A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/chiu
— chiu —
chun, hē, chiu, tang; spring, summer, autumn, and winter. lîp chiu; the first day of autumn. chiu thiⁿ-sî; in the autumn. chiu khùi; the autumnal season, chiu lîang; autumnal coolness. chiu ău; the latter part of autumn, chiu sím; the autumnal assizes. chiu kuaⁿ; the officers of the Board of Punishment. cêk jît, sam chiu; the day seemed as long as three years. chiu-siu; the late harvest. chiu sng; autumnal frosts. 鬚chiu81819012 Beard; whiskers; tassels; fringes.
pêh chiu; gray beard. chiu chang-pêh; his beard is hoary, o chiu; black bearded. âng
chiu; red bearded. lâu chiu; let the beard grow, thì chiu; to shave off the beard, khoi chiu; to trim the beard. so̤ chiu; to stroke the beard, jûe chiu; to twirl the beard. lût chiu; to fondle the beard. cīeⁿ tûn kâi chiu kìe-cò̤ cīeⁿ-lîam; the beard on the upper lip is called a moustache. hô-chiu; whiskers. ĕ pŏ chiu; the beard under the chin, nŏ̤ phuah chiu; moustaches. ngŏ pŏ chiu; moustaches, side whiskers and goatee. cèng chiu; start a beard. ní chiu; jíam chiu; dye the beard, chiu hi-hi; his beard is very thin, chiu khah câk; his beard is too thick. chiu kùe lîam a m̄ kùe lîam? Do the moustaches join in the middle of the upper lip or not? chiu lâu khí lâi ngía căi, cheng-sìu cheng-sìu; his beard is very handsome and of just the right thickness. chiu lâu khí lâi khah seⁿ suah; his beard gives him too fierce a look. ngio ŭ chiu; cats have whiskers. cai chiu; to put on a false beard. hue-sim kâi chiu; the stamens of a flower. bêh-sui chiu; the awn of wheat. hêⁿ chiu; the feelers of a prawn. chuah tîeh i kâi chiu; jerked his beard. kúi tîo ka-cûah chiu; has a few spears of beard, like a cockroach. bō̤ chiu; the tassel on a hat. cêk phau chiu; a tassel. sì phau chiu kīe; a sedan with tassels at its four corners. nîe-sùaⁿ ài cò̤ cêk în chiu, a nŏ̤ în chiu? Do you wish the parasol to have one row or two rows of fringe on it? hṳ́ búe tùe cêk phau chiu; there is a tassel on the end of it. sang kha sang chiu côi kâi tek-sut; a cricket with legs and antennæ of the same length. chiu lă tîeh cū sie kă; they joined their antennæ and fought.初chiu91185 The beginning of the month.
chiu it; the first day of the month. chiu sûn; the first ten days of the month. ău kâi gûeh chiu; during the first third of month after next. 贖chíu78115415 To redeem; to take out of pawn; to ransom.
chíu mûeh-kĭaⁿ; to take a thing out of pawn. chíu nâng; ransom a person. chíu-tńg cêk cho̤h châng-hn̂g; lift a mortgage from fields. cí koiⁿ chù úa àiⁿ kio i chíu, i m̄ hàuⁿ; I wished to take up the mortgage on this house but he would not consent to it. chíu khí lâi, ēng jîeh cōi lāi cîⁿ? What will be the interest to be paid in taking up the mortgage? khah māng khṳ̀ chíu cĭu tn̆g khṳ̀; if you defer the redemption of the property too long, it will become the property of the occupant. 鼽chíu4172092 To sneeze, as one does with a cold in the head.
