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Front pagesEdit

Junius Henderson
Field Notebook
No. 3
1909 - Sept. 6, 1909 Junius Henderson
Boulder, Colo

Field Note Book
No. 3

1909 - Sept. 6, 1909

Trips to the WestEdit

Journey further West to California, Winter-Summer 1909



Boulder, Colo.   Boulder, Colorado, Jany 26, 1909  January 26, 1909

Bright, windy morning, 40¡ at 7 a. m. Went to University   University of Colorado for receipt book, etc. Then took 11:30 train for Ft. Collins   Ft. Collins, Colorado, reaching there at 1:15. Went to Northern Hotel   Northern Hotel, got lunch ordered team for tomorrow at Tate's and spent balance of day reading and writing. Retired at 8:45.

Ft. Collins   Ft. Collins, Colorado, Jany 27, 1909  January 26, 1909

Arose at 5:45. Left hotel   Northern Hotel at 7 a.m. with team and driver from Tate's. Cloudy and cold, east wind, clearing and warming toward noon. Took Rocky Ridge road. Saw big flock blackbirds, numerous horned larks   Eremophila alpestris, several hawks and magpies   magpie and one meadowlark   Sturnella. Reached mouth of Box Elder   Box Elder Creek, Colorado at 10 a.m. N of creek, Niobrara   Niobrara and Dakota dip 66deg, strike N 55deg E. Benton measures 143 yds horizontally across and Dakota about 100 yards. S of creek Niobrara   Niobrara dips 82¡ strike N 45¡ E carries it directly into outcrops on N side. N end of S side outcrop swings to N for last few feet. 75 horizontal yards across Benton and 75 across Dakota. Found no yellow ss in Jurassic at mouth of canyon, but the l.s. containing the fossils (of which we have had slides made) and one foot (or more) concretionary zone is present. In isolated hill inside mouth of canyon the deep red Lykins passes above into pinkish roundly massive s.s., which abruptly changes to whitish, in turn abruptly but apparently conformably into angular yellow s.s. Probably that in which Hayden found Pentacrinus   Pentacrinus and Ostrea   Ostrea. Above this is the fossiliferous l.s. At one point there is a marked unconformity near base of Jura for 50 ft thus ((drawing in field book)). Worked back S of Niobrara ridge, found no fossils in Benton and only Inoceramus   Inoceramus and Ostrea   Ostrea fragments in the Dakota. Saw white tailed jack rabbit   Lepus townsendii. Then came back to Ft. Collins   Ft. Collins, Colorado by road which passes the mouth of Owl Canyon   Owl Creek Canyon drainage. Started back at 2:30 reaching hotel at 5:20. has been warm walking this afternoon, and bright, but a cool breeze which made overcoat comfortable when driving.

Ft. Collins   Ft. Collins, Colorado, Jan 28, 1909  January 28, 1909

Cloudy, a strong, cold north wind. Arose at 7 a.m., left for Boulder   Boulder, Colorado at 8 a.m.

Boulder   Boulder, Colorado, Feby 13, 1909  February 13, 1909

Cloudy, east wind. W. W. Robbins and I started for Green Mt.   Green Mountain, Colorado Via Skunk Canyon   Skunk Canyon, Colorado at 9:30 a.m. Saw only usual number of magpies   magpie and long crested jays   Cyanocitta stelleri, one buzzard   Buteo, a few chickadees   Poecile one canyon   Catherpes mexicanus or winter wren   Troglodytes hiemalis and one pine squirrel   Tamiasciurus. Robbins shot the squirrel. Not a junco   Junco hyemalis, tree sparrow   Spizella arborea or any other species. At noon it began snowing and continued till we reached home at 2 p.m. and balance of day.

Tuesday, Mch 2, 1909  March 2, 1909

Started for Ft. Collins   Ft. Collins, Colorado with G. W. Bartholomew of the Portland Cement Co. on 7:50 p.m. train. Windy. Reached Ft. Collins   Ft. Collins, Colorado on time and went to Northern Hotel   Northern Hotel.

Wednesday Mch 3, 1909  March 3, 1909

Started with Bartholomew and team from Daly and Nelson's at 7:30 a.m., for Owl Canyon   Owl Creek Canyon, Colorado. Saw numerous shore larks   Eremophila alpestris and red winged blackbirds   Agelaius phoeniceus. Examined gypsum, found section thus in the Lykins: Limestone capping escarpment Red clay 75 ft Gypsum 25 ft Covered 10 ft. Crossbedded sandstone.

Reached Collins   Ft. Collins, Colorado at 3:10 p.m. Gypsum at Owl canyon   Owl Creek Canyon, Colorado is crossed by west line of sec 6, tp 9 N R 69 W. Returned to Boulder   Boulder, Colorado in Evening, reaching here at 6 p.m. Bartholomew paid me $20.00 for the trip and all expenses.



