē; be kindlier. chêng, lí, huap, saⁿ kĭaⁿ, chiet-ìo tîeh hío; the facts, the principles, and the law, must all three be clearly understood.
剩chēng772189 An overplus; a residue; a surplus.
úa ṳ̆ ŭ chut chēng tŏ̤-kò̤; I have provided more than will be needed. téng-tîeh ío ŭ chut chēng; there is by weight more than the required amount. ṳ̆ chim-chēng tŏ̤-kò̤; there is a greater depth given to it, than will be necessarily occupied. tī-hng ío khùaⁿ-chēng; the space is wider than we need occupy.
閂chēng7861691 A wooden bar, used to fasten doors; to bar with a wooden bar.
mn̂g chēng; bars for fastening doors. tît chēng; a vertical bar. hûeⁿ chēng; a cross-bar. chēng theng; bar the window. chēng síam; bar the folding doors.
chēng chù; outhouses. hía chù sĭ toaⁿ pôiⁿ chēng chù, a sĭ sang pôiⁿ chēng chù? Has that house a row of small buildings on one side only, or on both sides? sì cūe chēng chù; four rows of side buildings.
穿chēng1191164 To wear; to put on clothing.
chēng saⁿ-khò; wear clothes. chēng bûeh, chēng ôi; wear stockings and shoes. chēng phâu; wear a cloak. chēng o̤ kùa; wear a long tunic and a short one. chēng khṳ̀ sò-sò; dressed plainly. chēng khṳ̀ phâi-chîang; dressed elegantly. ŭ sin chēng; have enough to wear. lâi chēng ío hó̤ thóiⁿ; dress more becomingly. chēng khò-kûeh; wear short trowsers. chēng bé-kùa; wore a riding jacket. chēng khò-thùi; wore leggins. ūaⁿ-chēng gût saⁿ-khò; put on one's night clothes. sin tèng kâi saⁿ-khò kîam lío, thǹg tīo khṳ̀ sói; the clothes you are wearing are soiled, take them off and wash them. khîeh sói-cíaⁿ kâi lâi chēng; get clean ones and put them on. úa bô̤ chēng saⁿ; I am undressed. táng úa chēng saⁿ lío cìaⁿ chut lâi; wait till I am dressed and I will then come out. hó̤ khṳ̀-chēng saⁿ; go and put on your jacket.