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242 INDEX. Amboyna, massacre at (1623), 17°. Amherst, Earl, Governor-General (1823-28), 204-206 ; first Bur- mese war, 205, 206 ; capture of Bhartpur, 206. Amherst District, prosperity under British rule, 216. Amir Khan, Pindari leader, 203. Anagundi, Raja of, descendant of Vijayanagar kings, 1 30. Andaman islanders, 42. Arab invasions of Sind, no, in. Arakan, kingdom of, 205 ; ceded to the English (1826), 206. Arcot, Clive's defence of (1751), 179. Area and Population of India, 33- 35- Argaum, battle of (1803), 169, 197. Armagaon, English factory founded at (1626), 171. Aryans in India, 52-73. See Table of Contents, chap. iv. Asoka, Buddhist king of Magadha or Behar, 78, 79. Assam, Mir Jumla s invasion of, 148. Assaye, battle of (1803), 162, 197. Astronomy, Brahman system of, 64. Auckland, Earlof, Governor-General (1836-42), 208-211 ; Afghan affairs and British occupation of Afghanistan, 209, 210; the mas- sacre of the British retreating army, 211. Aurangzeb, sixth Mughal Emperor of India (1658-1707), 144-150; summary of his reign, 144, 145 ; murder of his brothers, 145, 146 ; long campaign in Southern India, 146-148 ; expedition to Assam, 148 ; bigoted policy, 148, 149 ; revenues, 149, 150; character, 150. Ava, kingdom of, 205 ; first war with, 205, 206; second war, 216. Avitabile, General, European officer of Ranjit Singh, 213. Ayiib Khan, his victory at Maiwand and subsequent defeat, 234. Babar, first Mughal Emperor of India (1526-30) ; his victory at Panipat, 132. Bahadur Shah, last titular Mughal Emperor, his complicity in the Mutiny of 1857, 224; arrest and banishment, 226. Bahmani dynasty in the Deccan, 128, 129. Baillie, Col., defeat of, 191. Bairam Khan, guardian of Akbar the Great, 1 34. Baji Rao, second Maratha Peshwa (1721-40), 159. Baji Rao II, seventh and last Ma- ratha Peshwa (1795-1818), 162, 163 ; signed the treaty of Bassein (1802), 197 ; defeated and de- posed (1818), 203, 204; his death, 218. Baktiyar Khilji conquered Behar (1199) and Bengal (1203), 118. Balaji Baji Rao, third Maratha Peshwa (1740-61), 159. Balaji Vishwanath, first Maratha Peshwa (1707-21), 158. Balasor, English factory founded at (1642), 172. Balban, king of Delhi of the Slave dynasty (1265-87), 120, 121. Banda, Sikh leader, defeated and executed, 151. Bardwan, ceded to the English (1761), 184. Barents, William, Dutch navigator, 166. Barid Shahi dynasty of Bidar, 1 29. Baring, Sir Evelyn, his financial re- forms, 134. Barlow,Sir George, acting Governor- General (,1805-7), 200. Baroda. See Gaekwar. Bassein, taken by the Marathas (1739), 159; treaty of (1802), 162, 197. Baxar, battle of (1765), 185. Beast stories and fables in Sanskrit, 72. Becker, Mr., sums received by, after Plassey, 182. Behar, the ' land of monasteries,' 78 ; ceded to the English (1765), 186. Bengal, conquered by the Muham- madans (1203), 118 ; becomes in- dependent (1340), 125,130; con- quered by Akbar (1576), 136 ; plundered by the Marathas, 159 ; early English settlements in, 172; its rulers (1707-56), 179, 180; ceded to the English (1765), 186 ; Hastings' administration of, 188 ;