A Short History of Wales


A Short History of Wales - Title Page.jpg



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CONTENTS
CHAP. PAGE
I. WALES : WHAT IT IS MADE OF, AND WHAT IT IS LIKE 1
II. THE WANDERING NATIONS. THE IBERIANS AND CELTS 5
III. ROME. ROMAN CONQUEST, SETTLEMENT, AND INFLUENCE 10
IV. THE NAME OF CHRIST. THE OLD RELIGION AND THE NEW 15
V. THE WELSH KINGS. WEARERS OF THE "CROWN OF ARTHUR" 20
VI. THE LAWS OF HOWEL 25
VII. THE NORMANS IN WALES: 30
VIII. GRIFFITH AP CONAN AND GRIFFITH AP REES 35
IX. OWEN GWYNEDD AND THE LORD REES 40
X. LLYWELYN THE GREAT 45
XI. THE LAST LLYWELYN 50
XII. CONQUERED WALES. HOW IT WAS GOVERNED 55
XIII. THE CASTLE AND THE LONG-BOW 60
XIV. THE RISE OF THE PEASANT 65
XV. QWEN GLENDOWER AND HIS IDEALS 70
XVI. THE WARS OF THE ROSES IN WALES 75
XVII. THE RULE OF THE TUDORS 80
XVIII. THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION 85
XIX. THE CIVIL WAR IN WALES 90
XX. THE GREAT REVOLUTION 96
XXI. HOWEL HARRIS AND THE AWAKENING 102
XXII. THE REFORM ACTS 107
XXIII. THE FORMATION OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM 112
XXIV. THE GROWTH OF SELF-GOVERNMENT 117
XXV. THE WALES OF TO-DAY 123
 
 
I. THE ISOLATION OF WALES 129
II. THE WALES OF THE PRINCES 130
III. THE WALES OF THE PEOPLE 133

TABLES
CHAP. PAGE
I. THE HOUSE OF CUNEDDA 135
II. THE HOUSE OF GWYNEDD 136
III. THE HOUSE OF DYNEVOR 136
IV. THE HOUSE OF POWYS 137
V. THE HOUSE OF MORTIMER 138
VI. THE HOUSE OF TUDOR 139



Introduction

This little book is meant for those who have never read any Welshhistory before. It is not taken for granted that the reader knowseither Latin or Welsh.

A fuller outline may be read in The Story of Wales, in the "Story ofthe Nations" series; and a still fuller one in The Welsh People ofRhys and Brynmor Jones. Of fairly small and cheap books in variousperiods I may mention Rhys' Celtic Britain, Owen Rhoscomyl's FlameBearers of Welsh History, Henry Owen's Gerald the Welshman, Bradley'sOwen Glendower, Newell's Welsh Church, and Rees' Protestant Non-conformity in Wales. More elaborate and expensive books areSeebohm's Village Community and Tribal System in Wales, Clark'sMedieval Military Architecture, Morris' Welsh Wars of Edward I., Southall's Wales and Her Language. In writing local history, A. N.Palmer's History of Wrexham and companion volumes are models.

If you turn to a library, you will find much information about Walesin Social England, the Dictionary of National Biography, thepublications of the Cymmrodorion and other societies. You will findarticles of great value and interest over the names of F. H.Haverfield, J. W. Willis-Bund, Egerton Phillimore, the Honourable MrsBulkeley Owen (Gwenrhian Gwynedd), Henry Owen, the late David Lewis,T. F. Tout, J. E. Lloyd, D. Lleufer Thomas, W. Llywelyn Williams, J.Arthur Price, J. H. Davies, J. Ballinger, Edward Owen, Hubert Hall,Hugh Williams, R. A. Roberts, A. W. Wade-Evans, E. A. Lewis. Theseare only a few out of the many who are now working in the rich andunexplored field of Welsh history. I put down the names only ofthose I had to consult in writing a small book like this.

The sources are mostly in Latin or Welsh. Many volumes of chronicles, charters, and historical poems have been published by the Government, by the Corporation of Cardiff, by J. Gwenogvryn Evans, by H. de Grey Birch, and others. But, so far, we have not had the interesting chronicles and poems translated into English as they ought to be, and published in well edited, not too expensive volumes.

Owen Edwards

Lincoln College, Oxford.



LIST OF MAPS
SECTION FROM HOLYHEAD TO CARDIFF  
facing p. 1
 
I.
WALES OF THE PRINCES
following p. 139
 
II.
RELIGION AND EDUCATION
""  
 
III.
THE SHIRES
""  
 
IV.
INDUSTRIES
""  
 


This work was published before January 1, 1925, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.