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A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/iⁿ

< A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones

— íⁿ —

íⁿ27893 Because of; by means of; in order to; from, to, in, at, wherein; the manner or instrument of.
só̤ íⁿ; thereby.
só̤-íⁿ úa m̄ káⁿ kîaⁿ khui; therefore I did not dare walk away.
só̤-íⁿ tîeh kṳ́n-sín; for this reason it is necessary to be careful.
khó̤-íⁿ; khó̤-iⁿ cò̤ tit; it will do passably.
àng cìeⁿ-seⁿ khó̤-íⁿ; that will answer the purpose.
íⁿ-ûi; to deem.
úa íⁿ-ûi khó̤-íⁿ sêng sṳ̄; I think the thing may be done.
i m̄ íⁿ-ûi sío-lí; he did not consider the disgrace.
sío-lí kâi sṳ̄ i íⁿ-ûi thí-mīn; what was disgraceful, he deemed honorable.
úa íⁿ-ûi sĭ lṳ́; I supposed it was you.
pīn cí-kò̤ íⁿ cīeⁿ; from this point upward.
chông chṳ́ íⁿ ău; from this point onward.
íⁿ ngĭ ûi lĭ; in integrity there is profit.
íⁿ gūa bô̤ pât-nâng; there was no one besides.
hô̤ íⁿ; whereby.
lṳ́ hô̤ íⁿ cai? What means of knowing have you?
íⁿ côiⁿ kâi sṳ̄ màiⁿ lŭn; do not discuss what is past.
pīn cí-kò̤ íⁿ ĕ to sĭ bô̤ ēng kâi; from this point on, they are all worthless.
íⁿ-tì cí kĭaⁿ sṳ̄ m̄ sêng; it is because of this, that the business failed of accomplishment.
to sĭ íⁿ sì-lĭ kau-chap; it is solely on account of worldly interests that he associates with them.
cṳ̆ kó íⁿ lâi būe pat thiaⁿ-kìⁿ; from former times this has not been heard of.
kù-chṳ̀ kà íⁿ cìeⁿ-seⁿ; therefore counseled in this manner.
sĭ íⁿ tîeh cai; consequently must know.

íⁿ1126667 An ancient instrument carved to resemble a recumbent tiger, having twenty-seven notches along its back : when a rod was rapidly drawn over it, the musical instruments stopped.
gâuh cē càu àiⁿ hiah cū khîa ki tek lâi kueh cí kâi íⁿ kâi ka-ciah; when the musical instruments were about to cease sounding, they took a bamboo and drew it to and fro across the back of the wooden tiger. íⁿ27998 To trust to; to rely on.
íⁿ-kŏ; to rely upon.
íⁿ năi;to depend upon.
íⁿ sì; rely on personal influence.

íⁿ278490 A sign of the perfect tense; already; to have done with.
íⁿ-keng sía lío; have written it already.
jît íⁿ kùe ngó; it is already past noon.
mêⁿ íⁿ chim lío; the night is already far advanced.
lṳ́ íⁿ-keng ìn-tap úa; you have already given me your answer.
úa íⁿ-keng kio lṳ́ tàⁿ ku-ā hûe; I have already told you several times.
jît íⁿ-keng ùaⁿ lío; it is already late in the day.
put tit íⁿ kâi sṳ̄; something that cannot be done otherwise.
put tit íⁿ tîeh thiaⁿ i; there is no other way but to do as he says.
íⁿ-jîen kâi sṳ̄; what is irrevocable.
put kùe àng cìeⁿ-seⁿ jṳ̂ íⁿ-íⁿ; only this and nothing more.

íⁿ279758 A chair; a seat; a couch.
cêk ciah kau-íⁿ; an arm-chair.
mîn-íⁿ; a couch.
bé cah íⁿ; a folding chair.
íⁿ tîo; a trestle.
íⁿ to̤h; a large square stool.
íⁿ-thâu; a stool.
pâng lăi chn̂g-íⁿ mûeh-kĭaⁿ; the bedroom furniture.
bô̤ íⁿ hó̤ cŏ̤; there is no chair to sit on.
châu íⁿ; arrange the chairs.
íⁿ châu khui cē; set the chairs a little farther apart.
châu íⁿ khṳt i cŏ̤; place chairs for them to sit on.
kûiⁿ kha bé íⁿ; a high bench.
tn̂g tîo íⁿ; a long bench.
kĕ íⁿ; a low chair.
íⁿ tĭen; a sofa cushion.
íⁿ phi; a tidy.
kau-íⁿ phîn; the back of a chair.
kau íⁿ chíu; the arm of a chair.
kau íⁿ tói; the seat of a chair.
íⁿ thek; íⁿ hūeⁿ; rungs of a chair.
tîn-íⁿ; rattan chairs.
cîeh chn̂g, cîeh íⁿ; marble tables and couches.

