Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Arnold, Thomas (1742-1816)
ARNOLD, THOMAS, M.D. (1742–1816), physician and writer on insanity, was born in the town of Leicester, educated at Edinburgh, where he took the degree of M.D., became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and of the Royal Medical Society of Edinburgh. He practised in Leicester, where he was deservedly popular, and became owner and conductor of a large lunatic asylum there. 'In a word, he was an enlightened ornament of his native town' (Gent. Mag.).
His principal works are:
- 'Observations on the Nature, Kinds, Causes, and Prevention of Insanity, Lunacy, or Madness,' London and Leicester, 1782, 1786.
- 'A Case of Hydrophobia successfully treated,' 1793.
- 'Observations on the Management of the Insane,' 1809.
In the first of these he examines and compares the opinions of ancient and modern writers on the subject. It is a work of great learning and research, and abounds with interesting cases related from the author's experience. He died at Leicester 2 Sept. 1816.
[Gent. Mag. Ixxxvi. pt. ii. p. 378.]