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INDEX. 247 of Bengal (1772), 186 ; adminis- trative reforms, 187, 188 ; policy to Native States, 188 ; makes Ben- gal pay, 188, 189 ; stops the tri- bute to Delhi, 189 ; sells Allaha- bad and Kora to the Wazir of Oudh, 189 ; the Rohilla war, 189, 190 ; imposes fines on Chait Singh and the Segam of Oudh, 190 ; his impeachment and trial in England, 190 ; the first Maratha war, 190, 191 ; the Mysore war with Haidar All, 191, 192. Havelock, Gen. Sir Henry, relieves Lucknow (1857), 226. Hedges, William, first agent and governor of Bengal (1681), 172. Hekataios, first Greek writer who speaks clearly of India, 85. Herat besieged by the Persians, 210. Hill tribes of Madras, 42, 43 ; of the Vindhya ranges — the Bhils, 43 ; of the Himalayas, 44, 45 ; of Ben- gal — the Santals, 45-47 ; ofOrissa — the Kandhs, 47-49. Himalayas, the, main ranges of, 18, 19 ; offshoots, 19 ; water-supply and rainfall, 19, 20 ; products and scenery, 20, 2 1 ; forest destruction and nomadic cultivation, 21 ; Himalayan river system, 21, 22; hill tribes of, 44, 45. Hinduism, Growth of (700-1500), 94-108. See Table of Contents, chap. viii. Hiuen Tsiang, Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, quoted, 81, 92, 95. Hodson, Maj. H., kills the imperial princes at Delhi (1857), 227. Holkar, Maratha dynasty founded by, 160, 161 ; defeated at Dig (1804), 162; defeats Col. Monson, 198. Houtman, Cornelius, pilots first Dutch fleet round the Cape, 166. Hugli, English factory founded at (1640), deserted for Calcutta (1686), 172. Human sacrifice among the Kandhs, 49 ; later instances, 101. Humayun, second Mughal Emperor (1530-56), his defeat and expul- sion from India, and subsequent restoration, 132, 133. Ibrahim Lodi, defeat of by Babar at Panipat (1526), 132. Imad Sbahi, Muhammadan dynasty of Ellichpur, 129. Impeachment and trial of Warren Hastings, 190. Import duties, abolition of (1882), 234- India on the eve of the Muham- madan conquest, ill, 112. India, population of, 35. India transferred to the Crown (1858), 228, 229. India under the British Crown (1858- 92), 230-237. See Table of Con- tents, chap. xvi. Indian society in 300 B. C. as de- scribed by Megasthenes, 88, 89. Indo-Aryans, the, on their march to India, as described in the Vedic hymns, 53,54; Aryan civilization as disclosed in the Veda, 55 ; the Vedicgods, 55-57 ; a Vedic hymn, 57- Indo-European languages and re- ligions, 53. Indra, Vedic god, 56. Indus river, 22. Irawadi river, 30. Irrigation work performed by the Deltaic rivers, 25. Jagannath, his car festival a relic of a Buddhist procession, 99 ; an in- carnation of Vishnu, 102, 103 ; stories of bloodshed in honour of, exaggerated, 103. Jahangir, fourth Mughal Emperor (1605-27), 140-142 ; his personal character and administration, 141, 142. Jains, the, in India, 83. Jaipal, Hindu chief of Lahore, de- feated by Subuktigin and Mahmud of Ghazni, 113, 114. Jaipur conquered by Akbar, 135. Jai Singh, Raja, Indian astronomer, 64. Jalalabad , defence of (1841-42), 211. Jalal-ud-din, first king of the Khilji dynasty (1290-95), 121, 122. Jalandhar Doab, the, ceded to the English (1846), 214. Jang Bahadur of Nepal assists in suppression of the Mutiny, 227.