BALASORE —BAL EARIC ISLANDS (Willey), part iii. 1899 ; see also Q. J. M. S. voh xlii. external form, should follow two such diverse methods of Results p. 223, 1899.—Hill, J. P. “The Enteropneusta of Funafuti,” development. „^ , Distribution.—Some thirty species of Balanoglossus are known, Mem. Austral. Mus., iii. 1897-98.—Caullery, M., et Mesnil, F. “Balanoglossus Kochleri, n. sp. English Channel, C. R. hoc. distributed among all the principal marine provinces from Green- Biol. lii. p. 256, 1900. (a. W.*) land to Now Zealand. The species which occurs in the English Channel is Ptychodera samiensis. The Ptychoderidse and SpenBalasore, a town and district of British. India, in gelidse are predominantly tropical and subtropical, while the the Orissa province of Bengal, on the right bank of the Balano'dossidae are predominantly arctic and temperate in their distribution. One of the most singular facts concerning the geo- river Burabalang, about seven miles from the sea. The graphical distribution of Enteropneusta has recently been brought town still possesses a large maritime trade, despite the silting-up of the river mouth. It is a station on the Bast Coast railway. It has a high school, two printing-presses, which each issue a vernacular newspaper, and three literary institutions. Population, about 21,000. The district of Balasore, which stretches along the coast between the sea and the hills of Orissa, has an area of 2473 square miles. The population in 1891 was 994,536, giving an average density of 402 persons per square mile ; Hindus numbering 969,211, Mahommedans 24,250, Christians 1075, of whom 96 were Europeans. In 1901 the population was 1,081,426, showing an increase of 9 per cent. Land revenue and rates (1897-98) were Rs.4,88,011; the number of police was 396; boys at school (1896-97), 31,277. Almost the only crop grown is rice, which is largely exported by sea. The registered death-rate (1897) was 30‘5 per 1000. The former industry of manufacturing salt from sea-brine by boiling in pots is now extinct. The country is exposed to destructive floods from the hillrivers, and also from cyclonic storm-waves. The district is traversed throughout its entire length by the navigable Orissa coast canal, and also by the East Coast railway, from Calcutta to Madras. The seaports of Balasore, Chandbali, and Dhamra conduct a very large coasting trade, valued in 1897-98 at Rs.1,38,05,460, or nearly a million sterling. The number of vessels that cleared was 420, with a tonnage of 107,919. The exports are almost confined to rice, which is sent to Ceylon, the Maldives, and Mauritius. The imports consist of cotton twist and piece goods, mineral oils, metals, betel-nuts, and salt. Balaton (Plattensee), the largest lake of Middle Europe, in the south-west of Hungary, situated between the counties of Veszprem, Zala, and Somogy. Its length is 48 miles, average breadth 3|-4^ miles, greatest breadth 71 miles, least breadth a little less than 1 mile. It covers 266 square miles, and has a greatest depth of 149 feet. Its northern shores are bordered by the beautiful basaltic cones of the Bakony Mountains, the volcanic soil of which produces grapes yielding excellent wine; the southern consist partly of a marshy plain, partly of downs. The most beautiful point of the lake is that where the peninsula of Tihany projects in the waters. An ancient church of the Benedictines is here situated on the top of a hill. In a tomb therein is buried Andrew I. (d. 1061), a king of the Hungarian Arpadian dynasty. The temperature of the water varies greatly, in a manner resembling that of the sea, and many connect to lio-ht by Bonham, who found a species of Balanoglossus s. str. its origin with a sea of the Miocene period, the waters of on the coast of New Zealand hardly distinguishable from one occurring off Japan. Finally, Glandiceps abyssicola (Spengelidse) which are said to have covered the Hungarian plain. was dredged during the Challenger expedition in the Atlantic About fifty streams flow into the lake, which drains into Ocean off the coast of Africa at a depth of 2500 fathoms.. Danube and is well stocked with fish. It often Authorities.—Bateson, W. “ Memoirs on the Direct De- the freezes in winter. Lake Balaton is of growing importance velopment of Balanoglossus,” Quart. Journ. Micr. Set. vols. xxiv.xxvi 1884-1886.—Benham, W. B. “Balanoglossus otagoensis, n. as a bathing resort. sp.,”’<?. J. M. S. vol. xlii. p. 497, 1899. —Delage, Yves et Balayan, a town of 24,700 inhabitants, at the HIhioua ill), ilu. Traite de zoologie concrete, tome viii. “ Les head of the Gulf of Balayan, in the province of Batangas, Procordes,”’ 1898.—Harmer, S. F. “Note on the Name Balanoglossus,” Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. x. p. 190, 1900.—Morgan, T. H. Luzon, Philippine Islands. It has an extremely healthful “ Memoirs on the Indirect Development of Balanoglossus,” Journ. climate, and is in the midst of a very fertile district, which Morph, vol. v. 1891, and vol. ix. 1894.—Ritter, W. E. “ Harri- produces rice, cacao, coffee, pepper, and cotton. Horses mania maculosa, a new Genus and Species of Enteropneusta from and cattle are raised for market in considerable number. Alaska ” Papers from the Harriman Alaska Exhibition, ii., Proc. Washington Ac. ii. p. HI, 1?00.—Stengel, J. W. ‘‘Die The fisheries are important. The language is Tagalog. Enteropneusten,” Eighteenth Monograph on the Fauna und Flora Balearic Islands, a group of islands in the des Golfes von Neapel, 1893.—Willey, A. “ Enteropneusta from Mediterranean, off the east coast of Spain, of which they the South Pacific, with Notes on the West Indian Species,” Zool. 86
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