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CARUS, THOMAS (d. 1572?), judge, was of a Lancashire family, long settled at Horton and elsewhere in that county (Grandeur of the Law, 253; Cal. State Papers, Dom., 1 July 1609). He joined the Middle Temple, and was appointed reader in Lent term 1556. Towards the end of Mary's reign he was summoned to the degree of serjeant-at-law, and actually received it after Elizabeth's accession, 19 April 1559. He was appointed a judge of the queen's bench probably in Trinity term 1566, in succession to Mr. Justice Corbet, and continued in that office till his death, the date of which is uncertain, but is probably 1572, a successor being appointed on 14 May of that year. His name, however, is not given in Dyer's or Plowden's reports after Easter term 1570. In 1569 (10 Feb.) he, with Sir James Dyer, chief justice of the common pleas, Mr. Justice Weston, and Mr. Justice Harper, heard and determined a controversy between the president and council in Wales and the chamberlain of Chester as to the jurisdiction of the county palatine of Chester, the question arising in Radford's case. He left a daughter, Elizabeth, who was second wife to Sir Nicholas Curwen of Workington, M.P., for Cumberland.

[Foss's Lives of the Judges; Green's State Papers, Addenda; Hutchison's Cumberland, ii. 145.]

J. A. H.