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CARICATURE 587 the doings of Parliament with comic sketches in which Sketch, with Mr Phil May and others ; Black and White, with Mr Mr Furniss, Mr E. T. Peed, and Mr F. C. Gould are his llemy Meyer; the Pall Mall Gazette, first with Mr F. C. Gould, most notable successors. Mr Furniss has satirized the ovnrl u 61 W1^1 1“ R- Halkett. The St Stephen’s Review, whoso i J powerful cartoons, the work of Tom Merry, were so Royal Academy as effectively as the Houses of Parliament. cea se( onmUnJ;’,

I publication in 1892. A tribute should be paid in But he is above all the illustrator of Parliament — the t0 the C0 I°ui'ed cartoons of the Weekly Freeman and creator of Mr Gladstone’s collars, the thief of Lord Ran- /o pt 11)S 1 PaPers, often remarkable for their humour and talent, dolph Churchill’s inches, the immortalizer of so many (see Cartoox and Illustration.) otherwise obscure politicians, the “ artistic contortionist,” Georg (Mill vf.V an<? wittik' upon “Social Pictorial Satire” as thus eutitled, in which he deals more to use his own expression, who has worked the House particularly wit h 1 , k of volume both social ■uKl nnm- i 1„L?ecl )alld K^ne, and with his own. Satire, e fouml of Commons and its doings into so many hundreds of series of articles treated of or touched upon in a Ur"ii Gra *! 1. c papers by GeoreA MMa Un f’ iMr, Humorists,” as well as in miscellaneous eccentric designs. Though Mr Furniss is a man of strong mann and other! i. L San,bourne, Mr M. H. Spielntf V(T’ lumes views, and upholds them with his pencil a outrance, he has History of Punch ? alS? mUch °{ info 0/Mr Spielmann’s histories of ? 0t mclude ™ation Ure d0 man ofonthethe subject. The never been, as is Mr F. C. Gould (of the Westminster Gazette), various but thLe are interests u ? y artists of to-day, a politician first and a caricaturist afterwards. Mr Gould is i-na vol ii and rnr’' Art dv, Hire »P8 t0et,s<de!melaofCaricature, them in Muther’s Modern Paintby Arsene Alexandre. an avowed partisan, and his caricatures are among the most (f. w. w.) formidable weapons of which the Radical party can boast. France.—In that peculiar branch of art which is based Caustic and witty and telling, not specially well drawn, on irony, tun, oddity, and wit, and in which Daumier, but well drawn enough—the likenesses unfailingly caught next to Gavarni,” remains the undisputed master, France and recognizable at a glance—his “ Picture Politics,” as he can show an unbroken series of draughtsmen of strong calls them, have in this way won him a quite unique individuality. Though “Cham” died in 1879, Eugene place in the ranks of caricaturists. There is no evidence Gnaudin 1881, “Randon” in 1884, “Andre Gill” in 1885 of such strenuousness in the work of Mr E. T. Reed (of “ Marcehn ” m 1887, Edouard de Beaumont in 1888, Land Punch). In his parliamentary sketches, as in his “ Animal m 1891, Grevin in 1892, and “Stop” in 1899, a new Land ” and “ Prehistoric Peeps,” Mr Reed is a wholly group has arisen under the leadership of the veterans irresponsible humorist. One finds keen satire, however, “ Nadar and Carjat. Mirthful or satirical, and less in those “Ready-made Coats of Arms” in which he has philosophical than of yore, neglecting history for incident, turned at once his heraldic lore and his insight into and humanity for the puppets of the day, their drawcharacter to such excellent account j as also in such ings, which illustrate daily events, will perpetuate the drawings as his fancy portrait “by induction” of his manner and anecdotes of the time, though the illustrations laundress (a virago belabouring his shirts with a spike- to newspapers, or in prints which need a paragraph of studded club), and that more serious picture in which explanation, show nothing to compare with the Propos de he has drawn a parallel between the tricoteuses awaiting Thomas Virelocque by “Gavarni.” Quantity perhaps makes with grim enjoyment the fall of the guillotine and those up for quality, and some of these artists deserve special modern English gentlewomen who flock to the Old Bailey mention. Draner”and “Henriot” are journalists, carrying as to the play. Here we have the true Hogarthian touch. on the method first introduced by “ Cham ” in the Univers . R would be too much to say that in the field of comic journalism, Illustre: realistic sketches, with no purpose beyond the since 1870, it has been a case of “Eclipse first, and the rest droll