208 THE CONSOLIDATION OF BRITISH INDIA. and 1835, as many as 1562 thagswtre apprehended in different parts of British India ; and, by the evidence of approvers, this moral plague-spot was gradually stamped out. Renewal of Charter, 1833. — Two other historical events are connected with the administration of Lord William Ben- tinck. In 1833, the charter of the East India Company was again renewed for twenty years, but on condition that the Com- pany should abandon its trade entirely, alike with India and China, and permit Europeans to freely settle in India. At the same time, a fourth or Law Member was added to the Governor- General's Council, who need not necessarily be a servant of the Company ; and a Commission was appointed to revise and codify the law. Macaulay was the first legal member of Council, and the first President of the Law Commission. Mysore protected and Coorg annexed.— In 1830, it was found necessary to take Mysore under British administration. This arrangement continued until March 1881, when Mysore was restored to Native government. In 1834, the frantic misrule of the Raja of Coorg brought on a short and sharp war. The Raja was permitted to retire to Benares ; and the brave and proud inhabitants of his mountainous little territory decided to place themselves under the sway of the Company. This was the only annexation effected by Lord William Ben- tinck, and it was done ' in consideration of the unanimous wish of the people.' He retired in 1835. Lord Metcalfe, 1835-1836. — Sir Charles (afterwards Lord) Metcalfe succeeded Lord William Bentinck, being senior member of Council. His short term of office is memorable for the measure which his predecessor had initiated, but which he carried into execution, for giving entire liberty to the press. Public opinion in India, as well as the express wish of the Court of Directors at home pointed to Metcalfe as the fittest person to carry out the policy of Bentinck, not provisionally, but as Governor-General for a full term. Lord Auckland, 1836-1842. — Party exigencies, however, led to the appointment of Lord Auckland. From this date com- mences a new era of war and conquest, which may be said to have lasted for twenty years. All looked peaceful, until Lord
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