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BASTIA — BASTIEN-LEPAGE

165 times undertook further scientific travels in Africa, South America, and India. The results of these explorations were made public in a long series of separate publications, comprising several on Buddhism, and on the psychological problems presented by native superstitions. Bastian also edited the Zeitschrift fur Ethnoloyie from 1869, in conjunction with Virchow and Robert von Hartmann. On his seventieth birthday, 1896, he was presented with a volume of essays composed by the most distinguished ethnologists Basil a., chief town of arrondissement in the island in celebration of the event, and dedicated to him. of Corsica, 94 miles N.E. of Ajaccio, by rail. The new Bastien-Lepage, Jules (1848-1884), French port has 1100 feet of quayage, served by a railway, and with a depth alongside of 25 feet. The total number painter, was born in the village of Damvillers, Meuse, of vessels entered and cleared in 1899 was 620, with a I ranee, on the 1st of November 1848, and spent his childhood there. He first studied at Verdun, and tonnage of 279,823. Population (1896), 28,357. prompted by a love of art went in 1867 to Paris, where Bastian, Adolf (1826 ),German ethnologist, he was admitted to the Ecole des Beaux Arts, working was born at Bremen 26th June 1826. From his early years under Cabanel. After exhibiting in the Salons of 1870 he devoted himself to travel. Proceeding to Australia in and 1872 works which attracted no attention, in 1874 he 1851 as surgeon on a vessel, he had visited almost every made his mark with his “Song of Spring,” a study of part of the world before his return in 1859. In 1861 he rural life, representing a peasant girl sitting on a knoll departed on an expedition to the Far East, which lasted looking down on a village. His “ Portrait of my Grandfive years. Upon his return he commenced the publica- father,’ exhibited in the same year, was not less remarktion of his great work on The Peoples of Eastern Asia, able for its artless simplicity, and received a third-class an immense store-house of facts owing little to arran^e- medal. This success was confirmed in 1875 by the “ First Communion,” a picture of a little girl minutely worked up as to colour, and a “Portrait of M. Hayem.” In 1875 he took the second Prix de Rome with his “ Angels appearing to the Shepherds,” exhibited again in 1878. His next endeavour to win the Grand Prix de Rome in 1876 with “Priam at the Feet of Achilles ” was again unsuccessful (it is in the Lille gallery), and the painter determined to return to country life. To the Salon of 1877 he sent a full-length “ Portrait of Lady L.” and “ My Parents ” ; and in 1878 a “Portrait of M. Theuriet” and “ The Hay field.” The last picture, now in the Luxembourg gallery, is regarded as a typical work from its stamp of realistic truth. Thenceforth Bastien-Lepage was recognized in France as the leader of a school, and his “ Portrait of Mme. Sarah Bernhardt,” 1879, painted in a light key, won him the Cross of the Legion of Honour. In 1880 he exhibited a small portrait of M. Andrieux and “ Joan of Arc listening to the Voices”; and in the same ' year, at the Royal Academy, the little portrait of the “ Prince of Wales.” In 1881 he painted “ The Beggar ” and the “ Portrait of Albert Wolf”; in 1882 “ Le Pere Jacques”; in 1883 “Love in a Village,” in which we find some trace of Courbet’s influence. His last dated work is “ The Forge,” 1884. The artist, long ailing, had tried in vain to re-establish his health in Algiers. He died in Paris, 10th December 1884, when planning a new series of rural subjects. Among his more important works may also be mentioned the portrait of “ Mme. J. Drouet,” 1883 ; “ Gambetta on his Death-bed,”and some landscapes; “The Vintage,” 1880, and “The Thames at London,” 1882. “The Little Chimney-Sweep” was A Sketch-model for Joan of Arc. (From the Statuette by Bastien-Lepage.) never finished. An exhibition.of his collected works was opened in March and April 1885. ■ nient or style. He settled in Berlin, where he was made A. Theuriet. Bastien-Lepage. 1885. (English Edition. keeper of the Ethnographical Museum ; but at various 1892.) L. de Fouecauh. Bastien-Lepage. 1885. (h. Fr. ) showing an increase of 3 per cent. The land revenue and rates were Rs.24,26,828, the incidence of assessment being R,1:8:10 per acre; the number of police was 2476. There are no canals, but the country is watered by rivers from the hills. In 1896-97, out of a total cultivated area of 1,169,887 acres, 494,814 wTere irrigated from wells, tanks, Ac. A railway from Gorakhpur to Gonda runs through the district; and the river Gogra is navigable. A large trade is conducted with Nepal.