illustration of facts, amusing at the time, but of no nowhere ; but though there have been some notable competitors with Punch, there has never been a really “good second.” In value to the print-collector. M. Forain, born at Reims, 23rd Matt Morgan the Tonmhawk (1865-67) could boast an original October 1852, studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts under cartoonist after Tenniel’s style, but without Tenniel’s power and Gerdme and Carpeaux. He first worked for the Courrier humour, and unsupported by a staff of wits and men of letters such Franqais in 1887, and afterwards for Figaro; he was as the great Pu'rych artist has always had behind him to keep him then drawn into the polemical work of politics. Though well stocked with ideas. Morgan’s Tomahawk cartoons gained in effect from an ingenious method of printing in two colours he has created some great types of flunkeydom, the exIn Fred Barnard, W. G. Baxter, and Mr J. F. Sullivan, Judy planatory story is more to him than the picture, which is (founded in 1867) possessed a trio of pictorial humorists of the often too sketchy ; reduced reproductions of his work have first rank, and in W. Bowcher a political cartoonist thoroughly been issued in volumes, a common form of popularity never to the taste of those hot and strong Conservatives to whom Punch’s neutrality or, at the most, faint Whiggery, was but Radicalism in attempted with Daumier’s fine lithographs. M. Willette, disguise. His successor, Mr William Parkinson, was not less born at Chalons-sur-Marne in 1857, a son of Colonel loyal to Tory ideas, though more urbane in his methods. Fun Willette, the aide-de-camp to Marshal Bazaine, worked has had cartoonists of high merit in Mr Gordon Thomson and in for four years in Cabanel’s studio, and so gained an Mr John Proctor, who worked also for Moonshine (founded in 1879). Moonshine afterwards enlisted the services of Mr Alfred artistic training which alone would have distinguished Bryan, to whose clever pencil the Christmas number of the World him from his fellows, even without the delightful poetical was indebted for many years. Ally Sloper, founded in 1884, is fancy and Watteau-like grace which are somewhat unexnotable only as the widely circulated medium for W. G. Baxter’s pected amid the ugliness of modern life. His work has wild humours, kept up in the same spirit by Mr W. F. Thomas, his successor. Pick-me-up, the latest addition of any note to the comic the value, no doubt, of deep and various meaning, but Preps of London, could once count a staff vdiich rivalled at least the it has also intrinsic artistic worth. M. Willette is, in fact, social side of Punch; Mr Raven-Hill, Mr Phil May, Mr Greiffenhagen, the ideal delineator of the voluptuous and highly spiced and Mr Dudley Hardy have all contributed in their time to its aspects of contemporary life. “ Caran d’Ache,” a native sprightly pages, while Mr S. H. Sime made it the vehicle for of Moscow, born in 1859, borrowed from the German Ins “squint-brained” imaginings. The Will o’ the Wisp, the Butterfly, and the Unicorn, kindred ventures, though on different lines, caricaturists his methods of illustrating “a story without all met with an early death. Lika Joko, founded in 1894 by Mr words.” He makes fun even of animals, and is a master Harry Furniss, who in that year abandoned Punch, was also shortlived. To this brief list of purely comic or satirical journals should of canine physiognomy. His simple and unerring outline be added the names of several daily and weekly publications— is a method peculiarly his own; now and again his wit and among monthlies the Idler, with its caricatures by Mr Scott rises to grandiloquence, as in his Bellona, rushing on an Rankin, Mr Sime, and Mr Beerbohm — which have made a automobile through massacre and conflagrations, and in special feature of humorous art. Among these are the Graphic, his Epopee (Epic) of shadows thrown on a sheet. M. whose Christmas numbers were first brightened by Randolph Caldecott; the Daily Graphic, enlivened sometimes by Mr Phil Leandre, born at Champsecret (Orne), in 1862, is, like May and Mr A. S. Boyd ; Vanity Fair, with its grotesque portraits ; “Andre Gill,” a draughtsman of monstrosities ; he can get a -truth, to whose Christmas numbers Mr F. C. Gould contributed perfect likeness of a face while exaggerating some particular some of his best and most ambitious work, printed in colours ; the feature, gives his figure a hump-back, as Dantan did in his