Chinese Without a Teacher (1922)/Grammar



are not declined : the same word expresses both the singular and plural.


I, me Waw.
My, mine 我的 Wawty.
We, us 我們 Wawmun.
Our, ours 我們的 Waymunty.
Thou, thee and you Nee.
Thy, thine, your, yours 你的 Neety.
You (plural) 你們 Neemun.
Your, yours 你們的 Neemunty.
He, she, it, him, her Tah.
His, her, hers, its 他的 Tahty.
They, them 他們 Tah mun.
Their, their 他們的 Tahmunty.

remain the same in all moods, tenses numbers and persons, with the exception of the past tense, which is formed by adding la, Iayow or kwo to the original word.

To come Li.
I have come 我來咯 Waw li-la.
Has he come? 他來了沒有 T'ah li-la mayo?
He will not come 他不來 T'ah poo li
Will he come ? 他來不來 T'ah li poo li?
They cannot come 他們不能來 T'ah mun soo nung li.
You (plural) needn't come 們不用來 Neemun poo yoong li.
Don't you come ! 你別來 Nee peeay li!