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QUERY IX.




THE NUMBER AND CONDITION OF THE MILITIA AND REGULAR TROOPS, AND THEIR PAY?


The following is a state of the militia, taken from returns of 1780 and 1781, except in those counties marked with an asterisk, the returns from which are somewhat older.


Situation. Counties. Militia.



Westward
of the
Allegany

4458.
 Lincoln, 600 
 Jefferson, 300 
 Fayette, 156 
 Ohio,
 Monongalia, *1000 
 Washington, *829 
 Montgomery, 1071 
 Greenbriar, 502 
Between
the
Allegany
and
Blue Ridge

7673.
 Hampshire, 930 
 Berkeley, *1100 
 Frederick, 1143 
 Shenando, *925 
 Rockingham, 875 
 Augusta, 1375 
 Rockbridge, *625 
 Botetourt, *700 
Between
the
Blue
Ridge
and
Tide
Waters

18,828.
 Loudoun, 1746 
 Fauquier, 1078 
 Culpeper, 1513 
 Spotsylvania, 480 
 Orange, *600 
 Louisa, 603 
 Goochland, *550 
 Fluvanna, *296 
 Albemarle, 873 
 Amherst, 896 
 Buckingham, *625 
 Bedford, 1300 
 Henry, 1004 
 Pittsylvania, *725 
 Halifax, *1139 
 Charlotte, 612 
 Prince Edward, 589 
 Cumberland, 408 
 Powhatan, 330 
 Amelia, *1125 
 Lunenburg, 677 
 Mecklenburg, 1100 
 Brunswic, 559 
ON THE
TIDE
WATERS
AND
IN THAT
 PARALLEL 

19,012.
Between
the
James
River
and
Carolina

6959.
 Greenesville, 500 
 Dinwiddie, *750 
 Chesterfield, 655 
 Prince George, 382 
 Surry, 380 
 Sussex, *700 
 Southampton, 874 
 Isle of Wight, *600 
 Nansemond, *644 
 Norfolk, *880 
 Princess Anne, *594 
Between
James
and
York
Rivers

3009.
 Henrico, 619 
 Hanover, 796 
 New Kent, *418 
 Charles City, 286 
 James City, 235 
 Williamsburg, 129 
 York, *244 
 Warwick, *100 
 Elizabeth City, 182 
Between
York and
Rappahanoc

3259.
 Caroline, 805 
 King William, 436 
 King and Queen,  500 
 Essex, 468 
 Middlesex, *210 
 Gloucester, 850 
Between
Rappahanoc
and
Patowmac

4137.
 Fairfax, 652 
 Prince William, 614 
 Stafford, *500 
 King George, 483 
 Richmond, 412 
 Westmoreland, 544 
 Northumberland,  630 
 Lancaster, 302 
Eastern Shore.
1638.
 Accomac, *1208 
 Northampton, *430 

Whole Militia of the State,  49,971 

See Topographical Analysis in App. IV.

Every able-bodied freeman, between the ages of 16 and 50, is enrolled in the militia. Those of every county are formed into companies, and these again into one or more battalions, according to the numbers in the county. They are commanded by Colonels, and other subordinate officers, as in the regular service. In every county is a County-Lieutenant, who commands the whole Militia of his county, but ranks only as a Colonel in the field. We have no general officers always existing. These are appointed occasionally, when an invasion or insurrection happens, and their commission determines with the occasion. The Governor is head of the military, as well as civil power. The law requires every Militia-man to provide himself with the arms usual in the regular service. But this injunction was always indifferently complied with, and the arms they had have been so frequently called for to arm the Regulars that in the lower parts of the country they are entirely disarmed. In the middle country a fourth or fifth part of them may have such firelocks as they had provided to destroy the noxious animals which infest their farms; and on the western side of the Blue Ridge they are generally armed with rifles. The pay of our Militia, as well as of our Regulars, is that of the Continental Regulars. The condition of our Regulars, of whom we have none but Continentals, and part of a battalion of State troops, is so constantly on the change that a state of it at this day would not be its state a month hence. It is much the same with the condition of the other Continental troops, which is well enough known.