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SOME CONTKIBUTOKS TO NEW VOLUMES OF ‘ENCYCLOPAEDIA BKITANNICA

BAKER, Henry Frederick, M.A., F.TC.S.; Fellow and Lecturer of St John’s College, Cambridge; University Lecturer in Mathematics. (H. F. Ba.) BALCARRES, Lord, M.P., F.S.A., F.S.A.S.; Trustee of National Portrait Gallery, London ; Hon. Sec. Society for Protection of Ancient Buildings ; Vice-Chairman of National Trust. (B.) BALDRY, Alfred Lys, artist; author of ‘Albert Moore: his Life and Works,’ ‘The Life and Works of Marcus Stone, K.A.,’ ‘Sir John Everett Millais,’ ‘ Hubert von Herkomer,’ etc. (A. L. B.) BALDWIN, Hon. Simeon Eben, A.M., LL.D.; Judge of the Supreme Court of Errors of Connecticut; Professor of Constitutional and Mercantile Law, Corporations, and Wills, Yale University; sometime President of the American Bar Association and American Social Science Association ; author of ‘ Baldwin’s Connecticut Digest,’ ‘ Cases on R.R. Law,’ ‘ Modern Political Institutions,’ etc. (S. B. B.) BALDWIN, W. H., Jr.; President of the Long Island R.R. Co., U.S.A. (W. H. B.) BALE, Edwin, R.I. ; Art Director, Cassell and Company; Hon. Sec. Artists’ Committee for Promoting Art Copyright Bill, etc. (E. Ba.) BALFOUR, Isaac Bayley, M.D., D.Sc., M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S.; Regius Keeper of Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh; Professor of Botany, University of Edinburgh; Transit of Venus Expedition to Rodriguez, 1874 ; Regius Professor of Botany, University of Glasgow, 1879-84; explored island of Socotra, 1880; Sherardian Professor of Botany, University of Oxford, and Fellow of Magdalen College, 1884-88; author of ‘Botany of Rodriguez,’ ‘ Botany of Socotra,’ editor of ‘ Annals of Botany.’ (I. B. B.) BANCROFT, Frederic, Ph.D.; Chief of Bureau of Rolls and Library, U.S. Department of State; author of ‘ Life of William H. Seward,’ etc. (F. Ba.) BANISTER, G. H., M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E. ; late Assistant to Superintendent of the Royal Carriage Department, Woolwich; Whitworth Scholar. (G. H. Ba.) BARCLAY, Thomas, LL.B., Ph.D.; member of the Institute of International Law; VicePresident of the International Law Association ; Examiner in Jurisprudence and International Public and Private Law to the University of Oxford, 1900; member of the Supreme Council of the Congo Free State; Vice-President of the Franco-Scottish Society; President of the British Chamber of Commerce in Paris, 18991900; Knight of the Legion of Honour and of the Order of Leopold; author of ‘ Companies in France,’ and other law books, all the articles on International Law in the ‘ Encyclopedia of the Law of England,’ etc. (T. Ba.) BARING, The Hon. Maurice; Attache to the British Embassy, Paris, 1899; Third Secretary to the British Embassy, Rome, 1902. (M. Ba.) BARLOW, Major H. W. W., R.A. ; Secretary to Chief Superintendent, Royal Ordnance Factories, Woolwich. (H. W. B.) BARNES, William Emery, D.D.; Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge ; Hulsean Professor ofDivinity, Cambridge; assist, editor of‘Journal of Theological Studies ’; Lecturer in Hebrew at Clare Coll. Camb., 1885-94; in Hebrew and Divinity at Peterhouse, 1889-1901; author of ‘The Genuineness of Isaiah xxiv.-xxvii.,’ ‘Canonical and Uncanonical Gospels, ‘The Peshitta Text of Chronicles,’ I. II. Chronicles, with Introduction and Notes (Cambridge Bible). Isaiah (Churchman’s Bible). (W. E. B.) BARNETT, Rev. Samuel Augustus, M.A.; Canon of Bristol; Founder and Warden of Toynbee Hall, Whitechapel; President of the Sunday Society; Chairman Whitechapel Board of Guardians, 1894; Chairman of Children’s Country Holiday Fund ; Chairman Pupil Teachers’ Scholarship Fund; author of ‘ Practicable Socialism ’ with Mrs Barnett, ‘Service of God.’ (S. A. B.) BARRETT, F. N., editor of the ‘American Grocer ’ (New York). (F. N. B.) BARTLET, Rev. J. Vernon, M.A.; Professor of Church History, Mansfield College, Oxford; author of ‘Early Church History,’ ‘The Apostolic Age,’ etc. (J- V. B.) BARTLEY, George Christopher Trout, M.P.; Assistant-Director of Science Division of Science and Art Department, London, till 1880; established National Penny Bank, 1875; author of ‘A Square Mile in the East of London,’ ‘Schools for the People,’ ‘Provident Knowledge Papers,’ ‘ The Seven Ages of a Village Pauper,’ ‘The Parish Net. (G. 0. T. B.)

