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BANFFY-HUNYAD — BANGKOK 109 distillers tends to keep up the acreage, though the predominant Bangalore, a city of India, the capital of the crop is oats ; the barley acreage was 11,725 in 1898 and 16,504 in native state of Mysore and also a British cantonment. 1899, and the oat acreage was 46,874 in the latter year. Cattlefeeding is, however, the staple agricultural industry. There is also It is 3113 feet above the sea, 216 miles west of Madras a fair proportion of dairy farming. The following table gives the by rail. The total area is about 15 square miles. The principal acreage at intervals of five years from 1880 :— total population in 1881 was 155,857, in 1891 it was 180,366, and in 1901 it was 159,030, showing a decrease Area under Corn Green Year. Crops. Clover. Permanent Crops. Crops. Pasture. Fallow. of 12 per cent., due to the effects of plague. When the state of Mysore was restored to its raja in 1881, the civil 1880 167,317 62,099 28,875 67,097 8,946 300 and military station of Bangalore was permanently reserved 1885 168,595 62,457 27,978 65,558 12,299 273 1890 172,563 62,238 28,368 69,618 11,000 312 under British jurisdiction as an “ assigned tract.” It has 1895 160,240 57,810 25,508 62,801 13,959 140 an area of 12‘4 square miles, and had in 1881 a population 1899 160,260 57,640 25,031 67,665 9,862 88 of 93,540; in 1891 of 100,081, of whom 17,902 were The following table gives particulars of the live stock in the same Christians; and in 1901 of 159,030. The municipal income in 1897-98 was Rs.3,29,097; the number of boys at school years:— was 5227, of girls 2610, giving a total of 7837, or 52 per Cows or Total Total Heifers in Sheep. Pigs. Year. Horses. cent, of the estimated population of school-going age; the Cattle. Milk or Calf. registered death-rate in 1897 was 21-53 per thousand. 1880 8127 40,259 12,548 Bangalore is the headquarters of a military district, with 49,128 2837 1885 8072 43,574 13,682 57,816 3920 accommodation for a strong force of all arms and an 1890 8381 45,216 13,970 68,262 4306 arsenal in the old fort. A considerable number of Euro1895 8881 41,764 12,470 62,703 2461 pean pensioners reside here. A new palace has been built 1899 8915 44,561 13,377 71,400 2735 for the Maharaja. There is an aided Roman Catholic Of 3737 holdings in 1895, the date of the last return, the average college, besides many schools for Europeans. A permanent size was 43 acres. The percentage under 5 acres was 20‘84, between water-supply has been introduced, and a complete system 5 and 50 acres 51'73, and above 50 acres 27 "IS. Farms between of drainage is under consideration. Bangalore is an 50 and 100 acres numbered 556 ; between 100 and 300, 439 ; and over 300 acres, 30 ; only 2 being over 500 acres. There were 30,955 important railway centre. There are two cotton mills acres under wood in 1895. According to the census of 1891 there with 248 looms and 30,872 spindles, employing 1600 were 7139 men and 415 women engaged in agriculture. hands; four breweries, with an annual out-turn of 470,000 Industries and Trade.—Woollen factories have spread to Dufftown, Rothiemay, and Gollachy, and engineering works in Banff, gallons. The city suffered severely from plague in 1899 Portsoy, and Keith are of importance. There are seven harbours and 1900. at which a miscellaneous and fish trade is done—Banff, Macduff, The district of Bangalore borders on the Madras district Buckie, Gardenstown, Portsoy, Cullen, and Port Gordon; and fishing of Salem. Its area is 2559 square miles; its population is prosecuted at fourteen creeks or harbours along the Banffshire in 1881 was 669,139, and in 1891 it was 802,994, showportion of the Moray Firth. The herring season lasts from June to September ; white fishing is prosecuted all the year round. There ing an increase of 20 per cent., or an average density are two fishery districts in the county centring respectively in of 314 per square mile, being considerably the highest Banff and Buckie, for which, conjointly, the following table gives rate in Mysore; in 1901 the population was 877,927, statistics:— showing a further increase of 9 per cent. The district is Boats. Resident Total Value crossed by several lines of railway. Outside Bangalore Value of Fishermen Year. Gear. and Boys. of all Fish. city there is a woollen mill with 38 looms and 1088 No. Tons. Value. spindles, employing 200 hands, which turns out blankets, 1890 1221 17,101 £135,664 £129,872 5110 £125,852 cloth for greatcoats, and woollen stuffs to the annual value | 1898 1 1161 21,714 £202,819 £152,676 3512 £80,926 of Rs.2,51,600. ‘ 1899 j 1197 23,064 £218,874 £387,023 5364 £79,692 The herring catch only was valued at £41,478 in 1899. The number of persons employed in the two districts in 1899 in connexion with the various branches of the sea fisheries was 5787. Banff contains large limestone deposits ; 24,863 tons valued at £9385 were raised in 1895, and 38,355 tons valued at £5819 in 1899 ; there is also a little granite-quarrying, the output being 1470 tons in 1895 and 7438 tons in 1899. The total industrial population m 1891 was 5175 men and 1479 women. The Great North of Scotland and the Highland Railway Companies have together added 30 miles to the railway mileage of the county. Authorities.—W. Cramond. Annals of Banff. (New Spalding Club) Aberdeen, im.—The Guide to Cullen. Cullen, 1896.—The Guide to Buckie. Buckie, 1898.—Dr. Gordon. Chronicles of Keith, Grange, dsc. Glasgow, 1880.—Banffshire Year-Book. Banff.— Banff and the Neighbourhood. Banff, im.—Trans, of Banffshire Bfffd Club. 'Ra.nK.—Proceedings of the Soc. of Antiq. of Scotland. Edinburgh.—Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland. New edition. LonDickie

