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A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones/thong

< A Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of the Swatow Dialect, Arranged According to Syllables and Tones

— thong —

thong99314011 thong-cháu; the Aralia papyrifera*, found in Formosa and Yunnan, whose pith sliced into sheets and ironed out, furnishes the substance wrongly called rice-paper. châng-phàⁿ cū sĭ thong-cháu cò̤ kâi; pith-paper is made from this herbaceous plant.

thong9321627 To see clearly; to perceive; to make known to others; to have dealings or political relations with; to communicate.
i kâi tó lăi nĕ thong-thong; he is very clear-headed. hṳ́ khí nâng cn̂g kâi m̄ thong; such people do not take in the meaning at all. i cn̂g kâi m̄ thong chêng; he does not at all understand the state of affairs. cí lăi tîeh khui khṳt i thong huang cē; this must be opened to let the air in. phīⁿ sak kín, m̄ thong khí; my nose is stopped up so that I cannot breathe through it. cē phah ka1-thì khì cū thong; as soon as you sneeze the passages will be opened. i nŏ̤ nâng sĭ phah thong khṳ̀; the two have an understanding with each other. àm-cĕⁿ soiⁿ thong pīn; secretly came to an understanding with each other beforehand. úa àm-cĕⁿ thong lṳ́, lṳ́ cìaⁿ cai ṳ̆-pĭ; I give you an inkling of it, that you may prepare for it. thong-sṳ̄; an interpreter. i cò̤ thong-sṳ̄; he is the linguist employed in the transaction of business. thong cheng-cò̤ sin-seⁿ; are generally designated as teachers. lō-mn̂g m̄ thong; the way is not open. sṳ̄ tîeh ŏi pìen thong; the thing must accommodate itself to circumstances. thong tâk sì-chêng; well versed in affairs. i khṳ̀ thong-tâng i; he went and informed then. sie thong; intercommunicating. thong cai; to notify.

thóng1104016 To think much of.
hṳ́ kâi sĭ i cùe thóng-ài kâi chiap; that is his favorite concubine. hṳ́ lăihùaⁿ nâng cū sĭ cí kâi sĭang tit thóng; of all those in there this is the one that is most beloved.

thóng1073210 A sepulcher.
bói cêk kò̤ tī cò̤ ngĭ-thóng; buy a piece of land for a potter's field. líu lô̤h khṳ̀ hṳ́ tói ŭ kháu kó thóng; in digging down we found an old tomb below. múaⁿ-tī kò̤ cǹng kàu kio ngĭ-thóng-po hìeⁿ-seⁿ; graves are everywhere as thick as in a public cemetery.

thóng107148 Eminent; honorable.
thóng-cái; the premier. thóng-cái cū sĭ cái-sìang; the premier is the prime minister.

thóng9631206 Total, entire, general, all under one head; to control, to rule.
thiⁿ ĕ cêk thóng; the whole empire is under one sway. úa àiⁿ phah kàu kui thóng; I wish to get the monopoly of it. cóng-tok thóng-sôk bûn bṳ́; the governor controls both the civilians and military men. thói-thóng; one's character. màiⁿ bô̤ thói-thóng; do not disgrace yourself. thóng-kāng ŭ jîeh cōi? What is the sum total? ēng tī-tîang cò̤ cóng-thóng? Whom does he employ as factotum? pō-kun thóng-nía; the commander in chief of the infantry at Peking.

thòng9361047 Heart-rending; distressing; with energy; extremely; painfully.
thòng-khùai; to vent acute feeling until ease of mind results. mēⁿ khṳ̀ thòng-khùai căi; scolded until he felt perfectly content. ūe tàⁿ kàu thòng-khùai căi; talked until she had talked herself out. i ín-keng thòng kói côiⁿ hui; he has sincerely repented of his past errors.

thông9341177 A youth, a lad, a student; boyish, youthful; undefiled, pure.
thông-lâm; a lad under fifteen years old and unmarried. thông-ńng; a virgin. thông-cṳ́; a boy. ke-thông; servants; young men, hired or bought, or born in the house. sîn thông; a bright lad. nín kùi kūiⁿ kháu-kà ŭ jîeh cōi thông-seng? How many youths attend the examinations in your district? i hieⁿ-lí chûn nŏ̤ kâi lău-thông tīaⁿ-tīaⁿ; there are only two candidates for degrees, who have for a long time been such, remaining in their village. cṳ-thông; students. îeh-thông; medical students. bûn-thông, bú-thông; candidates for degrees, civil or military. i cîah kàu hô̤h hwt thông ngŵn; he has a rosy face and hoary hair. i cṳ̆ sòi síu thông-ceng; he took vows of chastity in his youth. i hŵn-lío sĭ hăi-thông khì; he is still youthful in his feelings. saⁿ-câp būe kùe sĭ hăi-thông; one is a youth so long as he is not past thirty.

thông93510912 The pupil of the eye.
i kâi mâk thìaⁿ khṳ̀ ŏi gāi tîeh thông-jîn a bŏi? Has the inflammation of his eye affected the pupil? i kâi thông-jîn en̂g kâi bū; the pupils of his eyes have a cloudy look all over them. lêk cúi kẁn thông-jîn; a cataract has spread over the pupil. i kâi thông-jîn pêh-bū cn̂g kâi thóiⁿ-m̄-kìⁿ; his pupil is an opaque white, and he cannot see at all.

幢幡thông-hwn116 Streamers; pendant screens; pendant scrolls of silk before a shrine.
cêk sang thông-hwn hĭⁿ-kau; a pair of earrings of the scroll pattern.

thông933303 Alike; identical; matched.
tăi thông sío ĭ; the difference is less than the similarity. thông cṳ́; one born in the same year.

thōng931856 To understand thoroughly; to see through a subject; acquainted with.
i ío thōng-sek mîn-chêng; he understands human nature. cía tîeh ŭ thōng-sek cía sṳ̄ kâi nâng lâi lí; this must be managed by someone who understands such business.