úa thiaⁿ-kìⁿ ŏi phah ak-chíu, khì sĭ thong lío; I hear him sneezing, and so he can now breath through his nose. i chíu-chíu-kìe, cêk lîen cū phah ku-ā kâi ka-thì; he kept sneezing, and sneezed several times in succession. 醜chíu5216410 Abominable.
măuⁿ-chíu; ugly. chíu-lŏ; ill-looking. chíu sṳ̄; disgraceful conduct. 手chíu754640 The hand; the arm.
cêk ciah chíu; one hand. sang chíu khîeh; take it in both hands. ĭu chíu; cìaⁿ chíu; the right hand. có̤ chíu; tò̤ chíu; the left hand. chíu ĕ; dependents. chíu ĕ hŵn ŭ kúi kâi a tĭ; he has several brothers younger than he. chíu cīeⁿ hŵn ŭ a hiaⁿ mē? Have you any brothers older than yourself? thóiⁿ tîeh bô̤ nâng tŏ̤, cĭu lô̤h chíu; seeing that there was no one else present they attacked him. khui chíu; to begin work. chíu peh m̄ khui; he cannot open his hand. khí chíu; to raise the hand. tī-tîang soiⁿ khí chíu? Who first lifted his hand? kṳ́ chíu; vote by show of hands. kṳ́ chíu bô̤ hûe tăi cĭang hu; when it is once settled there is to be no retraction. chíu cíeⁿ; chíu tói; the palm of the hand. chíu-cńg-thâu; chíu cóiⁿ; chíu búe; the fingers. póiⁿ káu chíu; to put one's hands behind one. chíu-cńg-thâu chun chut lâi io ŭ tn̂g tó̤; all the fingers are not of the same length; all people cannot be equals. bûa chíu phûe kâi cîⁿ; money that is hardly earned. chíu-tói hûn; the lines in the palm. chíu cok; hand and foot; brothers. chíu-cńg-kah; finger nails. chíu-cóiⁿ-cak; finger joints. chíu-thn̆g; the elbow. chíu-wt; the wrist. chíu-mâk; the wrist bone. á cîh chíu-kut; to break the arm. á chíu-kut kâi cîⁿ; money gotten by very hard work. chíu-pì; the arm. chíu-pì-pà; the fore-arm. chíu khûn; the fist. chíu ngân; his hands are cold. lîah i lâi phah chíu-tói; seize him and ferule him. phah chíu khûn; to box. îu chíu hàuⁿ ôiⁿ; the idler loves to loaf. sok chíu; chah chíu; to fold the arms. khang i kâi chíu; take hold of his hand and lead him. sie khang chíu; to clasp hands. chíu gōi; handicraft. pêh chíu sía; wrote it off hand. cò̤-chíu cò̤ lâi hó̤ căi; the workmanship is very fine. sĭm sĭ kek chíu; it is very difficult to do. saⁿ ciah chíu; a shop lifter. sŭn chíu khîeh lâi; bring it as you come along. cêk chíu kùe cêk chíu; to pass from hand to hand. kàu cí-kò̤ lâi ŭ ngŏ lâk chíu; it has passed through several hands before. ĕ-chíu sêng cīeⁿ-chíu; the subordinate becomes the superior. kùe chíu; to transfer. thau m̄ kùe chíu; did not succeed in stealing it. úa m̄ chap chíu; I had nothing to do with it. màiⁿ lâi chap kha chap chíu; do not meddle in it in any way. kok chíu; a great doctor. láu chíu; an old hand. cheⁿ chíu; a raw hand. sêk chíu; an expert. îe chíu; to make the gesture which indicates negation. iah chíu; to beckon. chun chíu; to stretch forth the hand. khûe chíu; a withered arm. cí ciah chíu bŏi tin-tăng; I cannot move this arm. soiⁿ khí chíu ûi khîang, māng khí chíu cau iang; who first begins overcomes, who last begins comes to grief. cang chíu tó̤ pí; is gesturing. cò̤ chíu hì; dress the hands and use them in performing as puppets. i kam tàⁿ sĭ câp chíu poih kieh; he would make you believe he is a monster. mîaⁿ chíu; a famous workman. hût-chíu; the five fingered citron, called Buddha's hand. phóng chíu; to join the palms of the hands. i kâi chíu tó̤ phah pa-cíeⁿ; he is clapping his hands. kûe kha kûe chíu; it is in the way. tìn kha tìn chíu; make room for work. thóiⁿ tîeh sĭ cêk chíu pit; I should think it all the same hand writing. sit chíu ka-lâuh khṳ̀; let it fall from his hand. chíu-lap; chíu-thàu; gloves. chíu-kṳn; a handkerchief. chíu-pò; a napkin. chíu-hŵn; a bracelet. chíu-cak; a finger ring. i kâi chíu kùa kâi pang-cí; he wears a thumb ring. chíu kùa tâng-cóiⁿ; wearing a brass thimble. chíu teng; a hand lamp. chíu-ńg; sleeves. chíu-ńg kháu; the cuff of a sleeve. lâu chíu-cńg-kah; let the nails grow long. i kâi chíu-ceng sĭ cìeⁿ-seⁿ; that is the sort of work he does. kah nâng kah nâng kâi chíu sì; each person's handiwork is peculiar to himself. m̄ khéng pàng chíu; would not let go. bô̤ kò̤ hó̤ lĭm chíu; nothing to use as a rest for the hands. ēng tîeh khah áu chíu; too difficult to handle. tîⁿ kha, cak chíu; an entanglement; encumbrances. tùn chíu kâi 1ói-sìo; the custom of shaking hands. sang chíu ip-că; to shake hands in Chinese fashion. 擦chíu9406414 To scour; to scrub.