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- Botanist’s Guideof to Aberdeen,Banff, Banff, Ac.; Aberdeen, 1860.—W. Cramond. Church Boyndie. 1886 and works by the same author on other churches in the county, mostly published at Banff. Inventory of Charters of Cullen, Banff, lo87 ; and Inventory of Charters of Banff, Banff. (-yy. Wa.) BanfFy-Hunyad, a market-town of the county o Kolozs in Hungary. In the neighbourhood rise the romantic castles of the noble families BAnffy and Barcsai. ft is the centre of the Hungarian tribe of Kalotaszeg, famous for its picturesque dressing, old songs, and popular ■customs, but especially for its beautiful female handiwork, 4H)()0 CallCCl

^alotaszeSi varrottas.”

Population, about

Banganapalle, a state of Southern India, surrounded by the Madras district of Kurnool. Area, 255 square miles; population (1891), 35,496; (1901), 32,279. Estimated revenue, Rs.2,23,000, of which a large portion is alienated in grants to junior branches of the family; no tribute; number of schools, 20, with 671 pupils in 1897-98. The town of Banganapalle is situated in 15° 15' N. lat. and 78° 20' E. long., not far from the branch of the Southern Maratha Railway from Guntakal to Bezwara. Bangkok, the capital of Siam, situated on the river Me Ham, in 100° 30' E. long, and 13° 45' NT. lat., underwent great changes and developments within the last quarter, and especially during the last decade, of the 19th century. The main streets are now for the most part wide, well-made, well-policed, and lighted with electricity. The town is traversed by electric trams, and the river is crowded with steamers. The larger ships are specially built with flat bottoms for crossing the bar, where no improvement has yet been effected by the Government, and the maximum depth at high water does not exceed 15 feet. The more important European countries and the United States are now represented by a minister plenipotentiary and a consular staff, and the European colony has increased to over 600 in number, and includes representatives of many of the best-known firms in the East and of the more important banks. The town is connected with Paknam at the mouth of the river by a