A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/co̤
左có̤1002482 The left side; depraved.
có̤ ĭu; left and right. có̤ pôiⁿ; on the left. có̤ chíu; the left hand. có̤ kha; the left foot. có̤ mâk; the left eye. có̤ sṳ ĭu sĭeⁿ; thinking of this way and that way. có̤ tău hok cèng; erroneous doctrines misleading many.
阻có̤881705 To impede, retard, or delay.
có̤-cí; put a stop to. có̤-keh; to hamper. có̤-tàng; to block the way. nûaⁿ-có̤ i; stand in his way. nûaⁿ-có̤ i màiⁿ; prevent his doing it. có̤ lāng; everything working against one. lṳ́ màiⁿ lâi có̤ úa; do not you come and hinder me. chíaⁿ có̤ cē; please delay a little. có̤ i m̄ cŭ; cannot stop him. cò̤-nî có̤ i to m̄ khéng hiah; whatever you do he will not stop. bô̤ có̤ bô̤ keh; without hindrances. bŏi có̤ bŏi thì, tît-tît cū khṳ̀ kàu hṳ́ kò̤; if there be no impediments we shall go straight there. pun huang-hŏ có̤-keh cìa ŏi cìeⁿ māng; we are so late on account of being hindered by the bad weather. kang-lâng híam có̤; came near being prevented by the difficulties in the way.
棗có̤953758 The Chinese date.
có̤ chīu; the date tree. âng có̤; red dates. o có̤; black dates. bît có̤; the sweet date. tōa có̤; the large date. suaⁿ có̤; wild dates. kieⁿ có̤; dates preserved with ginger. có̤-nî-ko̤; date paste. có̤ kuaⁿ; dried dates. sin tiah kâi có̤; freshly gathered dates.
佐có̤100295 To assist; to second.
có̤-câp-kuaⁿ; officers in a district magistrate's yamun, under the grade of second deputy. i sĭ kien chut khṳ̀ cò̤ có̤-câp; he has purchased a position elsewhere in a district yamun.
做cò̤100399 To make; to do; to act; to become; to effect; to be.
cò̤ saⁿ khò; make clothing. sĭ tek cò̤ kâi; it is made of bamboo. cò̤ kim a àiⁿ cò̤ ngṳ̂n? Do you wish it to be made of gold or of silver? hó̤ cang siah cò̤; you may make it of pewter. cò̤ hó̤ a būe? Is it finished yet? būe cêng cò̤; have not yet made it. cò̤ hó̤ lío; it is completed. tiang-sî àiⁿ cò̤? When are you going to do it? lṳ́ tó̤ cò̤ mîh sṳ̄? What are you doing? cò̤ kuaⁿ cò̤ hú; to hold office. cò̤ kuaⁿ màiⁿ cò̤ pui, cò̤ pui sĭu nâng khùi; if you are an official do not be a petty one, for if you are you will be subject to everybody's blame. cò̤ tit; ŏi cò̤ tit; ŏi nín cò̤ tit; it will do. m̄ cò̤ tit; it will not do. khó̤-íⁿ cò̤ tit; it will answer. tōa m̄ cò̤ tit; it will not do at all. cò̤ tit lâi; it can be done. cò̤ m̄ lâi; it cannot be done. mîaⁿ-ke cò̤ nâng; has the art of being popular. cìeⁿ-seⁿ le hó̤ cò̤ nâng; cìeⁿ-seⁿ le m̄-hó̤ cò̤ nâng! I won't stand such treatment from him! lṳ́ kâi mîaⁿ kìe-cò̤ sĭm mûeh? What is your name? cò̤ nâng-chêng; be obliging. lṳ́ khak-khó cò̤, cò̤ kàu hó̤-hó̤; you persevere in doing it, and do it very nicely. cò̤ m̄ cîaⁿ; unaccomplished. cò̤ tit cîa; bring to completion. cò̤ chin-cîaⁿ; effect a betrothal. cò̤ a būe? Is the betrothal accomplished? lṳ́ àiⁿ cò̤-nî cò̤? What are you going to do about it? i mih sṳ̄ bŏi cò̤; he can do nothing. náng lâi cò̤ chin hó̤ mē? Let us be relatives, shall we? lṳ́ khṳt úa cò̤ kíaⁿ ío khah sòi; you are too young even to be my child. cang cía cúa cò̤ cṳ-cheh phûe; take this paper for the cover of the book. i cang cṳ-cheh cò̤ cím-thâu; he uses a book for a pillow. lṳ́ àiⁿ cang tī cêk īeⁿ pò cò̤ saⁿ? Which kind of cloth will you take to make into a jacket? pài i cò̤ sin-seⁿ; pay respect to him as to a teacher. cò̤ cin-seⁿ pĕ-bó̤ kẃn-thăi i; treat them as if they were your real parents. i hàm úa cò̤ bé kâi, úa ìn i cò̤ bé: i hàm úa cò̤ gû kâi, úa in i cò̤ gû; if he calls on me to act as horse, I act as a horse to him: if he calls on me to serve as ox, I serve him as an ox. lṳ́ cò̤ lṳ́ khṳ̀; go you along.