Boulder, Colo.   Boulder, Colorado, March 23, 1909  March 23, 1909

Delightful morning, but hazy clouds. I started alone up Gregory Canyon   Gregory Canyon, Colorado at 7:30 a.m. Six meadowlarks   Sturnella before reaching mouth of canyon. Saw Junco sp.   Junco at mouth of Gregory Canyon   Gregory Canyon, Colorado. Further up saw nuthatches   Sitta and took a chipmunk   Tamias and chickadee   Poecile. Saw a Clarke nutcracker   Nucifraga columbiana. Passed over the divide into bear Canyon   Bear Canyon, Colorado, where nutcrackers   Nucifraga were plentiful, as well as chickadees   Poecile and nuthatches   nuthatch. Shot another chickadee   Poecile and nuthatch   Sitta. Then worked down Bear canyon   Bear Canyon, Colorado and over into Skunk Canyon   Skunk Canyon, Colorado where I shot a chickadee   Poecile of the other species. Just south of town heard 3 more meadowlarks   Sturnella and saw 2 bluebirds   Sialia and one robin   Turdus migratorius. Long crested jays   Cyanocitta stelleri all along the route but magpies   magpie only in Skunk Canyon   Skunk Canyon, Colorado. Juncos only at mouth of Gregory   Gregory Canyon, Colorado and mouth of Skunk Canyon   Skunk Canyon, Colorado. Shot a nutcracker   Nucifraga for his skeleton. Began to sprinkle just before reaching my room at the Y.M.C.A. at 6 p.m. Still raining hard when I went to bed after a dip in the swimming pool.

Boulder, Colo.   Boulder, Colorado Sunday, June 6, 1909  June 6, 1909

Went to church in forenoon. Dined with rev. Pulliam, then hurried to University   University of Colorado and marched in the academic procession to the Presbyterian Church   Presbyterian Church and heard the Baccalaureate Sermon.

Monday, June 7, 1909  June 7, 1909

Very rainy day. Finished my work at museum for the semester. Saw 2 nighthawks   Chordeiles minor.

Tuesday June 8, 1909  June 8, 1909

Clouds low in morning, but soon lifted. Got meals at the Boulderado   Boulderado. Took representative Chas. Hayden, a member of the advisory board, to dinner with me. In evening I went to the campus illumination etc.

Wednesday, June 9, 1909  June 9, 1909

Clear early in morning. Soon clouded. Academic procession started at 10 a.m. Took cars to Chatauqua   Chatauqua. Terrific rain and hail just as we reached the grounds, continuing for some time , then with milder force nearly all through commencement exercises. Dined at Home Lunch Counter   Home Lunch Counter at 2 p.m., Packed trunk and left for Denver   Denver, Colorado on 4:40 train, sprinkling again as I left. The foregoing 4 days record written on train just after leaving. Too busy to write it in large diary this week. The fields and prairies are beautifully green.

Birds seen: {taxon|Zenaida macroura|Doves}}, meadowlarks   Sturnella, redwings   Agelaius phoeniceus, lark buntings   Calamospiza melanocorys, kingbirds   Tyrranus. Barn swallows   Hirundo rustica, Boulder Creek   Boulder Creek, Clear Creek   Clear Creek and Platte River   Platte Riverhigh. Hailed as we reached Denver   Denver, Colorado, got wet going to U.P. ticket office and found it locked. Returned to depot and found my sleeper ticket there. Felger (?) came into car and we had a brief talk. Left Denver   Denver, Colorado for Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California at 7:05 p.m., got dinner in diner. Went to bed early. Reached Cheyenne   Cheyenne, Wyoming at 10:40.

Cheyenne, Wyo.   Cheyenne, Wyoming, Thursday June 10, 1909  June 10, 1909

Still at Cheyenne, held up on account of floods. Cold and partly cloudy. Cheyenne   Cheyenne, Wyoming paper reports 64 as maximum temperature, 45 minimum. Clear part of day. Left Cheyenne   Cheyenne, Wyoming at 2 p.m., crossed Trias and Carboniferous at 2:45 and entered granite. Formations very irregular in strike and dip but mostly strike E-W and dip possibly northerly. Passed through long tunnel at 3:30 and 7 minutes later cut red sandstones again. On Laramie plains at 3:45, broad and flat, stratified rocks (Carboniferous?) to north, plain buried beneath debris mantle and rising abruptly from plains to south are mountains apparently of granite. Reached Laramie   Laramie, Wyoming at 4 p.m.

Ogden, Utah   Ogden, Utah. June 11, 1909  June 11, 1909

Woke up at Ogden, Utah   Ogden, Utah at 5 a.m., bright, but cool, soon warming up. Mts. Bordering valley with much snow, especially at Salt Lake   Salt Lake City, Utah. Went into diner just after leaving Salt Lake   Salt Lake City, Utah. . Immediately after breakfast the engine broke down , causing another delay. At Tintic   Tintic there are many mines ? most important camp in Utah. Beyond great scrub cedar   scrub cedar forests. SW of Lynn   Lyman, Utah sagebrush desert, with no grass.

Barstow, Cali.   Barstow, California, June 12, 1909  June 12, 1909

Awoke at 5:30 here, bright and quite warm. Tree yuccas   Yucca elata here, but soon left behind, as also large "soapweed"   Yucca glauca. Reached Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California at 11 a.m. 15 hours behind. Nellie, Henry, Alice, Ina and Cousin Mamie met me at depot and Nellie Ina and I went to the house for lunch. Spent afternoon at house. At 7 p.m. The Kittle's (sic) called for a few moments. At 8 p.m. we all went to Henry's and spent the evening with music.

Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, June 13, 1909  June 13, 1909

Kittle called with the auto and took Nellie, Frank and I for a ride to Hollywood   Hollywood, California. At 4:30 Nellie and I took the "Salt Lake" train for Long beach   Long Beach, California, where uncle George and Dr. A. L. Bryant met us at the train. After lunch we all Cloudy forenoon, sunny afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 14, 1909  June 14, 1909

Cloudy morning. I spent most of the forenoon packing 1800 shells and sea urchins   sea urchins Nellie had collected . In the afternoon Nellie and I walked west up the beach beyond Seaside   Seaside, California where we collected some 700 shells, mostly of Cerithiidae   Cerithiidae ? They were in the sand which had been dumped out by the dredger and which formed the dyke along the channel.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, {dated|1909-06-15|June 15, 1909}}

Cloudy morning. Arose at 6:30 and packed the shells collected yesterday. Left Long Beach   Long Beach, California on Salt Lake car with cousin Fannie Coad and husband at 9:34 for Catalina   Catalina, California, fare $5.00. Very calm, warm, only partly cloudy. Put up at Delmar   Delmar, got a very poor dinner at the Klondike Restaurant   Klondike Restaurant, then went to Seal Rocks   Seal Rocks in the glass bottomed boat Hermosa. In the evening walked to a bay north of Avalon   Avalon, California. Supped at Arlington Caf?. Very good.

Avalon Cali.   Avalon, California, June 16, 1909  June 16, 1909

Clear, calm and hot. I arose at 6:30 breakfasted and started SE along beach. Found rocks covered with limpets of several species, Littorina   Littorina and Chlorostoma   Chlorostoma. In an hour or so Nellie and Fannie joined me. We walked to Pebble Beach   Pebble Beach, California (the town dump) and found there a few cone shells etc. on the shingle. Have seen no sandy beaches on the island yet and few pebbly ones. Sea cliff usually precipitous, porphyry and other igneous or intrusive rocks. Near Seal Rocks   Seal Rocks it looked like a coarse conglomerate in places as seen from the boat. Returned to Avalon   Avalon, California at 2:45 and left on the Hermosa at 3:15, reaching Long Beach    Long Beach, Californiaat 6:15. Spent evening cleaning snails and spreading their opercula to dry. Collected 497 specimens of limpet spp.   limpet, Littorina sp.   Littorina, Chlorostoma sp.   Chlorostoma, and other mollusca, but only two land snails. Island very dry.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California June 17/09  June 17, 1909

Spent forenoon finishing the preparation of the snails. In afternoon Nellie and I were on the beach most of the time. I left for Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California at 4:50p.m. In evening, Lu, Allie, Ina and I called on Henry and Louise and told her goodbye, as she leaves for the east tomorrow. Frank went to Long Beach   Long Beach, California, so I have missed him. He returned on late car.



Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California June 18, 1909  June 18, 1909

Kittle and I went to Glendale   Glendale, California in the auto. Called on Dr. Al. Bryant and Mrs. Goss, Goss being away. I left Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California for Long Beach   Long Beach, California on 2:30 p.m. car. Rained last night, cloudy this forenoon, clear this afternoon. In afternoon Nellie and I walked a long ways east on Long Beach   Long Beach, California and collected about 150 or 200 specimens of shells.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California June 19, 1909  June 19, 1909

Bright, clear and warm. At 10:30 I started for Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California on electric car. Went to City Hall and found Frank, where Kittle and Melvin joined us. Frank went to the City Club dinner, and the rest of us to a cafeteria, then at 1:30 we all started for Portuguese Bend   Portuguese Bend, above Point Firman   Point Firman in Kittle's auto. Left auto on bluffs and went down to beach, collected crabs   crabs, limpets   limpets etc. Then got supper and made our beds, turning in at 9 p.m.

Portuguese Bend   Portuguese Bend, Cali. June 20, 1909  June 20, 1909

I arose at 5:30 and started for the beach, where the others joined me at 8:30. Got some fine material. Found Keyhole Limpets   Fissurellidae (volcano) and large chitons   Polyplacophora, and black abalones   Haliotis cracherodii by turning rocks, other species (snails and bivalves) on upper surfaces of rocks. Collected a few fish also and a lizard. Fleas were very bad last night and prevented sleep. We found they were swarming along the bluffs where sheep or goats had been grazing, so we packed up and came back to Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California, starting about 11:30. Has been bright and warm all day. Frank and I spent the evening at Henry's, then returned to his house. Collected over 500 specimens yesterday and today. Keyhole limpets   Fissurellidae (volcano) only found under rocks, others under and over. Black abalones   Haliotis cracherodii under and in crevices.

Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, June 21, 1909  June 21, 1909

Dense fog at 6 a.m., but cleared early. I left for Long beach   Long Beach, California at 10:40 but did not arrive until 11 a.m. on account of trouble with the motor. Stayed in house most of afternoon. Developed negatives in evening.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 22/09  June 22, 1909

Cloudy forenoon and moist. Saw several large slugs   Gastropoda on sidewalk. Walked beyond Seaside   Seaside, California and collected a lot of shells etc., 67 specimens. In afternoon Nellie and I went to east San Pedro   San Pedro, California and collected 869 shells on the SW end of Terminal Island   Terminal Island, possibly the residuum of erosion of Pleistocene beds, though the perfect condition of the most fragile Pectens   Pecten and Crucibulum   Crucibulum are against that idea. Clear afternoon. Total collections to date 4583.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 23, 1909  June 23, 1909

Cloudy morning, nearly clear by noon. Stayed in house most of forenoon. Nellie and I went to theater and saw "Winchester" in the afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 24/09  June 24, 1909

