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A speech from Georgi Dimitrov to the Bulgarian National Assembly - 1945

AN EXCERPT FROM A SPEECH MADE BY GEORGI DIMITROV TO THE BULGARIAN NATIONAL ASSEMBLY[1]

December 25th, 1945

Ladies and gentlemen, National Representatives,

Until now Bulgaria did not pursue its own national foreign policy, In the course of our entire new political history; in spite of temporary set-backs, the general line of Bulgarian foreign ' policy was in the service of German imperialism which systematically followed the implementation of its "Drang nach Osten" policy. This was a line inciting enmity between Bulgaria and its neighbours, a line of confrontation between Bulgaria and its liberator — great Russia; this was the implementation of the Machiavellian "Divide and rule!" principle of the Prussian barons and Junkers. In order to achieve this principle they most broadly exploited Greater-Bulgarian, Greater-Serbian and Greater-Greek chauvinism and other nationalistic chauvinist tendencies in the Balkans. The attempt of the great Bulgarian statesman Aleksandar Stamboliski (the National Assembly Bureau, all ministers and all national representatives stood up and applauded for a long time) to change this course of foreign policy, as we all know, failed, his government was forcefully overthrown and Stamboliski himself was brutally murdered.

No more successful was the attempt of the government of Mr. Kimon Georgiev in 1934, which after a short period was overthrown by Tsar Boris and his camarilla ... "The struggle of the Macedonian people for emancipation was the basis for the development of a Macedonian nation and a Macedonian state. The decisive incident in this struggle is the fact that the liberation struggle of the Macedonian people merged with the struggle waged by the Balkan peoples, under the leadership of progressive forces, against German occupiers, against fascism and its Balkan lackeys.

What is more natural than for such a free Macedonian state to find its place in the framework of Federal and Democratic Yugoslavia.

The liberation of Macedonia has been attained in the struggle against fascism. The Macedonian state is founded on the ruins of Greater-Bulgarian and Greater-Serbian chauvinism. The Macedonian people have won their right to self-determination in the victory of democracy in Yugoslavia. These are historic facts …

The Fatherland Front has put an end to anti-popular foreign policy. It has decisively rejected the policy of criminal Greater-Bulgarian chauvinism — the principal cause of the national catastrophe we have experienced.

The foreign policy of the Fatherland Front is an authentically national Bulgarian policy. It is guided by authentic Bulgarian national interests. It benefits from the bitter experiences of the past, which regarding the Macedonian issue was in the service of foreign imperialists and their Balkan agents in the ruling cliques, confronting Bulgarians and Serbians. The Fatherland Front considers that we should do everything possible so that Macedonia will never again be an apple of discord in the Balkans, so that it could become a link between Bulgarians and Serbs, between a new Bulgaria and new Yugoslavia (Applause). The relations between the Fatherland Front of Bulgaria and the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia — between these two neighbourly, Slav countries are so fraternal, that they have every prospect of resolving all issues relative to their national interests without any foreign interference. (Applause). Thus the foreign policy of the Fatherland Front is essentially different from fascist foreign policy, implemented until September 9th, 1944. It is the policy of eternal friendship with the great Russian people, with the Soviet Union and a policy of the indestructibly fraternal cooperation with the peoples of new Yugoslavia and all other Slav peoples. (Applause).

G. Dimitrov, Rechi, dokladi, statii, Tom III (1942—1947). Sofia, Izdatelstvo na Bal. Rabotnicheska partiya (komunisti): 1947, str 148-168. “Rabotnichesko delo” 26.XII.1945 g.

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  1. In reply to the opening speech Georgi Dimitrov started a debate in the Bulgarian National Assembly on December 25th, 1945. Here we present an excerpt from his speech relating to the foreign policy of Fatherland Front of Bulgaria.