Handbook of Maritime Rights


HANDBOOK


OF


MARITIME RIGHTS,


AND


THE DECLARATION OF PARIS CONSIDERED.



BY


H. A. MUNRO-BUTLER-JOHNSTONE, M.P.




LONDON:
W. RIDGWAY, 169, PICCADILLY, W.


1876.



"Maritime Rights" are the title deeds of this country. Without them, an insignificant island in the German Ocean could never have attained its present height of greatness and of splendour. Deprived of them, it must infallibly relapse into a position of third or fourth rate importance.

It is for the people of England to say whether they will tamely submit to seeing their title deeds torn up before their eyes, or whether they will, without delay, take the steps necessary to restore them in their integrity.

H. A. M. B. J.



PREFACE.


At the end of the Great War (1815), it would have been a superfluous task to instruct the people of England as to the meaning of "Maritime Rights" Unfortunately it is no longer so. Sixty years of peace, interrupted only by wars, scarcely one of which can be dignified by the name of a Great War, have blunted the country's perception on this question. But should we ever be again overtaken by a serious war, it will not be long before the sense of what we once possessed and considered our most precious heritage will force itself upon the attention of the nation. It is no uncommon thing now-a-days to find even well educated politicians ignorant of the elementary questions involved in " Maritime Rights." It is for the instruction of such persons that I have written this short hand-book.

Should any one wish for more information on the subject, or should any important town in England desire to form a branch Committee of the Maritime League of Great Britain, I place myself at their disposal.

H. A. Munro-Butler-Johnstone.

5, Hamilton Place,
Piccadilly.



CONTENTS.
Chapter. Page
I. Blockades 1
II. Privateer 8
III. The Eight of Search 17
IV. The Right of Capture 25
V. International Law and the Reason of the Thing 35
VI. Treaty Exceptions to the Law of Nations 46
VII. The Prussian Remonsteance 63
VIII. The Armed Neutralities 73
IX. The Crimean War and the Declaration of Paris 83
X. Consequences of the Declaration of Paris 97
XI. Sparing all Private Property at Sea 106
XII. Conclusion 120



By the same Author.


LETTERS ON IRELAND.

THE FAIR OF NIJNI-NOVGOROD AND A TRIP UP THE VOLGA, 1875.

THE EASTERN QUESTION IN 1875.

THE TURKS: THEIR CHARACTER, MANNERS, AND INSTITUTIONS, AS BEARING ON THE EASTERN QUESTION, 1876.

PUBLISHED BY

JAMES PARKER & CO., 377, STRAND.


ALSO,

THE BULGARIAN HORRORS AND THE QUESTION OF THE EAST.
A Letter addressed to the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, 1876.

PUBLISHED BY

WILLIAM RIDGWAY, 169, PICCADILLY.


This work was published before January 1, 1925, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.