Cloudy, misty morning. Nellie and I took the Seaside car at 9:50, then walked to East San Pedro   San Pedro, California, returning on 5:45 "Salt Lake" train. Clear afternoon. Collected 1607 specimens, making a total of 5650 to date.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 25, 1909  June 25, 1909

Moist, cloudy morning. We packed yesterday's collections and swept the house in the forenoon. Clear at noon as usual.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 26, 1909  June 26, 1909

Cloudy morning, cleared before noon. I went to Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California on 10:10 a.m. car. Went to City hall and met Frank. We went to City Club and from there to Pacific Electric Station   Pacific Electric Station, where we started on City Club San Pedro excursion at 1:10, about 250 men in five cars. At San Pedro   San Pedro, California the conductor announced that he could not get the power to run to Point Firman   Point Firman, which of course the company knew before the excursion started. So we boarded six boats and ran first through the outer harbor, then through the inner harbor to the Craig shipyards at Seaside   Seaside, California, where we went through the plant. The channels of the inner harbor reminded me of the tide flats about La Conner   La Conner, Washington on Puget Sound   Puget Sound, at high tide. At Seaside   Seaside, California we boarded electric cars and went to Long Beach   Long Beach, California, where we dined at the Virginia then listened to talks on San Pedro   San Pedro, California harbor by Capt. Freis, the engineer in charge of the government, and others. The ran to Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California which we reached at 11 p.m. I went home with Henry for the night. My fleabites were badly inflamed so I bathed them in a saturated solution of baking soda, which allayed the itching.

Long Beach   Long Beach, California, June 27, 1909  June 27, 1909

Clear morning and warm. Henry and I went to Frank's for breakfast, then I went to Kittles, where Nellie arrived last night. We all went in the auto to a cafeteria for dinner, then rode to Eastlake Park   Eastlake Park and on to Huntington road, then Nellie and I came back to Long Beach   Long Beach, California, on 4 oclock car.

Long Beach   Long Beach, California, June 28, 1909  June 28, 1909

Cloudy morning, cleared soon and hot afternoon. Nellie and I went down to Naples Bay   Naples Bay, California, where we found some fine Bulla gouldiana   Bulla gouldiana, abundant Cerithidea   Cerithidea and Melampus   Melampus? Took car to and from Mira Mar   Miramar, California, just above head of Naples canal. Got 195 specimens (including 38 Bulla   Bulla) besides 15 specimens I got this morning. Total collections to date 5860.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 29/09  June 29, 1909

Bright, hot day. Surf very high. In afternoon I went through the reclaimed tidelands north of Seaside   Seaside, California. Cerithidea   Cerithidea in enormous numbers as far as the tides reach. Melampus olivaceus   Melampus olivaceus snails nearer coast Mud pumped out by dredger contained many Tagelus   Tagelus, Chione   Chione, Ostrea   Ostrea etc. and a few pectens   Pecten. In evening Nellie and I attended Bide a wyle theater ? performance very poor.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 30/09  June 30, 1909

Hot and bright. I rode to Mira Mar   Miramar, California on the Naples car and took photos E and W along the coast from the point. Then took 14th st. car and went to salt marsh N of Seaside   Seaside, California where I took 2 photos of Cerithidea   Cerithidea and collected 2 tern   Sternula eggs. Collected a few shells.

Long Beach Cali.   Long Beach, California, July 1, 1909  July 1, 1909

A hot morning, cloudy and cooler in afternoon. I went to Los Cerritos   Los Cerritos, California and collected 610 Pleistocene fossils, returning at 3 p.m. At 4 p.m. Nellie and I went to Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California , met Francis at the Santa Fe train. Dined at Boos Cafeteria   Boos Cafeteria opposite Pacific Electric Station   Pacific Electric Station. Then Nellie and Francis went to Long Beach    Long Beach, Californiaand I went to Franks, where I found Zo? Dobson and her children and Gertrude Thompson.

Los Angeles,Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California Bright, hot morning. I called on Ralph Arnold at H. W. Hellman Bldg. Got dinner at Boos cafeteria   Boos cafeteria, met Nellie at Pacific Electric Station   Pacific Electric Station and at 1:45 we left for Santa Barbara   Santa Barbara, California on Southern Pacific R.R., where Kittle met us with the auto. It has been a terribly hot day, but cool at Santa Barbara   Santa Barbara, California. In evening we went to band concert.

Santa Barbara, Cali.   Santa Barbara, California July 3, 1909  July 3, 1909 Harl, Carl, Melonie and I went into Mission Canyon   Mission Canyon, California before breakfast. Then we went to the beach. In afternoon went to the beach again and collected limpets   Gastropoda, etc. Bright and hot in the sun where sheltered from the wind, but wind cool. Found three species of limpets   Gastropoda, alive, and Littorina   Littorina, one turban shell   Turbinidae and one chiton   Polyplacophora and one coffee bean shell   coffee bean shell. Many dead specimens of Conus   Conus, Olivella   Olivella, Chama   Chama and mussels. Small mussels alive, also the peculiar non sessile barnacle like animal which we first found at Portuguese Bend   Portuguese Bend. Total collections to date 6485 + 80 = 6565.

