A glossary of words used in the neighbourhood of Sheffield/E

EAGLES CLIFFE DYKE, at Dore. O. M.

EAR, sb. the year.

EARHOLE, sb. the ear. ' O'll warm thi ear- oil, thah young dog.'

EARN, v. to curdle. M.E. erne from rinnen.

EARNING, sb. cheese-making.

EARNINGS, sb. pi. rennet. H.

EARNING-SKIN, sb. the stomach of a calf, commonly called rennet, used in cheese-making.

EASING DROPS, sb.pl. drops of water from eaves. H.

EASINGS, sb. pi. the eaves of a house. H.

EASTER BOOK, a book containing an account of Easter dues. ' Easter Bookc. The lord of this manner hath but 2 partes thereof w«'th tythe eggs and mortuary's.' — Harrison. This book is mentioned by Harrison several times in the Survey.

EAT, v. to drink. People speak of water for 'aitin' (eating) instead of for drinking.

EAT AGE FIELD, a field in Cold-Aston, in Dronfield parish.

ECCLESALL, a township of Sheffield. In 1807 'Low Ecdesall,' containing 5a. or. 32p., and 'Great EcclcsaU,' containing 7a. 2r. 8p., occur as field-names in this township. These fields adjoin each other. 'Eccltsall field,' nearly 4 acres, is also found in 1807. The fields are at Upper Greystones, near High Storrs, and at the very highest point, near to which Dead Lane and the road to Greystones meet. Cf. EcclesAill in Bradford.

ECCLESFIELD, a large parish north of Sheffield. The Domesday spelling is EceUsfell. Later spellings are Aiglesfeld, 1141. Aigleffeld, 1145, Ecclefeld, Ecglefou, Eglesfeid, 1250, Englcsfcld, 1267, Eckelsfeld, 1279. There is a spelling Eggreftld in 1189 quoted from the Abbrtvatio Placit. by Eastwood in Eeclesficld, p. 83. Mr. Eastwood thought, with some diffidence, that the origin of the name was a Celtic or Welsh word eglwys, the equivalent of ccclesia, and that the meaning, therefore, was church-clearing. A derivation of this kind must be regarded with suspicion, and I cannot assent to it. The spelling Englesfeld, 1267, may be the true one. 'Ingle doles," fields in Ecclesfield, will be noticed below. Such names as prankish field, Sibb field, Gest field, Brytlande, all of which will be found in this Glossary, appear to show that the various races who settled in or invaded this country did not at first freely intermix, but lived separate and apart from each other. A portion of the large parish now known as Ecclesfield may thus have acquired the name of Englafeld, or Angles field, which may have been softened into Egglesfield, &c. Engleserl occurs in 1349. — Eastwood, p. 512. It is, however, most probable that the Ecclesftlt of Domesday, and the Aiglesfeld of 1141, are derived from the hero of heathen tradition named Eigil or Egil, the archer, who was brother of Weland, the most famous of smiths. Fou in Ecgle-fou is probably A.S. JolJe, earth, ground, soil. In Sheffield fold is f. the first grass after mowing. 'Eadiih feild' in Ecclesfield. — Harrison. EDGE-O'-DARK, sb. twilight. EEK, v. to itch. H. EEN, sl>. pi. the eyes. H. EERY, adj. every. 'Eery toime ah went to my wark ah thowt it 'ud be t' last." EGG-FLIP, sb. mulled ale. EGG ON, v. to urge on, to stimulate, to incite. M.E. eggen, O. Icel. cggia. ELBOW-GREASE, sb. persevering use o f the arms. 'That table wants some elbow-grease,' i.e., a good rubbing. ' Luccrn am oUt. It smelleth of elbovj gre ase. ' — W ith als. ELDER, sb. an adder.

ELIKE, adv. alike. ' A bush I se burnand fulle bryght, And ever elyke the leyfes are greyn." Ttnvnelty Mysteries, 57.

ELLER, sb. the elder-tree.

ELLIN STREET, in Sheffield. So called after the family of that name, and not after the ellin or elder tree.

ELM HOLE, a field in Ecclesall, anno 1807.

ELSIN, sb. a shoemaker's awl. M.E. alsene, O. Dutch ahene. ' Well, Jack, you are throng grinding clsins, I see.' — Bywattr, 83. EM, sb. ' A woman's name. The same, no doubt, as Emma, but used not merely as a contraction. "Em Byard, of Skellow," so describes herself in her will, 1668. She was a sister of Sir William Burg. A tenant of the garden house belonging to Fulwood chapel in 1795 was known as Em. Hence we get the surname Empson. ' — Hunter's MS.

EMBROUDERY, sb. embroidery. Hunter's MS. 4 Browdyd, inttxtits.' — Prompt. Parv.

EMLANDS, fields in Ecclesfield. Harrison.

EMLIN MOOR, between Thornsetts and Agden in Bradfield.

ENAKER. ' An intacke called the EiiaHer,' at or near Stannington. — Harrison.

END-AWAY, adv. successively. ' He won six games end-away.' L.

END-LONG, without intermission. H.

ENEW, adj. enough.

ENOW or ENAH, adv. by and by; presently. ' Wa, o'st cum cnali ; ger hooam wi' thee.' — Byiualer, 23.

ENTRY, sb. a narrow passage between two buildings. ' I stepped aside while it did pour, Into a lonesome entry.' Mather's Songs, 9. ' Who tell their fond tales at an entry end.' Ibid., 88.

ETTEN, pa. p. eaten.

EVENTREE LANE, in Bradfield • The third piece lyeth in Haldworth called Timber field betweene the Evcntrec lane and Loxley com»/on. ' — Harrison.

EWE FIELD, in Ecclesall, anno 1807.