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HAVERHILL, a city in Essex co., Mass.; on the Merrimac river, and on the Boston and Maine railroad; 33 miles N. of Boston. It is connected by bridges with the towns of Groveland and Bradford on the opposite side of the Merrimac, and has extensive manufactures of boots and shoes, hats, cotton and woolen goods, leather, lumber and brick. It is the trade center of a large farming district, and has gas and electric lights, electric street railways, waterworks, public high school, public library, daily and weekly newspapers, 4 National Banks and many notable public buildings. The city, originally the Indian village of Pentucket, was settled in 1640, incorporated as a town in 1645, and was chartered as a city in 1869. The birthplace of John Greenleaf Whittier. Pop. (1910) 44,115; (1920) 53,884.