On the movements and habits of climbing plants

ON THE


MOVEMENTS AND HABITS


OF


CLIMBING PLANTS.


BY

CHARLES DARWIN, Esq., F.R.S., F.L.S. etc.


From the Journal of the Linnean Society.


LONDON:

SOLD AT THE SOCIETY'S APARTMENTS, BURLINGTON HOUSE;

AND BY

LONGMAN, GREEN, LONGMAN, ROBERTS & GREEN,

AND

WILLIAMS AND NORGATE.

1865.

Table of Contents.

PAGE PAGE
Introduction
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1
Axial twisting
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
5
Nature of the revolving movement
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
7
Purpose of the revolving movement, and manner of the spiral ascent
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
9
Table of the rates of revolution
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
14
Anomalous revolvers
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
21
Variations in the power of twining
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
24
Clematis
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
26
Tropæolum
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
34
Antirrhineæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
38
Solanum
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
41
Fumariaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
43
Cocculus
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
45
Gloriosa
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
45
Flagellaria
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
46
Nepenthes
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
46
Summary on Leaf-climbers
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
47
Bignoniaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
49
Polemoniaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
61
Leguminosæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
65
Compositæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
67
Smilaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
68
Fumariaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
70
Cucurbitaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
73
Vitaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
79
Sapindaceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
87
Passifloraceæ
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
89
Spiral contraction of tendrils
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
92
Summary of the nature and action of tendrils
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
98
Hook-climbers
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
105
Root-climbers
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
105
Concluding remarks on Climbing-plants
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
107


This work was published before January 1, 1926, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.