A glossary of words used in the neighbourhood of Sheffield/Conclusion


It remains that I should tender my thanks to those who have taken an interest in the preparation of this volume for the press, and have shown that interest by supplying dialectal or archaic words used in the district, or by friendly advice or criticism.

My mother, in particular, remembers many old words and customs which were current amongst the country people in her youth, and the perusal of glossaries or published folk-lore has often recalled to


her mind things well-nigh forgotten. It was in this way that the foundations of the present work were laid.

Mr. William Furness, of Whirlow Hall, has been most obliging in supplying old words and field-names for the glossary. He has read the whole of the proof sheets, and has contributed many valuable words and suggestions. When, happily, I became acquainted with Mr. Levi Thompson, of the Lawns in Stannington, I became fully aware of a fact, of which I had before been conscious, viz., that the Bradfield district would produce an abundant crop of that material which is the mainstay and the gist of such a work as this. Mr. Thompson's contributions have enriched the second half of the glossary and the Addenda with many important archaic words. I am also indebted to him for some interesting pieces of folk-lore. I regret that I have not had the leisure to fully examine the dialect and field-names of the large chapelry or district of Bradfield. That district is rich in ancient words and traditions, and would furnish material for a separate volume. Mr. Thomas R. Ellin, who had himself formed a small collection of Sheffield words, has done good service in supplying words and in making suggestions which have added to the degree of completeness which this volume possesses. Mr. Ellin's supply of technical words used in the Sheffield trades has been particularly useful. I am also indebted to Mr. William Singleton for words relating to the Sheffield trades, and for old 1 Cutlers' statements ' kindly lent by him.

Mr. Benjamin Bagshawe has perused the proof sheets from K to the end of the glossary so much to their advantage that I greatly regret that the preceding portion of the work was not submitted to his useful criticism. Mr. Bagshawe, moreover, has added a con- siderable number of archaic and dialectal words.

Other ladies and gentlemen have shown an interest in the com- pilation of the glossary by supplying or suggesting words, or by various kinds of criticism. I cannot mention every name, for the list of those who have suggested or mentioned one word or more would be too long. I must, however, express my thanks to Mr. George Denton, to Mr. William Gillott, to Miss Gatty, to Mr. John Wilson, to Miss Denton, to Miss Eleanor Lloyd, of Weybridge, to


Mr. J. G. Ronksley, to Mr. Ernest Hobson, to Mr. W. F. Jackson, Mr. James Linacre, and Mr. J. F. Moss for useful service rendered to the glossary. There are doubtless others residing in the district who would gladly have added to the word-list and furnished useful hints had they known me personally, or had they been aware that such a work was in progress. It is not yet too late to gather fresh words, and I hope that the effort here made may have some influence in inducing others to augment the collection. It is of the nature of work of this kind that it should lead to further inquiry and to a desire for fresh knowledge. Although in the present work it will be acknowledged that much has been brought together it is not to be supposed that the subject is by any means exhausted, or that no other ancient words, customs, games, or interesting field-names worthy of record are to be found in the district.

Many of the words recorded in this volume are far older than any monuments of stone now surviving in the district. Buildings perish whilst words endure. Although the earliest history of these islands remains in shadow and darkness, old words, customs, super- stitions, and names of places are left which here and there shed a ray of light amidst the prevailing gloom. They tell us with tongues which cannot err of tribal settlements and rivalries, of men who worshipped strange gods, and practised strange rites. The researches which of late years have been so assiduously made into the early condition of the inhabitants of Great Britain have done much to dispel fiction and error, and to set the beginnings of our history upon a right foundation. To this end nothing contributes more than the study of philology and the collection and preservation of ancient forms of speech. 'Inquire, I pray thee,' said the prophet Job, 'of the former age, and prepare thyself for the search of their fathers. For we are but as yesterday, and know nothing, because our days upon earth are a shadow. Shall not they teach thee and tell thee, and utter words out of their heart?'

S. O. A.

SHEFFIELD, July, 1888.