Open main menu

A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/ciang

— ciang —

ciang967418 A sign of the future; about to; a leader; regarding; considering.
ciang cĭu; presently. ciang lâi; in the future. ciang kàu; close upon. ciang àiⁿ cîah; about to eat. i ciang àiⁿ khṳ̀; he is about to go. ko-ciang; it will do. jît ciang àm kâi sî-hāu; when it was nearly dusk. ciang sí; about to die. ciang jû cṳ hô̤? What can be done? ciang jîp mn̂g; about to go in at the door. ciang-kun; a commandant. tăi-ciang-kun; commander-in-chief. pá-ciang; in regard to. pá-ciang cí kĭaⁿ sṳ̄, kio i tàⁿ; tell him concerning this affair. i pá-ciang lṳ́, cò̤-nî kẃn-thăi? As for you, how did he treat you? thóiⁿ i pá-ciang cí kâi sṳ̄ cò̤-nî cò̤; see what he will do in regard to this matter.

ciang22578 To display; to publish abroad; to boast of; to make much of.
khai-ciang; to display, (as new goods). khua-ciang; boastful. kuai-ciang căi; very cross-grained, cí kâi a-noⁿ-kíaⁿ khah kuai-ciang; this child is very cross. ciang-îang; to bruit abroad. ŭ cú-ciang, bô̤ cú-ciang; there is or is not a way to bring it about. sin khai-ciang; newly displayed. mêng mâk ciang táⁿ; it was done openly. ciang221176 Statutes; rules.
ciang thîaⁿ; by-laws. thû-ciang; an instrument to stamp orders with. khek kâi thû-ciang; engrave a stamp. cìe kū ciang; according to the old regulations. hìang ciang; the present regulations.

cíang23648 To rule; to direct; to oversee.
i tó̤ cíang-kẃn; he holds jurisdiction. sĭ tī-tîang tó̤ cíang sṳ̄? Who has the direction of the affair? sĭ i tó̤ cíang kà; he is the one who issues the directions. cíang-kūiⁿ; the book keeper. chṳ̂ put cíang piaⁿ, ngĭ put cíang châi; compassion will not control soldiers, and justice will not administrate wealth.

cíang271680 Senior; to grow; to prosper.
cíang-cṳ́; the eldest son. seⁿ cíang tŏ̤ cí-kò̤; was born and reared here. i íⁿ-keng cíang-sêng lío; he is already grown up. ke-cíang; the head of the family. cun-cíang; a venerable person. cíang-láu; an elder; a veteran. cíang pâng cíang; the eldest in the family of the eldest brother. cía hong-khì m̄ hó̤ cíang; this practice must not be suffered to continue. ē-jît cíang-cìn tîeh pat i, in-ûi būe cíang-cìn kâi sî-hāu tit i ŭ nâng-chêng; when we have grown prosperous we must recognize him, because before we became prosperous we received favors from him. cíang tha nâng kâi cì-khì; praised the other's good qualities.

cìang967418 A leader; to take charge of a force.
piaⁿ cìang; a military leader. tăi cìang; the chief leader. mîaⁿ cìang; a famous leader. lîang cìang; hó̤ cìang; a considerate leader. sío cìang; a youthful leader. lău cìang; a veteran leader. cìaⁿ cìang; chief of the staff. hù cìang; lieutenant commander. cham cìang; a brigadier general. phien cìang; a lieutenant. cìang kuaⁿ; army officers. hó̤-hàng cìang; renowned leaders. cìen cìang; warriors. pāi cìang; a defeated leader. méⁿ cìang; an impetuousleader. íong cìang; a brave leader. sîn cìang; an angelic leader. sĭang cìang; the superior officer. suah cìang; a veteran general. chut cìang, jîp sìang; a general in war, a prime minister in peace. cìang mn̂g cṳ cṳ́; of the breed of warriors. cìang lĕng; general orders. cìang piaⁿ; to lead the troops. cìang put kù sùe; insubordination; the generals not obedient to the commander-in-chief. hó̤ cò̤ cìang m̄ hó̤ cò̤ sùe; he will do for a general but not for a generalissimo. cìang thâi; a signal station. choiⁿ piaⁿ kōi tit, cêk cìang lâng khîu; it is easier to get a thousand soldiers than to find one general. ŏi tŏ̤ choiⁿ kun bw̄n bé tang chú tăi-cìang cṳ thâu, jû thàm lâng chú mûeh; he can take the head of a general out of the midst of an army, as you would take a thing out of a bag.

cìang2510911 A cataract forming.
lăi-ciàng; paralysis of the optic nerve. cheⁿ-mêⁿ lăi-cìang; stone blind. kim mâk lăi-cìang; bright eyed and stone blind.

cìang9683711 To commend; to enhearten.
cìang síeⁿ; to hold out rewards. chíaⁿ cìang; request that a testimonial may be offered. khua-cìang; to laud. cìang-síeⁿ kun-sṳ̆; reward an officer in the army.

cìang24508 hŭn-cìang; unreasonable; incoherent. hŭn-cìang kâi nâng; unreasonable people. hṳ́ cho̤h ūe tàⁿ chut lâi, cn̂g kâi hŭn-cìang kâi ūe; all that was said was utterly incoherent. hŭn-cìang kâi tong-si, màiⁿ chái i; he is an unreasonable creature, pay no heed to him.

cìang2410411 Noxious exhalations.
in-cìang kâi tī-hng; an unhealthy country. suaⁿ lâm cìang-khì; a malarious atmosphere.

cìang2517011 To separate so as to screen or protect. pó̤-cìang; a defense or protection.

cĭang2512 To measure; to survey.
cĭang tī; to survey land. cĭang thóiⁿ jîeh tn̂g; measure it and see how long it is. cĭang suaⁿ; measure wild land. cĭang châng; to survey arable land. jîeh cōi keng cĭang? How many chains is it in length? kok cĭang; the Emperor's father-in-law.

cĭang2593 To fight; weapons; to rely on.
tá cĭang; to fight. phah cĭang; to join in battle. pāi cĭang; defeated in battle. sèng-cĭang; victorious. phah pāi-cĭang; worsted in the fight. tá sèng cīang; victorious in the fight. cĭang lṳ́ kâi lâk; rely on your strength. úa-cĭang lṳ́; relies on you. cí kâi nâng hó̤ khàu-cĭang; this person may be relied upon. chŵn cĭang sìn-ngĭ; rely solely on his honor. cĭang i kâi sì; depend on his influence. kíaⁿ-jît cìaⁿ àiⁿ khui cĭang; to-day the battle will begin.

cĭang25753 A cudgel; to cudgel.
kúai-cĭang; a staff or crutch. cĭang cêk peh; give a hundred blows. sîen cĭang; an abbot's staff or crosier.