Open main menu

A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/cun

< A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones

— cun —

cun101912112 A bottle or flask.
hûi cun, po̤-lî cun; earthen or glass bottles. cêk kâi cun; a bottle. cúi cun; a water bottle. îu cun; an oil can. kúi ki cíu cun; several wine bottles. cun-thak; the stopper of a bottle. cun-thak pôih chut lâi; take out the stopper. cun sak miⁿ-miⁿ; cork the bottle tightly. cun chùi khîeh cúa sak miⁿ; take some paper and stop the mouth of the bottle tightly. cun kùa; the cover of a flask. cêk cun cíu; a bottle of liquor. cun hĭⁿ; the handle of a flask. ŭ lâng-ló̤ tùe tŏ̤ cun tói; there is a little adhering to the bottom of the bottle. tn̂g ăm cun; a long necked flask. cun tn̆g cheng-khih; rinse the bottle clean. khui cun; open a bottle. chò tò̤ jîp cun tói; pour the vinegar into the bottle.

cun1019419 To venerate.
cun-kèng; show respect toward. cun-tŏng i; evince esteem for. cun-kùi kâi nâng; an honored personage. bô̤ cun i cò̤ tōa; does not pay respect to him as to a superior. cun-hôk; be subservient through esteem. cía sĭ cun-cheng i kâi ūe; this language is used in expressing reverence for him. ŭ cun pui tōa sòi kâi lói-sìo; there are certain forms of etiquette appropriate between the high and the low, the old and the young. i m̄ cun i; he does not pay respect to him. lĕng cun; your father. cun kè; respected sir. cêk cun hût; a Buddhist idol. i keng lăi sai ŭ kúi cun lău-îa; in their temple they have several gods. cì-cun; the Emperor. cun cíang; elderly honored persons. cun i cò̤ tōa; treat him as your elder. hú-cun; the prefect.

cun101916212 To conform to; to follow orders.
cun huap-lût; obey the laws. cun mĕng; obey orders. cun kîaⁿ; carry out the instructions. lím cun; lím-lím cun; conform exactly. cun-chông i kâi ūe; carried out his directions. i m̄ cun; he does not comply. cò̤ mih sṳ̄ to̤ sĭ cun lói-huap; in whatever he does he acts in conformity with the regulations. cêk pôiⁿ cun tẁn, cêk pôiⁿ m̄ cun tẁn; partly followed the instructions and partly disobeyed them. kŭ cun; carry out all orders.

cún103158 To grant, permit, or allow.
cún a m̄ cún? Did he grant your request or not? cún lṳ́ khîu; grant your petition. cún i cìeⁿ-seⁿ kîaⁿ; permit him to do thus. úa ṳ̆-soiⁿ cún-pĭ hó̤ lío; I am already prepared to grant it. càu cún; the memorial is granted. pín cún kùe kâi; a petition that was granted.

cún1048510 A gauge; to adjust; exact; true.
ŭ cún ŭ sîn tīaⁿ-tīaⁿ tîeh-tîeh; made exact with water level and plumb line. cò̤ mih sṳ̄ ŭ cún-sîn; there are right methods for doing everything. úa cí kâi sî-ceng sĭang cún; this clock of mine is very accurate. cí kâi sî-pie cún a m̄ cún? Does this watch keep correct time? úa cí kâi sî-pie jû kèng cún; my watch is more nearly correct. cún-cún hó̤; exactly adjusted. cò̤ sṳ̄ ŭ tīaⁿ cún; do things by exact measurements. cìeⁿ-seⁿ cún tîeh; that is exactly right. lîah kàu cún-cún; hold it true. cìⁿ sīa khṳ̀ ŭ cún; the arrow was shot in a right line. i kâi cún-thâu hó̤ câi; its gauge is very perfect. cún hīn-khek sĭ ēng cò̤ tī-chín; now-a-days a plumb line is used instead of a water-level.

cùn102097 One of a thousand; remark able.
cùn-sìu; one of superior natural abilities; one preeminent among the many. i sĭ îu cùn-sìu kien kâi a sĭ ŭ tí-cṳ́ kâi? Was he appointed to office on account of his superior talents, or on account of his having taken a degree?

cùn813467 Steep; lofty.
kau suaⁿ cùn nía; precipitous mountain passes.

{{swatow entry|浚|cùn|813|85|7} An abyss.
cùn hô̤; to deepen a river. cùn hô̤ kêk; a deep bend in a stream.

cùn10011177 To stop from work, having finished the task.
tiang-sî cùn kang? When will the work be finished? cùn kang ău cū chíaⁿ sai-pĕ; after the work is finished, the master workmen will be invited to a supper. hŵn-lío būe cùn kang; have not yet finished the work. kang-thîaⁿ tōa căi, cò̤ ku-ā nî cìaⁿ cùn kang; it is a big job that it will take several years to finish.