BARWICK, G. F. ; Assistant Keeper of Printed Books and Superintendent of Readingroom, British Museum; author of ‘ International Exhibitions,’ ‘The Laws Regulating Printing and Publishing in Spain,' and translator of various works of travel, etc. (G. F. B.) BASSETT, John Spencer, Ph.D.; Professor of History, Trinity College, N.C.; author of ‘Constitutional Beginnings of North Carolina,’ ‘Slavery and Servitude of the Colony of North Carolina,’ ‘ Anti - Slavery Leaders of North Carolina,’ ‘Slavery in the State of North Carolina.’ (J. S. Ba.) BASTABLE, C. F., M.A., LL.D. ; Professor of Political Economy, Dublin University, 1882; author of ‘Money’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Theory of International Trade,’ ‘Commerce of Nations,’ ‘Public Finance,’ ‘Dictionary of Political Economy,’ and ‘ Economic Journal. (0. F. B.) BATHER, Francis Arthur, M.A., D.Sc., F.G.S. ; Natural History Museum, South Kensington ; Hon. Member Soc. Linneenne do Normandie ; author of ‘ Concise Knowledge of Natural History,’ ‘The Genera and Species of Blastoidea,’ ‘ Echinoderma ’ (in Lankester’s ‘ Zoology ’), ‘ The Crinoidea of Gottland,’ etc. (F- A. B.) BAUERMAN, H., F.G.S.; Lecturer on Metallurgy, Ordnance College, Woolwich; author of ‘ Bismuth,’ ‘ Coal,’ ‘ Fuel,’ ‘ Furnace,’ etc., in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘A Treatise on the Metallurgy of Iron,’ ‘Text-book of Systematic Mineralogy,’ etc. (H. B.) BEALBY, J. T., B.A.; sometime acting editor of ‘ Scottish Geographical Magazine ’; author of ‘A Daughter of the Fen,’ and numerous geographical magazine articles; joint author of ‘ Stanford’s Compendium: Europe ’; translator of Sven Hedin’s ‘ Through Asia.’ (J- T. Be.) BEDDARD, Frank Evers, M.A., F.R.S.; Prosector of Zoological Soc. of England since 1884, and Vice-Sec. since 1898; formerly Lecturer on Biology at Guy’s Hospital; has been Examiner in Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, University of London, and of Morphology at Oxford; now Examiner in the University of New Zealand; naturalist to ‘ Challenger ’ Expedition Commission, 1882-84 ; author of ‘Worm ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Animal Coloration,’ ‘Text-book of Zoogeography,’ ‘A Monograph of the Oligocheeta,’ ‘Structure and Classification of Birds.’ (F. E. B.) BELL, Charles Frederic Moberly; asst, manager of ‘ The Times ’; formerly correspondent of ‘The Times’ in Egypt; author of ‘ Khedives and Pashas,’ ‘ Egyptian Finance,’ ‘ From Pharaoh to Fellah,’ etc. (0. F. M. B.) BELL, Dr Louis, Boston, U.S.A.; author of ‘ The Elements of Practical Electricity,’ ‘ Power Distribution for Electric Railroads,’ ‘Electric Power Transmission,’ etc. (L. Bn.) BELL, Malcolm; author of ‘ Rembrandt,’ ‘ Sir E. Burne-Jones,’ etc. (M. Be.) BELLAIRS, Carlyon; Lieutenant R.N.; writer of articles on naval