Santa Barbara, Cali.   Santa Barbara, California July 5, 1909  July 5, 1909

Bright morning but cool breeze. Harl took the women and small children in the auto and Carl Strock, Melvin and I walked the beach a mile or so SE of the lighthouse, returning at 6:30 p.m. Collected about 130 shells. Total collections to date 6695

Santa Barbara, Cali.   Santa Barbara, CaliforniaJuly 6, 1909  July 6, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Harl and I explored the bluffs at the bath house and collected about 400 small Pleistocene fossils, mostly gastropods   Gastropoda and fragments of Bryozoa   Bryozoa. The formation dips westerly or southwesterly. On top of the next point west we found kitchen middens containing clam   Mollusca and mussel shells   Mollusca. I afternoon collected about 300 Pliocene at S end and on E face of Packard Hill   Packard Hill. The S end is a mass of small Bryozoa   Bryozoa stems, with a few small pectens   Pecten and other shells. Then Harl and wife and Nellie and I went in to the swimming pool. In evening we dined at Stocks, then they came to Kittle's and spent evening. I swam more than I have for years. Total collections to date 7395.

Santa Barbara, Cali.   Santa Barbara, California, dated|1909-07-07|July 7, 1909}}

Bright, warm morning. We left Santa Barbara   Santa Barbara, California, on the S. P. Ry. At 10:30 a.m., reached Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California 2:30 p.m. Went out to Frank's house, then took 5:20 electric car for Long Beach   Long Beach, California. Wrote a lot of letters in evening.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, July 8/09  July 8, 1909

Foggy morning, clearing up by 10:30. Nellie and I took 9:30 train to East San Pedro   San Pedro, California on Salt Lake Road. There we rented a boat from Paul La Marr's boathouse and rowed to Deadman's Island   Deadman's Island, California. Collected limpets   Gastropoda, marine snails   marine snails of several species, one Bulla   Bulla etc. on beach then collected fossils on east end of island. West end shows Miocene? conglomerate at base. Found no fossils. Above is a sandstone, probably lower San Pedro Pleistocene, with few fossils, of which we collected none. Above this is the upper San Pedro with several horizons filled with fine fossils. We collected several thousand. They were weathered out so that we could obtain fine specimens with but little work, especially under on((e)) ledge. at the top of the bluffs is black, soil about 2 feet in depth, containing kitchen middens, chiefly Pecten aequicoststa   Pecten aequicoststa. Returned to Long Beach   Long Beach, California on the 5:45 train.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, June 9,1909  July 9, 1909

Cloudy morning. Arose at 5:30 and Nellie, Dr. Carter and I left on 7:05 a.m. train for Pomona   Pomona, California (Salt Lake Route). Reached Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California at 8 a.m., left there at 8:35. reached Pomona   Pomona, Californiaat 9:35 and were met at depot by John A Kennedy and taken to his home at 720 N Garey St. In Afternoon we all went out in a neighborhood auto.

Pomona, Cali.   Pomona, California, July 10, 1909  July 10, 1909

Cloudy morning, soon clearing. Nellie, Dr. carter and I went for a drive with Mr. Kennedy. Went through packing house and saw them packing oranges, and through the Cannery and saw them canning and drying apricots. Then Dr. carter went to Mr. Hall's. At 1:18 we took Southern Pacific train for Ontario   Ontario, California, Lu and Frank being on board. Harry Jones met us there and drove us to Maud Harris' home 18 mi. E of Ontario   Ontario, California, and 7 mi. N of Corona   Corona, California.

Ranch W of Ontario, Cali.   Ontario, California, July 11, 1909  July 11, 1909

Very dense fog at 6 a.m., nearly clear at 9 a.m. Collected Planorbis trivalvis   Planorbis trivalvis, P. parvus   Planorbis parvus, Physa sp.   Physa Lymnaea bulimnoides   Lymnaea bulimnoides ? and Pisidium   Pisidium in pond at artesian well. The Lymnaea   Lymnaea bulimnoides was found mostly in the mud outside the little streamlet which runs through the slough. Harris and Maud brought Frank, Nellie, Laton and I to Ontario   Ontario, California for the 5:40 train and Nellie and I reached Long Beach   Long Beach, California at 9 p.m., going out on the electric from Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, July 12, 1909  July 12, 1909

Foggy morning, clearing early. Spent the day in packing 5 boxes of recent and fossil shells.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, July 13/09  July 12, 1909

Foggy morning. Most common birds at Long Beach   Long Beach, California, are mocking bird   Mimus and Brewer blackbird   Euphagus cyanocephalus. Least ? tern   Sternula antillarum common in mud flats. In harbor are ring billed gulls   Larus delawarensis and an occasional pelican   Pelecanus. At Portuguese   Portuguese Bend bend   Portuguese Bend saw California quail   Callipepla californica and road runners   Geococcyx and burrowing owl   Athene cunicularia and saw former at Santa Barbara   Santa Barbara, California. In Ontario   Ontario, California the following:

Western mockingbird   Mimidae abundant Ark. flycatcher   Ark. flycatcher abundant Cassin flycatcher   Muscicapa cassini few Burrowing owl   Athene cunicularia abundant California shrike   Lanius common Brewer blackbird   Euphagus cyanocephalus abundant Black phoebe   Sayornis nigricans one House finch   Carpodacus mexicanus common Buzzard   Buteo common Killdeer   Charadrius vociferus common Dove   Zenaida macroura Common Meadowlark   Sturnella abundant Cliff swallow   Petrochelidon pyrrhonota abundant

Collected 3443 specimens at Deadman Isl.   Deadman's Island, California And Ontario   Ontario, California. Total to date 10, 838

