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Levizac, Jean Pons Victor Lecoutz de (DNB00)


LEVIZAC, JEAN PONS VICTOR LECOUTZ de (d. 1813), writer on the French language, was born in Languedoc, probably about 1750, of a noble family of Alby. He was educated for the church, and obtained a canonry in the cathedral of Vabres. In 1776 he received a prize for an essay, ‘Le bienfait rendu,’ from the Académie des Jeux Floraux. At the revolution he fled to Holland, and thence to England. If he be, as seems probable, the Jean de Levizac who is mentioned by Plasse, he was at the time of his flight vicar-general of the diocese of St. Omer. For the rest of his life he resided in London, taught French, and wrote numerous books on the French language. He died in London in 1813. Levizac's chief works were: 1. ‘L'Art de Parler et d'Ecrire correctement la Langue Française,’ London, 1797, 8vo, 1801, &c. This work was praised by Henry (Hist. de la Langue Française, ii. 36). 2. ‘Abrégé de la Grammaire Française,’ London, 1798. 3. ‘A Treatise on the Sounds of the French Language,’ London, 1800. 4. ‘Dictionnaire Universel des Synonymes de la Langue Française,’ London, 1807, 8vo; 2nd edit. 1809. 5. ‘French and English and English and French Dictionary,’ 1808, 8vo; 2nd edit. 1815.

[Watt's Bibl. Brit.; Quérard's La France Littéraire, v. 282 (complete list of works); F.-X. Plasse's Le Clergé Français réfugié en Angleterre, ii. 439; Biog. Universelle.]

W. A. J. A.