Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Holland, William J(acob)

HOLLAND, WILLIAM J(ACOB), an American zoologist born in Jamaica, West Indies, in 1848. He graduated from the Moravian College and Theological Seminary at Bethlehem, Pa., in 1867, and from Amherst College in 1869. He studied also at Princeton Theological Seminary. After serving as principal in several high schools in Massachusetts he became a Moravian minister and was pastor in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. From 1891 to 1901 he was chancellor of the Western University of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pittsburgh). In 1898 he became director of the Carnegie Institute at Pittsburgh. He served as naturalist in several expeditions. He was a member of many scientific societies both in the United States and in foreign countries. His published readings include “The Butterfly Book” (1898); “To the River Platte and Back” (1913); “The Butterfly Guide” (1915). He also published many scientific papers. He was the editor of “Annals” and “Memoirs” of the Carnegie Museum.