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Deccan Nursery Tales.djvu

 

DECCAN NURSERY TALES

 
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Deccan Nursery Tales 010.jpg
"GAVE MEMORIAL HONOURS TO HIS DEAD FATHER.". . . p. 108

Frontispiece.

 

DECCAN NURSERY
TALES

OR

FAIRY TALES FROM THE SOUTH


BY

C. A. KINCAID, C.V.O.

INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE

AUTHOR OF 'THE OUTLAWS OF KATHIAWAR,'
'THE TALE OF THE TULSI PLANT'


ILLUSTRATIONS BY M. V. DHURANDHAR


MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED

ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON

1914

 

COPYRIGHT

 
 

TO MY LITTLE SON

DENNIS

WHOSE INTEREST IN THESE STORIES

FIRST INDUCED ME TO OFFER THEM TO THE PUBLIC

THIS LITTLE VOLUME IS AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED

 

PREFACE

These stories first appeared in the Times of India newspaper, and my acknowledgments are due to the editor for his courtesy in permitting their publication.

I have translated all of them as literally as possible from the original Marathi. But, owing to the difference between Marathi and English canons of taste, I have had in a very few places slightly to change the sense. In some places, owing to the obscurity of the original text, I have had to amplify the translation. In other places I have had to cut short the descriptions of Hindu rites and ceremonies so as to avoid wearying the English reader.

It may not be out of place to say just a word about the Indian gods mentioned in the stories. It must be remembered that the main Hindu gods are three in number. They are all sprung from a common origin, Brahma, but they are quite separate beings. They do not form a trinity, i.e. three in one or one in three. And each of them has a wife and a family. The following genealogical tree will, I hope, help the reader.

 
 
Brahma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
the daughters of AgniShivaVishnu
 
Brahmadev
 
 
 
 
 
Parwati
 
Mahalaxmi
 
Saraswati
 
 
 
Kartakswami[1]
 
 
 
 
Ganpati

Of the above gods, Shiva, his son Kartakswami, and his wife Parwati, Vishnu and his wife Mahalaxmi only are mentioned in the following stories. Besides these, however, the Sun and Moon and the five principal planets obtain a certain amount of worship. The Sun is worshipped every morning by every orthodox Hindu. And Shani or Saturn inspires a wholesome fear, for his glance is supposed to bring ill fortune. Then again, besides the main gods, the world according to Hindu belief, which in this respect closely resembles that of the ancient Greeks, is peopled with Asuras (demons), Devkanya (wood-nymphs), Nag-kanya (the serpent-maidens of Patâla), and Gandharwas (a kind of cherubim). The first three of these find a place in the ensuing fairy tales.

The scientific doctrine is that Shiva is the destroyer and Vishnu the preserver of life, and that Brahmadev is the creative spirit. In practice, however, Brahmadev is almost entirely disregarded, while the Hindus worship Shiva, Vishnu, Parwati, or Mahalaxmi just as as they feel inclined, or as the particular sect to which they belong requires them.

Lastly, it must be borne in mind that the Hindu year consists of twelve lunar months. In the Deccan the year begins with Chaitra, corresponding roughly with April. The months then succeed each other in the following order: Vaishak, Jesht, Ashad, Shravan, Bhadrapad, Ashwin, Kartih, Margshish, Paush, Mag, Phalgun. Each month begins on the first day of the new moon and is divided into two parts. The first half comprises the period from the new moon to the full moon. This is the bright half of the month. The second half comprises the period from the full moon to the new moon. This is the dark half of the month. The lunar months are made to correspond with the solar year by the interposition of an "adhik" or intercalary month every third year.

C. A. K.

 

CONTENTS

PAGE
I. The Sunday Story 1
II. The Monday Story 14
III. The Tuesday Story 18
IV. The Wednesday and Thursday Story 26
V. The Friday Story 32
VI. The Saturday Story 36
VII. Mahalaxmi and the Two Queens 41
VIII. The Island Palace 56
IX. Nagoba, the Snake-King 63
X. Parwati and the Beggar-Man 69
XI. Parwati and the Brahman 73
XII. Soma, the Washerwoman 79
XIII. Vasishta and the Four Queens 89
XIV. The Lamps and the King's Daughter-in-Law 95
XV. Parwati and the Priest 99
XVI. The Rishi and the Brahman 107
XVII. The King and the Water-Goddesses 112
XVIII. The Lid of the Sacred Casket 115
XIX. The Brahman Wife and her Seven Sons 122
XX. The Golden Temple 128
 
 

ILLUSTRATIONS

" Gave memorial honours to his dead father " . Frontispiece FACE PAGE

" It curled itself up inside the earthen jar " . . 22

"And fill her lap with wheat cakes and bits of cocoa-nut " 32

" And stuck them into a corner of the eaves " . .39

"They no longer wished to kill or bite the little daughter- in-law" ...... 68

" They asked her what the reason was, and she told them " 71

" She has lived here just as if she had been in her father's house " . . . . .106

"The god revealed himself to the king and his companions in all his glory and splendour " . . .132

  1. For an account of the birth of Kartakswami see The Tale of the Tulsi Plant, p. 93.


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1924.


The author died in 1954, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.