Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar/166. Consecutive Clauses
166a 1. Consecutive clauses are added by means of simple wāw copulative with the jussive, especially after negative and interrogative sentences, e.g. Nu 2319 לֹא אִישׁ אֵל וִיֽכַזֵּב וּבֶן־אָדָם וְיִתְנֶחָ֑ם God is not a man, that he should lie, and (i.e. neither) the son of man, that he should repent; Is 532 וְנֶחְמְדֵ֫הוּ; Ho 1410 מִי חָכָם וְיָבֵן אֵ֫לֶּה נָבוֹן וְיֵֽדָעֵם who is wise, that he may understand these things? prudent, that he may know them? Jb 512 וְלֹא=so that ... not; in Pr 303 וְ is separated from the predicate by the object. In Gn 1610 a negative consecutive clause comes after a cohortative, and in Ex 105 after a perfect consecutive.—On the other hand, in Jb 932, 33 the jussive in the sense of a consecutive clause is attached without Wāw to the preceding negative sentence (in verse 32 a second jussive follows, likewise without Wāw, for he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, that we should come together in judgement). On the imperfect consecutive as expressing a logical consequence, see §111l; on the perfect consecutive as a consecutive clause after a participle, see §112n.
166b 2. Conjunctions introducing consecutive clauses are again (see §157c, note 3) כִּי and אֲשֶׁר=so that; especially again after interrogative sentences, according to §107u; cf. Nu 1611, כִּי with the imperfect, that ye murmur; but in Gn 2010 with the perfect, in reference to an action already completed. On אֲשֶׁר with the imperfect (or jussive) equivalent to so that, cf. further Gn 1316, 2214; with perfect and imperfect, 1 K 312 f., with the demonstrative force clearly discernible, depending on לֵב; on אֲשֶׁר לֹא=ut non, cf. Dt 2835, 1 K 38, 2 K 937.
On מִן with a substantive or infinitive as the equivalent of a consecutive clause, see §119y.