Shipped six boxes early in afternoon to Boulder   Boulder, Colorado, by Salt lake and Union Pacific, paying $7.50 freight. Later in afternoon Nellie and I went east on beach and collected 470 fossils from base of cliff and also from half way to top. The Tagelus   Tagelus all came from upper horizon, also collected 10 recent shells. Total collections to date 11,318.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, July 14, 1909  July 14, 1909

Cloudy morning, as usual, Clear before noon. Packed my trunk in forenoon. Went to beach to see Elk national Convention crowd in afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali.   Long Beach, California, July 15, 1909  July 15, 1909

Cloudy morning. Nellie and I came to Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California on the 10:30 a.m. electric, sending my trunk on the Salt Lake. At L.A.   Los Angeles, Californiawe stood on a box and saw part of the Elk's parade, got lunch at small restaurant opposite Pacific Electric Station   Pacific Electric Station, then I went to Salt Lake Station   Salt Lake Station and from there to Frank's house. In evening, we all went to Frank's office in City Hall and saw electric parade of floats on street car tracks. Hot afternoon, cool evening.

Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, July 16, 1909  July 16, 1909

I stayed at Franks house until late afternoon, then Frank and I went to Redondo   Redondo Beach, California and tried new bath house, returning at 7 p.m.Nellie went with Ina to see parade, and Maud Harris and husband and her mother came back with them. Cloudy morning and evening, bright afternoon.

Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, July 17, 1909  July 17, 1909

Cloudy morning, clear but hazy at 8 a.m. I called on Louise Thompson Lampshire at here (sic) store on Pico St., then went with her to her home to see her daughter margaret. Afterwards visited Chamber of Commerce builing. Reached house at 12:15. In evening, Nellie, Lucy and I went to Henry's.

Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, July 18, 1909  July 18, 1909

Very bright, warm morning, but cool breeze soon sprang up. Frank, Henry, Lucy, Nellie and I went to Glendale   Glendale, California on the 10:30 car, dined at Dr. A. L. Bryant's and I spent afternoon looking over R. D. Goss' shell collection. Henry and Frank returned early the rest of us leaving there about 6:30 p.m.

Boulder to Colorado Mountain TownsEdit

Boulder to Mountain Towns (Tolland (now a Ghost Town), Newcastle, Meeker, Rifle, etc)



Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, July 17, 1909  July 17, 1909

Cloudy morning, clear but hazy at 8 a.m. I called on Louise Thompson Lampshire at here (sic) store on Pico St., then went with her to her home to see her daughter margaret. Afterwards visited Chamber of Commerce builing. Reached house at 12:15. In evening, Nellie, Lucy and I went to Henry's.

Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, July 18, 1909  July 18, 1909

Very bright, warm morning, but cool breeze soon sprang up. Frank, Henry, Lucy, Nellie and I went to Glendale   Glendale, California on the 10:30 car, dined at Dr. A. L. Bryant's and I spent afternoon looking over R. D. Goss' shell collection. Henry and Frank returned early the rest of us leaving there about 6:30 p.m.

Los Angeles, Cali.   Los Angeles, California, Monday {{dated}1909-07-19|July 19, 1909}}

Usual fog this morning. Left Los Angeles   Los Angeles, California, on Salt Lake Road at 10 a.m., still hazy. Not as warm as I expected in forenoon, but afternoon very bright and hot on desert. T 96+ at 6 p.m.

July 20, 1909  July 20, 1909

Bright morning. For the first time I shaved while train was in motion and with not trouble or cuts. Cool breeze all day. Fine stream and marshes for mollusks etc. , just east of Evans   Evans, California. Does not look good for fossils. Red predominates in rocks from Salt Lake   Great Salt Lake to Evans   Evans, California. and further. The tunnel 50 minutes from Evans   Evans, California. (east) occupied 4 1/2 minutes at fair speed. Bluffs, probably Tertiary, appeared on both sides before reaching Granger   Granger, Wyoming, bounding (sic) the broad shallow valley of a stream. At Green River   Green River, Colorado the lower part of bluffs very light colored, darker above and nearly red at top.

Cheyenne, Wyo.   Cheyenne, Wyoming Wednesday July 21, 1909  July 21, 1909

Bright morning. Left Cheyenne   Cheyenne, Wyomingat 8;35 a.m. Quite warm at noon. Reached Denver   Denver, Colorado at 11:35. Felger (?) met me at Depot and we talked over our coming trip as we visited D and R. G. offices. I left for Boulder   Boulder, Colorado on 12:30 train. Had Yates take me and my baggage to the museum, where I unpacked my trunk and examine my mail. Then went to Boulderado Hotel   Boulderado Hotel, took a bath and dined. Fine rain at 6 p.m. Everything here is green and beautiful. I am told that rain has been abundant.

Boulder, Colo   Boulder, Colorado, July 22, 1909  July 22, 1909

Quite warm today. I have written a large number of letters, finished packing and shipping our goods to Newcastle, Colo.   Newcastle, Colorado, for our trip. Terry Duce called in evening to talk over trip.

Boulder, Colo.   Boulder, Colorado, July 23, 1909  July 23, 1909

Cooler. At 1 p.m. there was a terrific thunderstorm. Two or three people drowned and others injured in flood in Two Mile canyon   Two Mile Canyon, Colorado. Terry Duce called in evening for final instructions.

Boulder, Colo.   Boulder, Colorado, July 24, 1909  July 24, 1909

Hot morning, partly cloudy, remaining so through the day. Finished reading Enos a Mills' "Wild Life on the Rockies" Went to Denver   Denver, Colorado on 6;30 p.m. interurban, riding in seat with henry Drumm. Went to Albany Hotel   Albany Hotel and got a room and retired early.

