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Hawaiki The Original Home of the Maori

HAWAIKI:

THE ORIGINAL HOME OF THE MAORI;


WITH A SKETCH OF POLYNESIAN HISTORY.


By S. PERCY SMITH, F.R.G.S.,

Hon. Cor. Member Societá Italiana d'Anthropologia, a Governor of the
New Zealand Institute, Hon. Secretary of the Polynesian
Society, &c., &c., &c.


Second Edition. Enlarged and Mostly Re-written.


Christchurch, Wellington and Dunedin, N.Z.:
Melbourne and London:

WHITCOMBE AND TOMBS LIMITED.

1904.


He ahunga mai, he aponga mai, i Hawaiki;
Ka tupu, ka rito, ka toto, ka take, ka whakaikura.

Hawaiki p011.jpg

Hawaiki p015.jpg

Dedicated

to the memory of

ABRAHAM FORNANDER,

District Judge of Hawaii,
the first Polynesian
scholar to apply the
Polynesian traditions to
the solution of
the origin of the Race.

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.




This work was first published in the "Journal of the Polynesian Society," Vols. VII. and VIII., and subsequently issued in book form. It has now been largely re-written, and the whole rearranged in such a manner as to form a sketch of the History of the Polynesian race—particularly the Maori-Rarotongan branch—down to the separation of the New Zealand Maoris from the original stock, when they migrated from Eastern Polynesia to New Zealand. The work is treated from the point of view of the Traditions, and mainly from those of Rarotonga, a written copy of which was secured by the author in Rarotonga in 1897. These traditions were dictated by Te Ariki tara-are, the last of the high priests of Rarotonga, and therefore are from the highest authority possible. A few of the Traditions themselves have been published—both in the native language and in English—in the above-named journal, but the bulk of them remain as yet untranslated.

S. PERCY SMITH.

Matai-moana,
New Plymouth, N.Z.


CONTENTS.




CHAPTER PAGE
I. The Polynesian Race and its Traditions 9
II. Genealogical Connections and Chronology 21
III. Names of the Traditional Fatherland—
Hawaiki 38
Tawhiti 50
Wawau 53
Mataora 55
Raro or Roro 55
Atia-te-varinga-nui 57
IV. The Polynesians Originated in India 64
V. The Gangetic Race 66
Dates in Indian History 74
VI. The "Log Books" of the Migrations 77
VII. Sketch of the History of the Race 89
Atia-te-varinga-nui, or Hawaiki-nui 90
Avaiki-te-varinga, or Avaiki 95
The White Race 95
Sojourn in Indonesia 98
The Papuan Race of Indonesia 102
Maui, the Ancient Hero 105
Arrival in Fiji 111
The Polynesians as Navigators 123
Occurrences in Fiji, Samoa, Haapai, &c. 140
Sojourn in Eastern Polynesia 165
The Settlement of Rarotonga 172
Tahitian Origin of the Maoris 193
Rarotongan Account of the Migrations to N.Z. 204
Table of Dates in Polynesian History 222

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.


The author died in 1922, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.