Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Chiang Hsiang

CHIANG Hsiang 姜瓖 d. Oct. 4, 1649, a native of Yü-lin, Shensi, was stationed in 1644 as a brigade-general of the Ming army at Hsüan-hua, in northern Chihli, when the rebel leader Li Tzŭ-ch'êng [q. v.] attacked that city on his march to the capital. Chiang surrendered, but three months later when the Manchus were taking Peking he seized the opportunity to attack Li's adherents in Shansi and to capture the city of Ta-t'ung. The Manchus made him military administrator for the district, and he remained in that capacity until the end of 1648 when suddenly he set up the standard of revolt and with the aid of other rebel leaders threatened the safety of Taiyuan. Government troops under the leadership of Dorgon, Nikan (d. 1652), and Ajige [qq. v.] gradually suppressed the revolt, and on October 4, 1649, the besieged and starving garrison of Ta-t'ung murdered Chiang and surrendered the city.


George A. Kennedy