Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Garfield, Harry Augustus

GARFIELD, HARRY AUGUSTUS, an American educator and public official. Born in 1863 in Ohio, the son of James Abram Garfield, twentieth President of the United States. After graduating from Williams College in 1885, he studied law at Columbia University and at Oxford, England. From 1888 to 1903, he practiced law in Cleveland, Ohio, and in the latter year became professor of politics in Princeton University. In 1908 he became president of Williams College. When the United States entered the World War, President Wilson appointed him Fuel Administrator. His duties gave him practically unlimited control over the enormous fuel supplies of the United States and made him an important official in the Government. He resigned his position a few months after the armistice in 1918, to return to the presidency of Williams College.

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