A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/ciam
— ciam —
尖ciam977423 Tapering; pointed; sharp.
téng ciam căi; very sharp. ciam-lāi; acute. kha ciam chíu ìuⁿ; tapering feet and delicate hands. cńg-thâu ciam-ciam; tapering fingers. siah kàu ciam-ciam; whittle it down to a point. bŏi ciam; blunt. so̤ kàu ciam-ciam; roll between the thumb and finger to a sharp point. pit-ciam; the point of a pen. so̤ ciam tĕⁿ ìuⁿ; roll and squeeze down, as women do their bound feet. mîaⁿ-ke so̤ ciam tĕⁿ ìuⁿ; expert in shaping bound feet; one who possesses great tact. ciam taⁿ; a carry- ing pole. chùi ciam-ciam; a needle shaped snout.
粳ciam3221197 Water-grown rice.
ciam bí; common rice. tōa ciam; large rice. n̂g ciam; yellow rice. ēng cût bí a ēng ciam bí? Do you use the glutinous rice or that which is not glutinous? cham khah cōi ciam bí; mixed in too much of the water-grown rice.
占ciam43253 To divine; sortilege.
ciam khùe; divination. ciam kâi khùe thóiⁿ hó̤ a m̄ hó̤; discern the omens and see whether they are favorable or unfavorable. cí kâi khùe ciam khṳ̀ m̄ lêng; this was a false prediction. ciam thien-bûn; auger from observation of the stars.
沾43855 Obliged, benefited; to participate in; to be a recipient; to enjoy.
ciam i kâi kuang; had the benefit of his light; got it through his favor. tîeh ŭ hó̤ khṳt nâng ciam kuang cìaⁿ hó̤; it is well if you have any way whereby you can help others.
斬cíam12697 cíam-côih; smoothly and evenly cut or wrought out; regular and straight; clean-cut. cò̤ khṳ̀ cíam-côih căi; made very evenly. chù khí kàu cíam-cíam côih-côih; the house is built with straight lines and correct angles. i kâi ôi cò̤ lâi lah-hah, m̄ cíam-côih; his shoes are clumsily made, and are not nicely shaped.
佔cìam4596 To encroach; to usurp.
pà-cìam; to invade and take possession of. cìam pâng-î; take advantage of to one's own profit. cìam tī; encroach on another's land. cìam khuah; to encroach beyond the boundary.
探cîam853648 To search for with the hand.
cîam kàu khang tói-tói; feel for it at the very bottom of the hole. tŏ̤ láng tói cîam chut lâi; felt for and found it in the bottom of the bag. cîam tîeh hṳ́-tói căi-seⁿ-īeⁿ? How does the inside of it feel? chíu khah tōa, cîam m̄ jîp; my hand is too large, I cannot thrust it in.
暫cĭam9467211 Temporary; briefly; for the time being.
cĭam sî; for a little while. cĭam sî cîaⁿ kú sî; the temporary has become the permanent. cĭam ēng sù sî; make use of temporarily. úa cĭam nā cí-kò̤; I shall stay here but a little while. cĭam cŭ; a brief stay. cĭam khĭa-khí; a short residence. cĭam chíaⁿ jím i; please be patient with it a little while. pńg-pńg sĭ àiⁿ cĭam kâi; originally desired to take a temporary one. cí hûe bô̤, chíaⁿ cĭam cē; there is none at this moment, please defer an instant. cĭam thàng; earn in the interim. taⁿ chíaⁿ cĭam ēng. ĕ-jît cìaⁿ lâi bói hó̤ kâi; kindly make use of this for the time being, and afterward a better one can be purchased. hó̤ cĭam m̄ hô̤ chîang; it will do temporarily, but not permanently. cĭam cîah; stay the stomach meanwhile.
漸cĭam9798511 Gradually; by degrees.
cĭam-cĭam lâi; came on gradually. cĭam jîp kia-kéng; it becomes more picturesque as you proceed. sŭn sŭ, cĭam cìn; advancing in regular cĭam tōa; gradually increase in size. cĭam sòi; gradually diminish. cĭam-cĭam bô̤ khṳ̀; gradually disappeared. cĭam-cĭam tĭⁿ; gradually filled to the brim. cĭam-cĭam khó̤; gradually ebbs. cĭam cĭam îⁿ; waxes slowly to the full. cĭam-cĭam khí; gradually ascends. cĭam-cĭam kûiⁿ; gradually mounts up.