Denver, Colo.   Denver, Colorado, July 25, 1909  July 25, 1909

Arose at 6 a.m. Found W. W. Robbins and mother on 17th St. and took them to breakfast at home dairy. Then went to Union Depot   Union Depot and arranged for transfer of Mrs. Robbins baggage, walked to Moffat Depot   Moffat Depot and took 8 a.m. train, which was crowded. Bright but comfortable morning. Reached Tolland   Tolland, Colorado at 10:15. Dr. Ramaley and I went down gulch a short distance from the mountain laboratory. Tolland is 8889 ft. above sea level in a fine mountain valley, modified by glacial action. Moraine consists chiefly of granite and gneiss, and have been cut through by South Boulder Creek   South Boulder Creek, Colorado. Down creek in forenoon we saw white crowned sparrows, Lincoln sparrows   Melospiza lincolnii and Brewer blackbirds   Euphagus cyanocephalus, besides a small bird which looked much like a chipping sparrow   Spizella passerina. In afternoon, Robbins, Prosser and I went up stream and collected several species of snails   Gastropoda under aspens   Populus. In evening I identified and labelled the birds collected by Robbins.


Tolland, Col.   Tolland, Colorado,July 26, 1909  July 26, 1909

Bright, hot morning, cooler and partly cloudy toward 10 a.m. Arose at 6 a.m. and went down gulch to Rollinsville   Rollinsville, Colorado with Ramaley, eating fruit and crackers along the way. The moraines end where the gulch narrows below Tolland   Tolland, Colorado. White crowned sparrows   Zonotrichia leucophrys, hummingbirds   Trochilidae and magpies   Corvidae common. A few chickadees   Poecile. One grayheaded junco   Junco hyemalis caniceps at Rollinsville Station   Rollinsville, Colorado. A few barn swallows   Hirundo rustica and numbers of Brewer blackbirds   Euphagus cyanocephalus. At 2 p.m. I lectured at the mountain laboratory   Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory on "birds and their relation to man" and at 7 p.m. on "the large mammals of the United States". In latter part of afternoon I helped Rollins pack the collections. Rained hard from 3 to 4 p.m.

Tolland, Colo.   Tolland, Colorado, July 27, 1909  July 27, 1909

Bright, cool, windy morning, heavy bank of clouds to the west over the range, soon breaking up. Spent most of forenoon packing up, but collected leeches   Annelidae, Crustacea   Crustacea and water beetles   water beetles for half an hour in the lake north of the laboratory. At 2 p.m. lectured at laboratory on birds, including a general account of Colorado birds. At 4:30 Robbins and I went down valley a short distance. At 5:30 there were 15 night hawks hovering over the meadow. At 6 p.m. saw none. Barn swallows   Hirundo rustica abundant, violet green less so. At 7 p.m. I lectured at the laboratory on "Glaciers of Colorado, existing and extinct".

Tolland, Colo.   Tolland, Colorado, July 28, 1909  July 28, 1909

Bright, fresh, breezy morning. Started for Jenny Lake at 10:15. Robbins and I and Mr. And Mrs. Pennoc and Miss Wollman. Came down gulch on foot. In pond at 10,500 ft collected Pisidia   Pisidia and water beetles. On way back saw 3 hermit thrushes   Catharus guttatus, one young. At Newcomb, 9300 ft., saw 2 red shafted flicker   Colaptes auratus and a western robin   western robin. At railroad bridge saw a night hawk   Chordeilinae at 4:30 flying very high. The country traversed today is heavily glaciated. The Forest lake and the two above it and many others occur in a valley heading in a glacial cirque. Some are rock basins, others morainal. There are rock ridges cutting across the gulch, as at North Boulder   North Boulder Gulch and Camp Albion   Camp Albion Gulch gulches. That gulch leads into another, which in twin leads into South Boulder Creek   South Boulder Creek, Colorado (see map in paper by Ramaley or Robbins). Glaciation extends down South Boulder   South Boulder Creek, Colorado to a mile or so below Tolland   Tolland, Colorado. Below that we saw no plain evidence of it. Up creek a gulch coming in from the south looks even more heavily glaciated. Perhaps this is because the topography is not so much affected by post-glacial erosion. The bird fauna as I have noticed it of this region is as follows: Red shafted flicker   Colaptes auratus
Brewer blackbird   Euphagus cyanocephalus
Red naped sapsucker   Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Barn swallow   Hirundo rustica
Violet green swallow   Tachycineta thalassiana
Night hawk   Chordeilinae
Red wing blackbird   Agelaius phoeniceus
White crown sparrow   Zonotrichia leucophrys
Killdeer   Charadrius vociferus (Robbins)
Golden crowned kinglet   Regulus satrapa
Pine grosbeak   Pinicola enucleator (higher up)
Audubon hermit thrush   Catharus guttatus (higher up)
Chipping sparrow   Spizella passerina ?
Broadwing hummingbird   Trochilidae
Gray headed junco   Junco hyemalis caniceps- Rollinsville   Rollinsville, Colorado to timberline
Chickadee   Poecile
Magpie   Magpie
Dipper   Cinclus
Mt. Bluebird   Sialia
Red headed woodpecker   Melanerpes erythrocephalus (one specimen)
Western meadowlark   Sturnella
Long crested jay   Cyanocitta stelleri
Clarke crow   Nucifraga columbiana (Robbins)
Rocky Mt. Jay   Cyanocitta stelleri (specimen thrown away)
Yellow warbler   Dendroica aestiva (Robbins)
Robin   Turdus migratorius to timberline

The robins   Turdus migratorius I have seen are the western but a specimen taken by Robbins has the white tips of outer tail feather very distinct. In catching the large (1/2 inch long) water beetles   water beetles today I noticed that I could not catch them at all by grabbing at them as they rested on the surface of the water, but never failed when I dipped my hand quickly but quietly beneath them and scooped them up. Very few clouds through the day, rather warm , sprinkled a little in evening.

