Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Cabasa


A titular see of Egypt. About seven and one-half miles north of Sais (ruins at Ssa el-Haggar) stands a little village called Shabas-Sounkour, or Shabas as-Shoada. It has been rightly identified with the see that figures in a Coptic-Arabian episcopal list of the seventh century under the names Shabas-Sanhoul and Gabaseos-tivari-Khevasen. Ptolemy (IV, v, 48) calls it Kabasa, and says it is the capital of the fifth nomos (Kabasites). The city is also known by its coins. It is mentioned by Pliny (V, ix, 9), Georgius Cyprius (ed. Gelzer, 730), and Hierocles (724,5). Parthey (ed.), "Notitia Prima", about 840, gives it as the metropolis of Aegyptus Secunda. Two of its bishops are known: Theopemptus, present at Ephesus in 431 and 449, and Macarius, an opponent of Dioscorus at Chalcedon in 451.

DE ROUGE, Geographie ancienne de la Basse-Egypte (Paris, 1891), 24, 152; SMITH, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geog. (London, 1878), I, 462.

S. Pétridès.