Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/Galveston
GALVESTON, a city and port of entry on the coast of Texas, United States of North America, situated about 340 miles to the westward of the mouth of the South Pass of the Mississippi River, on the south side of the entrance into Galveston Bay, in 29° 18′ N. lat. and 94° 47′ long. west from Greenwich. It is the principal port and the largest city in the State, is the seat of justice of Galveston County, and is located on the inner shore of Galveston Island, about 2 miles from its most north-easterly point, known as Fort Point. The city therefore faces the main Texas shore, being separated from it by West Bay, lying between the island and the mainland. The principal portion of the county lies on the mainland fronting the two bays above named, its general surface, like that of the island, being low and level, and the soil sandy.
Galveston Island is a low sandy island, about 28 miles long and 1 to 3 miles wide, stretching along the coast of Texas in a north-easterly and south-westerly direction, and forming the gulf coast-line throughout its entire length. Its surface, which has an average height of 4 to 5 feet above tide level, is diversified by a number of freshwater ponds and intersected by several creeks and small bayous. The beach, on the Gulf side, furnishes a smooth and pleasant drive during low-water stage, and excellent surf-bathing at all times. To the northward of the entrance into the harbour, the coast-line is continued in the same general direction to the north-east by Bolivar Peninsula, a low, narrow sand-strip of the mainland, the width of the throat of the harbour between Fort Point and Bolivar Point being about 2 miles. There is a lighthouse on Bolivar Point.
| Year ending
|Temperature Fahr.|| Mean Annual
|Highest.||Lowest.|| Annual |
|United States Census of 1850||3,469||708||4,177|
|United States Census of 1860||6,127||1,180||7,307|
|United States Census of 1870||10,810||3,008||13,818|
|Estimated for 1879||...||...||31,000|
|Imports of free commodities||$952,713||$1,155,808|
|Imports of dutiable commodities||194,615||201,680|
|Years.|| Number of
|Tonnage.||Years.|| Number of