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A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/hien

< A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones

— hien —

hien196648 To raise slightly.
cí hîeh hien kùe lâi; turn over this leaf. hien phŭe; pull the coverlet over one. hien lîam; turn aside the curtain, as in entering a door. pang hien khí lâi; raise the board a little. hien m̄ khui; cannot lift it. hien khui khṳt i lā ta; raise it a little that it may dry in the air.

híen19918114 Conspicuous; manifest; to make plain.
híen-kháu; notable. híen-mîaⁿ; illustrious. cí ūi sîn ŏi híen; this god manifests himself. híen-mêng; clear. híen-hīn; plain. híen sin khṳt nâng thóiⁿ; take bodily shape so as to become visible to human eyes. cí ūi sîn-mêng híen-tău căi; this god is very efficient. híen-jîen; it is obviously so. híen chut i kâi chíu-tw̄n; manifested his dexterity. híen i kâi pún-nía; showed his ability. sîu-mêng pat híen sìaⁿ khṳt nâng thóiⁿ; the gods showed their power unto men. híen lêng khṳt i thóiⁿ-kìⁿ; manifested themselves to him. kong-mîaⁿ híen-tâk; his worth is widely known. híen-căi; now at present. kùi híen kâi nâng; distinguished people. sĭm sĭ híen-hek; is very glorious. híen-híen hek-hek; effulgent. bŏi híen; not apparent.

híen20017013 Dangerous; insecure; in jeopardy.
híen căi; perilous. cía sît-căi híen, ŏ̤! This is indeed hazardous!

hìen2019416 To offer respectfully, as in worship.
hŏng hìen; cìn hìen; to offer reverently. hìen cĭeⁿ; to present to a superior. hìen tê, hìen cíu; to offer tea and wine. hìen lói-mûeh; to present the customary offerings. hìen kòi-cheh; to proffer advice. hìen sîaⁿ kui hâng; surrendered the city and returned to their allegiance. kŭi hìen mûeh-kĭaⁿ; kneel and proffer something.

hìen2016112 Governmental; a ruler.
hŏng hìen sûn-chê; received orders to examine. sî-hìen-cṳ; the Imperial Calendar. hìen-thâi; Your Honors; (used in addressing officers of state). tăi hìen; the high authorities. kūiⁿ hìen; the district magistrate. hú hìen; the prefect. tău hìen; the Intendant of Circuit. tìn hìen; the chief of the military department.

hìen20516418 An offense; a grievance; a cause of quarrel.
sĭ i soiⁿ khí hìen; it was he who began the quarrel. sĭ tī-tîang soiⁿ khí hìen? Who gave the first cause of offense? bô̤ nâng káⁿ khí-hìen; no one dare furnish the pretext for a quarrel. côiⁿ tiang-sî ŭ hìen-khiah; there was a previous grievance. chîm hìen; seek occasion for a quarrel. tì-kàu ŭ hìen-khiah; led to a difference. pien hìen; a grievance relating to boundaries.

hìen109114920 To decide on judicial cases; to give sentence; to pronounce judgment.
hìen-kêk; the court; the assizes. hìen-kêk kò̤ sĭ tī kâi úi-ŵn tó̤ sím ùaⁿ? Which deputy-judge is trying the cases in this court?

hîen231950 Dun; obscure.
hîen-mêng-hún; glauber salts. sĭm sĭ hîen-bīo; it is very abstruse. hîen thien sĭang tì; the god of the somber heavens. thiⁿ tī hîen hûang; the dun heaven, and yellow earth. hîen siam; a weak sort of ginseng.

hîen1981694 An inclosure; a bar; to guard; to be trained.
hîen-sîp keng bé; train a cavalry horse. hûang-hîen kàu ciu-bâk; closely surrounded on all sides. i hîen-sîp cí kĭaⁿ sṳ̄; he is practised in such matters.

hîen1971548 A sage; learned; wise; superior.
hîen-jîn; sages. tăi hîen-jîn; a great sage. kó hîen; soiⁿ hîen; ancient sages. sî hîen; modern sages. hîen chîn; learned statesmen. hiên kun; a wise monarch. hîeh bó̤; your good mother. hîen tĭ; my good brother. hîen châi; hîen lêng; of superior abilities. hîen tek; exalted virtue. sìaⁿ hîen; exalted holiness. i ka-kī cṳ̆ sìaⁿ, cṳ̆ hîen; he is wise and holy in his own estimation. hieⁿ hîen; a village worthy. hîen sṳ put jû iah íu; a learned teacher is not so good as a helpful friend. put hîen chi, put hàu jî, bô̤ huap khó̤ lêng-tî; there is no rule by which you may govern an unworthy wife or an unfilial child. sái-jîp hieⁿ-hîen; elevate to a position among the village worthies.

hīen2011474 Now, at present.
hīen-căi; hīen-kim; at once; just now.