Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar/160. Concessive Clauses

§160. Concessive Clauses.

160a Besides the use of the imperative in the sense of a concession, meant either seriously (§110a) or mockingly (§110f), and of concessive circumstantial clauses (§141e, §142d, and §156f), concessive clauses may be introduced—

(a) By a simple אִם if: thus Jb 915 with perfect, if (=though) I had been in the right; Is 118 and 10:22 with imperfect in reference to a contingent event.

160b (b) By גַּם כִּי yea though, Is 115 with imperfect; for which we find simply גַּם in Is 4915 with imperfect, yea, though these may forget, yet ...; on the other hand, with perfect, Jer 3625, ψ 959, Neh 61; finally כִּי גַם even if, though, Ec 414. 160c (c) By the preposition עַל־ governing a complete noun-clause, as Jb 1617 עַל לֹֽא־חָמָס בְּכַפָּ֑י notwithstanding that no violence is in mine hands, or a verbal-clause, Is 539. On עַל־ with the infinitive in a similar sense (equivalent to in addition to the fact that = notwithstanding that), cf. §119aa, note 2.