Charlton, Lionel (DNB00)


CHARLTON, LIONEL (1720–1788), topographer, was born at Upper Stobbilee in the parish of Bellingham, Northumberland, on 2 Dec. 1720. After having been for some years at a free grammar school he attended the university of Edinburgh for one or two seasons. About 1748 he settled at Whitby as a teacher and land-surveyor. His school, which he kept in the toll-booth or town-house, was for many years the principal school in Whitby, and produced a number of excellent scholars. Charlton published ‘The History of Whitby and of Whitby Abbey, collected from the original records of the Abbey, and other authentic memoirs, never before made public,’ York, 1779, 4to. He died on 16 May 1788, and was buried in Whitby churchyard, where there is a tombstone thus inscribed: ‘Erected to the Memory of Lionel Charlton, Philomath, who died the 16th of May 1788, aged 66 years. Also Mary, his Wife, who died the 9th of March 1805, aged 72 years. Also two of their children, who died in their infancy.'

[Gent. Mag. lviii. (it) 933; Nichols’s Lit. Anecd. viii. 737; Nichols’s lllustr. of Lit. iii. 783-8, vii. 412, viii. 188-9; Sykes’s Local Records (1833), i. 346; Gough’s British Topography, ii. 449; Richardson's Local Historian's Table-book (Hist. Div.), ii. 3l6.]

T. C.