subjects. (G. W. Be.) BELLINGER, Hon. Charles Byron; Judge of the U.S. District Court, District of Oregon. (0. B. B*.) BELTRAMI, Luca; architect; author of ‘ Storia della facciata di St Maria del Fiore in Firenza,’ ‘ La Basilica Ambrosiana primitiva e la ricostruzione compiuta nel secolo IX,’ etc. (L. Bi.) BJSnIIDITE, L€once; Conservator, Musee du Luxembourg, Paris; author of ‘ Alphonse Legros’; editor of ‘Bulletin des Musees,’ etc. (L. Be.) BENSON, Arthur Christopher, M.A., F.R.Hist. Soc.; Master at Eton College since 1885 ; author of ‘ Memoirs of Arthur Hamilton,’ ‘ Archbishop Laud: a Study,’ ‘Poems,’ ‘Lyrics,’ ‘ Essays,’ ‘ Lord Vyet and other Poems,’ ‘ Fasti Etonenses,’ ‘Life of Archbishop Benson,’ ‘The Professor, and other Poems.’ (A. C. Be.) BERG, Sigvard Johnson, A.M.I.C.E., Switzerland. (S. J. B.) BERNARD, Rev. John Henry, D.D.; Fellow of Trin. Coll., Dublin; Archbishop King’s Lecturer in Divinity, University of Dublin ; member of University Council, 1892 ; ViceWarden, Alexandra Coll., Dublin, for higher education of women, 1894 ; Secretary of Royal Irish Academy, 1899 ; Commissioner of National Education, Ireland, 1897; part-editor of ‘Kant’s Critical Philosophy for English Readers,’ translator of ‘ Kant’s Kritik of Judgment, jointauthor of ‘The Literature of the Second Century,’ editor of ‘The Pilgrimage of St

Silvia of Aquitania,’ ‘The Pastoral Epistles of St Paul,’ ‘The Works of Bishop Butler,’ etc. (J. H. Be.) BERNSTEIN, Eduard; German Socialistic politician and writer ; late editor of the ‘ Social Democrat ’; author of 1 ‘ On the History and Theory of Socialism,’ The Communistic and Democratic-Socialistic Movements in England during the 17th Century,' etc. (E. Bn.) BERRY, George Andreas, M.B., F.R.C.S., F.R.S. Edin.; Vice-Pres. OphthalmologicalSoc.; author of ‘ Diseases of the Eye,’ ‘ The Elements of Ophthalmoscopic Diagnosis,’ ‘ Subjective Symptoms in Eye Diseases,’ etc. (G. A. Be.) BESANT, Sir Walter, M.A., F.S.A., the late; Secretary Palestine Exploration Fund, 1868-85 ; Hon. Sec. Palestine Exp. Fund ; First Chairman Society of Authors, 1884-85; Chairman Society of Authors, 1887-1892 ; author of ‘Froissart’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Studies in Early Frencli Poetry,’ ‘Rabelais,’ Lives of ‘Coligny,’ ‘Whittington,’ 1 ‘Edward Palmer,’ and ‘ Richard Jefferies,’ London,’ ‘ Westminster,’‘ South London,’ many-Novels with the late James Rice. Novels alone : ‘ The Revolt of Man,’ ‘All Sorts and Conditions of Men,’ ‘Beyond the Dreams of Avarice,’ ‘The Orange Girl,’ etc. (W. Be.) BHOWNAGREE, Sir Mancberjee Mer wanjee, K.C.I.E., M.P.; State Agent, Bombay, for the territory of Bhavnagar, 1873 ; author of ‘ History of the Constitution of the East India Company,’ Gnjerati translation of ‘Her Majesty’s Life in the Highlands,’ etc. (M. M. Bh.) ‘BICKERDYKE, John' (Charles Henry