駿cùn10191877 A stately, well shaped horse.
cùn-bé; noble steeds, of which Mah-wang of Cheu had eight. i kâi sìⁿ kut kuah cò̤ poih cùu-bé; the ribs of his fan had the eight steeds carved thereon.

cûn1201375 A boat or ship.
cêk ciah cûn; a boat. cûn ciah; vessels. tōa ciah cûn; large boats. cûn kíaⁿ; small boats. âng thâu cûn; junks. cêk pang cûn; a fleet. tō cûn; a ferry boat. húe-cûn; húe-lûn-cûn; steamboats. cìen cûn; a man-of-war. piaⁿ cûn; a gunboat. po̤h cāi cûn; a huckster's boat. kuaⁿ cûn; a mandarin's boat. sûn hô̤ cûn; a boat which patrols the river. ah cûn; guard boats. poih cíeⁿ cûn; eight oared boats. sam páng cûn; small row boats. pha hṳ̂ cûn; a fishing boat. ngŏ tó cûn; a cargo boat. kap-páng cûn; a sailing ship. lâk phâng cûn; a full rigged ship. cûn cú; the owner of the vessel, or its captain. cûn tèng kâi húe-tíeⁿ; the chief officer of a vessel. cûn tèng kâi tăi-kong; the steersman. cûn-thâu-kẃn; harbour master. lô̤h cûn; to embark. cĭeⁿ cûn; to disembark. sái cûn; to sail a boat. kîaⁿ cûn; run a boat, or be a sailor. theⁿ cûn, kò̤ cûn; to pole or to row a boat. ló cûn; to scull a boat. lîah cûn búe; to steer. tŏa cûn; to tow a boat. thóiⁿ huang sái cûn; to run a sail boat. khui cûn; start the boat. pâk cûn; tie up a boat. cùn phâng, cûn tŏa, cûn ûi; the sail, rudder and masts of a boat. cûn thâu, cûn búe, cûn tói, cûn po̤-kîⁿ, cûn po̤-mīn; the bow, the stern, the hull, the bulwarks, and the deck of a boat. cûn chng; the hatches. cûn cíeⁿ; an oar. cûn àiⁿ kò̤ cíeⁿ a àiⁿ sái phâng? Do you wish to row or to sail? kîaⁿ-cûn cáu-bé saⁿ hun mīaⁿ; sailors and couriers do not live out half their days. kîaⁿ-cûn, khĭa-phò put lî pùaⁿ pō; sailors and shopkeepers cannot leave their work by so much as half a step. cwn kò ciah cûn; chartered a boat. lâi tah cûn; came on board. tah m̄ tîeh cûn; missed the boat. châk cûn; a pirate vessel. lîah cûn; seize a boat. huang cûn; impress a boat. cĭeⁿ nâng cûn àiⁿ nâng cûn cáu; wish a speedy trip to the boat that carries you. tō cûu tah nâng kùe khoi; only a bearer of other people's messages. kîaⁿ cûn bô̤ thăi pĕ; no waiting even for a father. cûn tó̤ thìo; the boat is pitching.

cŭn3691206 To wring; to wrench by twisting.
úa cŭn m̄ tn̆g, lṳ́ lâi cŭn; I cannot wrench it off, you come and try. cía so̤h àu lío, cē cŭn cū tn̆g; this rope is rotten, and if you give it a twist it will break. saⁿ sói lío, cŭn ta-ta; wash the jacket, then wring it dry. pò cŭn m̄ ta, chit lío cū lok-lok; if you do not wring the cloth dry, the thing will still be dripping with water after you have wiped it. cŭn i kâi ăm; wring its neck. cŭn sí; to strangle by wrenching the neck.

cūn191707 A gust, blast, burst, or time; a shower; a short space; transitory; a little while.
cêk cūn huang, cêk cūn hŏ; a gust of wind, and a shower of rain. cêk cūn kng, cêk cūn àm; light and darkness alternating at short intervals. cêk cūn khui, cêk cūn bûa; recedes and approaches alternately. hía in cêk cūn cêk cūn lí-lí phû khí lâi; the smoke keeps rising puff after puff. cêk cūn thìaⁿ cêk cūn; the pain comes on in spasms of increasing violence. cūn sie, cūn chìn; first hot and then cold. cūn kûaⁿ, cūn jûah; chills and fever rapidly alternating. ni-cūn; the time when milk is secreted in the breast. i cí-hûe ni-cūn lâi, méⁿ-méⁿ phŏ̤ a-nôⁿ khṳ̀ cîah nĭ; the milk is now come in her breast, carry the baby quickly and let it nurse. cêk cūn jīo kùe lâi, cêk cūn jīo kùe khṳ̀; they drove each to and fro, as the fortunes of war shitted.