怎cò̤948615 Why? How? What?
sĭ cò̤-nî? What is the matter? m̄ cai cò̤-nî; do not know why. i cò̤-nî m̄ lâi? Why does he not come? lṳ́ cò̤-nî m̄ kâi úa tàⁿ? Why did you not tell me? i kâi pēⁿ sĭ cò̤-nî? What are his symptoms? sĭ cò̤-nî cìaⁿ tîeh? What should be done in the case? lṳ́ àiⁿ cò̤-nî cò̤? What are you going to do about it? i ŭ cò̤-nî tàⁿ a bô̤? Did he say anything about it? cò̤-nî? Why? úa cò̤ káⁿ? How dare I presume to do so? lṳ́ cò̤ káⁿ cìeⁿ-seⁿ? How can you thus presume? m̄ káⁿ cò̤-nî īeⁿ; dare not do any thing. lṳ́ cò̤ ŏi? How can you? cò̤ bŏi? Why not? cò̤ m̄? Why should you not? cò̤ m̄ khṳ̀? Why should you not go. hía cò̤ hó̤? How can that be advisable?
槽cô̤9557511 A trough; a manger.
bé cô̤; a horse's manger. tṳ cô̤; a pig's trough. ngio cô̤; a cat's basin. káu cô̤; a dish in which a dog's food is placed. koi cô̤; a dish for fowls' food. lāu-bó̤ cô̤; an eaves trough.
造cŏ̤9541627 To make; to build; to fabricate; to compose.
siu kîe cŏ̤ lō; repair bridges and make roads. cŏ̤ cêk tîo kîe; build a bridge. cŏ̤ cêk ciu kîe; build a bridge having piers underneath. cí ciah cûn cŏ̤ jîeh cōi ngṳ̂n? What was the cost of building this ship? cŏ̤ kâi thah; build a pagoda. cŏ̤ kâi bé-thâu; build a pier. cŏ̤ húe-cûn; build steamboats. cŏ̤ bûn-cṳ; compose a dispatch. cŏ̤ sin-bŭn; edit a newspaper. cŏ̤ cṳ; compose books. cŏ̤ phŏ, cŏ̤ cheh; make records or lists. cŏ̤ cò̤ cêk tîo kua; compose a ballad. cŏ̤ kua, cŏ̤ khek; make songs. cŏ̤ cò̤ cêk chut hì; to compose a play. cŏ̤ cêk tîo ūe, cŏ̤ kàu ŭ ki ŭ hîeh; fabricated a complete yarn. cŏ̤ ngân, cŏ̤ gṳ́; a fabrication.
坐cŏ̤1002324 To sit down; sitting.