Cook), M.A.; writer on angling and sporting subjects; President of Thames Re-stocking Association, and the Fly-Fishers’ Club, 18991900 ; editor of the angling department of the ‘Field’; author of ‘Angling in Salt Water,’ ‘The Book of the All Round Angler,’ ‘Thames Rights and Thames Wrongs,’ ‘ Days in Thule with Rod, Gun, and Camera,’ ‘ Sea-Fishing,’ ‘ Days of My Life in Water, Fresh and Salt,’ ‘Wild Sports in Ireland,’ ‘Letters to Young Sea-Fishers,’etc. (‘J. B.’) BIDWELL, Shelford, M.A., Sc.D., F.R.S.; barrister; President of Physical Society, England, 1897-99; author of ‘ Curiosities of Light and Sight,’ and numerous memoirs on physical subjects. (S. Bi.) BINDLOSS, Harold; Secretary Royal Mersey Yacht Club. (H. Bs.) BINYON, Laurence ; assistant in the British Museum, Department of Printed Books, 1893 ; transferred to Department of Prints and Drawings, 1895 ; author of ‘ Lyric Poems,’ ‘ Poems,’ ‘London Visions,’ ‘The Praise of Life, ‘Porphyrion and other Poems,’ ‘Western Flanders,’ ‘ Odes,’ ‘ Catalogue of English Drawings in the British Museum. (L. B.) BIRD. Christopher John, C.M.G.; Principal Under Secretary of the Colony of Natal, and a Member of the Civil Service Board. (0. J. Bi.) BIRDWOOD, Sir George Christopher Molesworth, M.D., K.C.I.E., C.S.I., LL.D.; special assistant in Revenue and Statistics Department India Office, 1871-99 ; author of ‘Incense’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘ Economic Vegetable Products of the Bombay Presidency,’ ‘ The Industrial Arts of India,’ ‘ Report on Old Records of the India Office,’ ‘First Letter Book of East India Company,’ Appendix on the Aryan Fauna and Flora to MaxMiiller’s ‘ Biography of Words,’ etc. (G. B.) BIRKBECK, William John, M.A., F.S.A. ; author of ‘ Russia and the English Church.’ (W. J. Bi.) BIRKINBINE, John, M.E. ; President of the Franklin Institute and the Pennsylvania Forestry Association; sometime President American Institute of Mining Engineers, and editor ‘Journal of Iron Workers.’ (J. Bi*.) BISHOP, Mrs Isabella L. (Miss Isabella Bird), F.R.G.S., Hon. F.R.S.G.8. ; Hon. Member of Oriental Society, Pekin; first lady Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society ; author of ‘The Englishwoman in America,’ ‘Six Months in the Sandwich Islands,’ ‘A Lady’s Life in the Rocky Mountains,’ ‘ Unbeaten Tracks in Japan,’ ‘The Golden Chersonese,’ ‘Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan,’ ‘Among the Tibetans,’ ‘Korea and her Neighbours,’ ‘The Yangtze Valiev and Beyond,’ ‘Pictures from China,’ etc. (I- L- B.) BLAIR, Andrew A.; chief chemist of the U.S. Geological Survey, Division of Mining and Geology, Tenth Census of the United States; author of ‘The Chemical Analysis of Iron,’ etc. (A- A B-) BLAKE, Rev. John Frederick, M.A., F.R.S.; sometime Professor of Natural Science, University College, Nottingham; author of