Tolland, Colo.   Tolland, Colorado, July 29, 1909  July 29, 1909

Warm morning, but partly cloudy. Rained hard during night. At 8:45 Robbins and I started west on the partly completed state road to apex, which climbs the south side of South Boulder canyon   South Boulder Canyon, Colorado. Fine view of Boulder Park   Boulder Park. The park is a partly filled and partly drained morainal lake, the moraine being just east of the railroad station a few hundred rods, the remnant of the lake being north of the station. A strip of considerable width through the park has been reworked by South Boulder Creek   South Boulder Creek, Colorado since the glacier retreated. The terrace is sharply outlined on each side of the present course of the stream, and numerous small lagoons mark the cut-off oxbow loops. The present stream shows a beautiful system of meanders. Along the road a short distance from the village are several deposits of slide rock separated from the main ridge by a shallow depression. . They lie on a steep slope and are apparently the result of rock sliding over a post glacial snow and ice bank for years and stopping at the foot of the ice or snow. The moraine here extends up the slopes several hundred feet. There appears to be a roche moutonee within South Boulder canyon   South Boulder Canyon, Colorado. At mouth of Mammoth Gulch   Mammoth Gulch the moraine is very deep, perhaps 200 or 300 ft. On each side there is a hummocky lateral moraine. Two long, parallel, narrow ridges extend up gulch for a mile. Between them flows the creek. E of the E ridge is a wet valley in which but little water now flows. To the W of the W ridge is the Teller Lake   Teller Lake and its valley. Perhaps the two stream valleys were subglacial stream beds and continued to flow from the end of the retreating glacier. Certainly there must have been considerable post glacial erosion, as the grade of the gulch is steep and the present stream is swift. The whole wide valley is a beautiful example of glacial topography. The glacier headed on E side of James Peak   James Peak, Colorado. Teller Lake   Teller Lake is morainal, and is very near the mouth of the gulch. At present South Boulder   South Boulder Creek, Colorado is the main stream and Mammoth is a tributary. Came down E valley on way back, and followed railroad through cuts which expose gneiss ridges extending out diagonally into the South Boulder valley   South Boulder Canyon, apparently the result of fluting by the glacier as in the upper North Boulder canyon   North Boulder Canyon. A rough diagram is as follows: ((Drawing in field book)). Rained hard at 1 p.m. and continued fitfully through afternoon.

Tolland, Colo.   Tolland, Colorado, July 30, 1909  July 30, 1909

Fine, bright morning, cold at first but soon warming. Had early breakfast. Miss Kirkton left on 7:05 train for her home in Canyon (sic) City   Cañon City. After breakfast we finished packing everything which is to be shipped from the laboratory and got outfit to the train by 11:30. Very tired. Miss Bruderlin, Robbins and mother, Miss McKenzie and I left Tolland   Tolland, Colorado on 3:56 train for Denver   Denver, Colorado. Reached Denver   Denver, Colorado at 6 p.m. Felger met us at Moffat depot   Moffat depot and helped with baggage to Union depot   Union depot where we checked it. The others went to Boulder   Boulder, Colorado and I went with Felger to spend the night at his home. Page:Field Notes of Junius Henderson, Notebook 3.pdf/53

Denver, Colo.   Denver, Colorado, July 31, 1909  July 31, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Felger and I left Denver   Denver, Colorado on D & R.G. at 8 a.m. Cloudy with cool breeze most of day. Reached Newcastle   Newcastle, Colorado at 11:30 p.m. and went to Albany Hotel   Albany Hotel.



Newcastle, Colo.   Newcastle, Colorado, Aug 1, 1909  August 1, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Up at 6:30 and found Terry Duce at hotel. ((J. Terry Duce later became a famous oil geologist. He was sent to all parts of the world and while there often collected specimens for us. We have many butterflies   butterfly from South America   South America that he collected and sent here.)) After breakfast, Felger, Terry and I walked up Elk Creek   Elk Creek, Colorado half a mile to the camp of the U. S. Geol. Survey party which is engaged in coal land work under Albert E. Beekley. At W edge of town the end of the Great Hogback has strata dipping about S by W. After noon we circled the big hill north of town, Felger soon turning back. Terry and I going across the valley to the lower Mancos lying along the bluffs. We found dead Oreohelix haydeni gobbiana   Oreohelix haydeni gobbiana sprinkling the slopes wherever we went, following up to the top of the mesa we found them alive under mountain mahogany   Cercocarpus, but not elsewhere. The strata dip approximately S and the angle is 35¡ or 40¡. At top of mesa is a conglomerate composed of boulders up to 18 inches diameter of red sandstone well cemented. Then we followed along the limestone and calcareous shales resembling the Niobrara of Owl Canyon   Owl Canyon, Colorado region, and found Inoceramus deformis