chíaⁿ cŏ̤; please be seated. lṳ́ cŏ̤; lṳ́ chíaⁿ cŏ̤; do not rise; pray keep your seat. cŏ̤ kú lío; I have made a long stay. cŏ̤ cē; do not hasten; stay a little longer. taⁿ íⁿ lâi cŏ̤; bring a chair and sit down. cŏ̤ kau-íⁿ; sit in a chair. cŏ̤ khàng-chn̂g; sit on a divan. cŏ̤ chia; go in a carriage. cŏ̤ kīe; go in a sedan chair. cŏ̤ cûn; go by boat. cò̤ sì-cìaⁿ; sit erect. bô̤ kò̤ hó̤ cŏ̤; have no place to sit down. cŏ̤ tang hìang sai; sit on the east facing the west. cŏ̤ tŏ̤ tìn-tang; sit in the middle. cŏ̤ tŏ̤ cêk pôiⁿ; sit on one side. sĭm-mih cŏ̤ hìang? Which way does it face? tùi-mīn cŏ̤; sit opposite. cŏ̤ cham-chûah; sit nearly opposite. tâng cŏ̤, phûeh ūe; sit chatting together. cŏ̤ lô̤h tò̤-chíu pôiⁿ ŭ cêk câng chīu; on the left there was a tree. cŏ̤ kam; in prison. cŏ̤ cŭe; undergoing punishment. hẃn cŏ̤; bring the crime on one's self, as a false accuser does. lṳ́ lâi cŏ̤ pàng úa sin-piⁿ; come and sit beside me. phŵn thúi cŏ̤; sit with the feet crossed, as Buddhist idols do. khîa bé cŏ̤; sit astride. cŏ̤ tŏ̤ kha-thâu-u; sits on her knee. khìo khí kha cŏ̤; sit with one foot on the other knee. lṳ́ cò̤-nî cŏ̤ lío ē-hái thèⁿ pàng kha-thâu-u kò̤? Why do you sit with your knee propping your chin? lṳ́ cŏ̤ lío kha màiⁿ chn̂g khí lâi; when you sit down do not draw your feet up on your seat. cŏ̤ kĕ bé; stand as when playing leap frog. cŏ̤ kâi bé; cŏ̤ kûiⁿ bé; stand with the legs far apart. cŏ̤ sîah; sit at table. cŏ̤ cîah suaⁿ pang; do nothing but eat till the mountain has fallen. cŏ̤ ūi; fills a station. cŏ̤ tōa ūi; sit in the chief seat. bô̤ cŏ̤ ūi; not entitled to a seat. bô̤ ūi-chṳ̀ cŏ̤; having no seat. cŏ̤ tn̂g; sit in court. cŏ̤ chîo; hold court. lṳ́ àiⁿ cŏ̤ pàng tī-kò̤? Where are you going to sit? úa lâi cŏ̤ pàng cí-kò̤; I will sit here. m̄ hó̤ cŏ̤ pàng hṳ́-kò̤; do not sit there. ŭ ôiⁿ lâi cŏ̤ phûeh; when you have leisure come and chat with me. ôiⁿ tiang-sî lâi cŏ̤; at leisure times come and sit here. àm-cĕⁿ lâi cŏ̤; secretly came for conversation with him. lṳ́ cìeⁿ kú to m̄ pat lâi cŏ̤; it is long since you have been here. bô̤ lṳ́ lâi cí-kò̤ cŏ̤; will not permit you to come here and sit. cŏ̤ tŏ̤ thô-ĕ; sat on the ground. cŏ̤ cêk tūi cêk tūi; sat in groups. cŏ̤ cêk lîet cêk lîet; sat in rows. cŏ̤ cêk tît cêk tît; sat in straight lines. cŏ̤ kûiⁿ kha bé-íⁿ thóiⁿ hì; sat on a high bench looking at the play. cŏ̤ tōiⁿ; sit on the throne. cŏ̤ sîen; sit in Buddhistic meditation. cŏ̤ i kâi ūi; superseded him.
助cŏ̤90195 To succor; to aid; to add strength to.
pang-cŏ̤; to aid. hŭ-cŏ̤; to assist. cŏ̤ sêng i kâi sṳ̄; aid in the accomplishment of his purpose. cŏ̤ lṳ́ cêk pì cṳ lâk; lend you a helping hand. toaⁿ sin, bô̤ nâng pang-cŏ̤; alone with no one to help him. cŏ̤ i kâi táⁿ; strengthen his courage. ŭ thang cṳ-cŏ̤ i, kèng hó̤; if you have the wherewith to aid him it is well. lṳ́ m̄ hó̤ cŏ̤-còng kíaⁿ-tĭ cìeⁿ-seⁿ; you should not thus indulge the children.
佐cŏ̤100295 A coadjutor : a vice-.
ûang-cŏ̤ cṳ châi; the talents of prime ministers. cŏ̤-câp-kuaⁿ; officers under the grade of second deputy in a district magistrates yamun. lăi cŏ̤ īa to̤ chiet-ìo; a helpmeet is also of great importance.
座cō̤1003537 A classifier of mountains, cities and large buildings; a seat.
cêk cō̤ sîaⁿ-tî; a city. cêk cō̤ thah; a pagoda. cêk cō̤ chù; a house. cêk cō̤ keng-bīe; a temple. cêk cō̤ suaⁿ; a mountain. côiⁿ cō̤, ău cō̤; front and rear buildings. tì-cō̤; a throne. seng cō̤; ascend the throne.