íⁿ10882717 The thorax of shell-fish.
hŏi íⁿ; the sternum of a crab.
pê-khî kâi íⁿ; the lower shell of a land-crab.
chìe kàu íⁿ thìaⁿ; laughed till my sides ached.

ìⁿ10908612 The house swallow or martin.
ìⁿ cío; the swallow.
ìⁿ tàu; swallows' nests.
pêh ìⁿ; a white martin.
o nêk ìⁿ; the ray.

薏苡ìⁿ-bí278 Pearl barley.
ìⁿ-bí-jîn; maise.
ìⁿ-bí mûeⁿ; barley water.
bói cho̤h khĭam-sĭt ìⁿ-bí lâi pû tṳ-kha; buy some water-lily root, and some barley to cook with the pigs' feet.

îⁿ11323110 Round; spherical; circular.
àiⁿ sì-pang a àiⁿ îⁿ? Do you want it square or round? ūe kâi îⁿ-kho; draw a circle.
cêk khuang îⁿ-îⁿ; a circular enclosure.
cêk khwn îⁿ-îⁿ; a vertical circle.
so̤ lâi m̄ îⁿ; in rolling it between the thumb and fingers you have not made it round.
îⁿ múaⁿ; rounded off; completed.
îⁿ-îⁿ múaⁿ-múaⁿ; quite finished up.
cêk tōa îⁿ; a large round object.
pùaⁿ îⁿ; a semi-circle.
tong îⁿ; a half a dollar.
ka cò̤ îⁿ kâi; cut it round.
i cò̤ sṳ̄ khah pang, i cò̤ sṳ̄ ío îⁿ; this one does things more precisely, the other does them the more accommodatingly.
àiⁿ îⁿ àiⁿ píⁿ sûi tó̤ i; let it be round or flat, as he chooses.
siah i îⁿ; whittle it off round.
îⁿ lòng-lòng; spherical, globular.

îⁿ24632 A pill; a pellet; a small ball.
kap cò̤ îeh-îⁿ; make it up into pills.
cîah cêk hôk îeh-îⁿ; take a dose of pills.
lâh-îⁿ; pills enclosed in wax.
lâh-îⁿ khak; the wax which encloses a pill.
hûa îeh-îⁿ; concoct pills.
so̤ îeh-îⁿ; roll up into pills.
cṳ̂-hún îⁿ; pellets made from potato starch.
cut-bí îⁿ; pellets made from glutinous rice.
mn̂g kha ŭ nâng bōi sie îⁿ; there is some one at the door selling hot pellets.
bô̤ îⁿ īa ŭ cap; though there are no dumplings there is some of the soup.
bô̤ îⁿ cap a lâi; though you cannot have the dumplings it is something to have the soup in which they were boiled.

ĭⁿ7821098 To sleep; to lie down.
i khṳ̀ ĭⁿ ló; he has just gone to bed.
cîah lío tīam-tīam ĭⁿ; having eaten, he sleeps undisturbed.

īⁿ10901127 An ink-stone.
pit bâk īⁿ; writing implements.
īⁿ hiaⁿ īⁿ tĭ; schoolmates.
láu kheⁿ īⁿ; bûa chwn thih īⁿ; a very fine inkstone.
cí kâi sĭ bâk īⁿ, hṳ́ kâi sĭ ngṳ̂n-cu īⁿ; this stone is for black ink and that is for red ink.
īⁿ kau; īⁿ tî; the furrow at the end of an ink-stone.
īⁿ tn̂g; the flat surface of an ink-stone.
īⁿ âp; the box which holds an ink-stone.

īⁿ11371707 A public establishment; a hall; an asylum; a walled enclosure.
pńg pŏ-īⁿ; I, the governor-general.
sûn-bú pŏ-īⁿ; lieutenant governor.
cṳ-īⁿ; a college.
khĭa cṳ-īⁿ; at college.
kàm īⁿ; take charge of a school or college.
tōa kùe kòng-īⁿ; bigger than an examination hall.
hâk-īⁿ; literary chancellor.
thî-tok hâk-īⁿ; a chancellor who conducts military examinations.
íang cì īⁿ; ku láu īⁿ; an asylum for the aged.
khṳt cí kâi àm-kwn jī-īⁿ tìn tīo tōa-bó̤-mûeh tī-hng; much ground is rendered useless by this monastery and its attachments.