ēng sua chìu cìaⁿ cheng-khih; scour it with sand and then it will be clean. chìu khí; to brush the teeth. chìu kût-kût; scour it smooth. chìu kng-kng; scour it bright. chìu kàu pêh-pêh; scour it white. chìu kàu so̤h-so̤h-pêh; scrub it till it is of snowy whiteness. chìu kàu tn̆g tíam nah-sap; scrub it till there is not the least speck of dirt left on it. chìu sói; scrub with water. chìu hiang-pûi-cău; scrub it with soapberries. mûeh seⁿ îu, chìu tê-kho cìaⁿ chìu tit khṳ̀; it is oily, scrub it with tea-seed-cake and you can scrub it clean. cài chìu ke kùe; scour it over again. chìu m̄ khṳ̀; cannot scrub it off. chìu tit khṳ̀; can scrub it off. chìu phùa khṳ̀; scrubbed it into pieces. chìu kàu chíu sng; scrubbed till my hands were tired. 售chîu256308 To sell; to dispose of.
hwt chîu; to be disposed of. ŭ lâi móng mûeh chut chîu; a certain thing is now in market. chîu-bōi; sell off. 囚chîu811312 To imprison; a prisoner.
chîu-hŭam; a felon. chîu-kìm; to imprison. 酬chîu511646 To repay; to requite; recompense.
chîu ṳn; to return a favor. chîu sīa; to return thanks, especially by a return present. chîu-tap tăi ṳn; acknowledge a great favor. chîu sîn cò̤ hì; acknowledge the favor of the gods by giving a theatrical performance. èng-chîu tōa; make large compensation. chîu-lâu; a reward of merit. 仇chîu5292 Enmity; to revenge.
chîu-jîn; an opponent. chîu-têk; an enemy. kak chîu; mutual enmity. cîaⁿ chîu; take vengeance. hîap hṳ̆n sêng chîu; to settle a blood feud. pò̤-chîu; to retaliate. ṳn cang chîu pò̤; return evil for good. hîap chîu; take revenge. tì chîu tì hṳ̆n; leads to enmity and hatred. wn-chîu; a grudge. chîu-hṳ̆n; to detest. sì-chîu; hereditary enmity. 樹chīu7777512 A tree.
cêk câng chīu; one tree. chīu sin; the trunk of a tree. chīu kī, chīu hîeh, chīu kṳn, chīu-phûe; the branches, leaves, roots, and bark of a tree. chīu búe, chīu kha; the top and the foot of a tree. chīu thâu; the stump of a tree. tōa chīu, chīu kíaⁿ; old trees and saplings. chīu-lîm; a grove. ko chīu; dwarfed trees. chīu nî; the resin or gum of trees. ciap chīu; to graft trees. chīu-bâk; shrubbery. ū câng tōa chêng-chīu hó̤ cia im; there is a large banyan to shade them. chīu tōa pun a; the tree grows and puts forth branches.