and this is kidah. Meg. 22b a. e. םיפא לע ׳ק kidah means falling on the face (ref. to IKings I, 31). Ib. ׳כו ׳ק יוחאא showed the way of kidah . ., and became lame; (Y. Ber. I, 3c bot. העיירכ הארה); a. e.
קידום, קידומא, קד׳ m. (קדם) 1) early morning. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 14. - 2) ead. Targ. Gen. XXV, 6. Targ. O. Num. XXXIV, 3; a. fr. -- 3) (with חור, or sub. חור) east- wind (h. םידק). Targ. Gen. XLI, 6. Targ. Rab. I, 9 (some ed. ׳ק םידק חורכ, strike out םידק); a. fr..
קידור, v. קירוד.
קידוש, קד׳ m. (קדש) 1) sanctification, esp. השם ק׳ the sanctification of the Name (of tthe Lord, v. השודק), loyalty to the Jewish faith, martyrdom. Y. Shebi. IV, 35a bot. Pesik. B'shall., p. 87a. Deut. R. s. 2 (ref. to Prov. XXIV, 21) ׳כו ימש ׳ק לש רבד ול רמא (not אמש שדיק) the Lord said to Solomon, a thing which concerns the sancti- fication of my name (the unity of God) dost thou ex- press by a brief allusion Y. Kidd. IV, 65c bot. אוה לודג השם מחילול השם ק׳ a positive act of sanctification of the Name is superior to (supersedes) a law which is to pre- vent profanation of the Name; ׳קבו .. . ביתכ םשה לוליחב וכ׳ מתחלת השם concerning the profanation of the Name it is written (Deut. XXI, 23), thou shalt not suffer his body to remain (even) over night &c.', but when the Name was to be sanctified (by an act of retributive justice), it is written (II Sam. XXI, 10), from the beginning of the harvest &c.'; Y. Snh. VI, 23d (corr. acc.);a. fr. -- Pl. ןישודיק laws of sanctitty. Y. Yeb. II, 3db top ׳ק תשרפל . . . ךמסס המל why does the Biblical text join the chapter on sanctity (Lev. XIX) to tthat on incest (Lev. XVIII) ; (Lev. R. s. 24 םישודק תשרפל, v. שודק). - 2) proclamation of sanctity; a) of the New AAMoon, seasons &c. (by the authorities). Tosef. Snh. II, 1 וכ׳ ועיבור החדש ק׳ the proclamation of the New Moon and the intercalation of a month require a court of three. Y. ib. I, 18c top ׳הה ׳קל . םיריבח dare untitled scholars (v. רבח) be admitted to sit on the pro- clamation of the New Moon?; a. fr. - B. Bath. 121a ידעומ וכ׳ דין בית ק׳ צריכין יי׳ the festivals of the Lord require to be regulated by the proclamation of the court, but the weekly Sabbath does not. Y. R. Hash. III, 58c bot. דיב ׳ק the official proclamation of the jubilee; a. fr. -- Pl. as ab. Ex. R. s. 15 םישדחה יששודק the proceedings at the proclamation of the Neuuw Moon. -- b) proclamation of the sanctity of the day by special prayer, Kiddush. Pes. 100a ׳קyיקיספמ when tthe Sabbath or Holy Day begins, we must interrupt a meal to recite Kiddush. Ibb ידד יצאו ק׳ they (that heard the Kiddush at synagogue) have complied with the duty of ushering the Sabbath in with Kiddush. Ib. 105a sq. םויה ׳קש ינפמ םויה ׳ק . . ול ןיא םא ׳כו he who has only one cup of wine, recites over it the Kiddush of the day, because the sanctification of the day takes precedence of honoring the day (by grace after meal with wine). Meg. 27b היום ק׳ לי והביאה . . . מכרה sold the bonnet on her head and procured for me the wine for the Kiddush of the day; a. fr. -3) washing hands and feet prior to a priestly function. Zeb. 19b תוצמ דציכ ׳ק how is the act of washing done? Ib. ׳כו ׳ק תלעומ הניל the intervention of the night has an effect on the sanctie fication of hands and feet, makes a renewed washing of hands and feet necessary. Ib. שני ק׳ the second sancti- ficationtimmediately betore approaching the altar); Yoma 32b; a. fr. -- Pl. as ab. Ib. III, 3. Ib. 32b; a. e. -) (of mixed seeds) condemnation (v. שדק Pi. 7). Yeb. 83a. -- h) putting ashes in the water of lustration; the ashes put in. Ib. 42a bot. ׳קו . . . הרפא תפיסא (not ׳קל, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 50) the collecting of its ashes, the drawing of water and the putting in of the ashes; ib,b Par. VI, 1 ׳כו ׳קה לפנו and ashes fell on his hand. Ib. 2. Tosef. ib. VI (V), 1 םע קסוע הק׳ is engaged in the act of kiddush. Ib. 3 שני ק׳ צריך requires an additional putting in of ashes; a. fr. -- Pl. as ab. Ib. 5; a. e. - 6) betrothal. Mekh. Mishp. s. 3 ׳ק רחא ׳ק וכ׳ the father of a minor has the authority to give her away in marriage a second time &c., v. אמהות; לא אבל ׳ק רחא תוהמא but he cannot hire her out after hav- ing once given her away. Y. Kidd. II, 62c top נכללין ןישודיק השלשב . . . ׳קב they (the three ohjects he gave her, when he said, ׳be betrothed with this, and this and this') are combined to form one act of betrothal (which is valid, if the three objects combined have the legally prescribed value), and are separated (if he said, ׳be be- trothed with this, with this, with this) to form three acts of betrothal (and one of the objects at least must have the legal value); a. fr. -- Pl. as ab. Ib. - Esp. kiddushin, the act of betrothal, legal and legitimate marriage (con- nubium). Kidd. IV, 9 ׳ק הישוריק her acceptance of the betrothal is a valid marriage;׳קק וי שודק his (the authorized messenger's) acceptance is valid. Ib. III, 12 שיש מקום כל וכ׳ עברה ואין ק׳ wherever a betrothal is valid (where there is connubium), and no sin is connected with it, the issue follows the legal status of the male parent; םוקמ לכו וכ׳ עברה ויש ק׳ שיש but where the betrothal, if performed, is valid but sin is connected therewith, the issue has the status of the inferior parent, e. g. a widow married to a high priest. Ib. םירחא לע הל שי לבא ׳ק וילע הל ןיאש ימ לכ וכ׳ ק׳ in a case where a marriage cannot take place with that special person (on account of consanguinity &c.), but may take place with others, the issue is a bastard (רזממ); ׳כו ׳ק . .. וילע אל הל ןיאש ימ לכו where a marriage cannot take place either with that special person or with other Israelites (she having no right of connubium), the issue follows the status of the mother. Yeb. 10b, a. fr. ׳ק ןיא ׳כו ןיספות betrothal takes no effect in the case of &c. Kidd. 60b, a. fr. ודאי קידושי an undisputed betrothal; ספק קידושי a legally doubtful betrothal; a. fr. -- Trnsf. קידושים, קידושין, קד׳ betrothal festivities, contrad. to wedding festivities. Num. R. s. 12 גדולים ק׳ לה ועשה and arranged for her sake large festivities; ib. (ref. to Ex. XX, 18) ק׳ אלא היו ולא and these were merely the solem- nities of (Israel's) betrothal (ref. to םתשדקו, ib. XIX, 10); Pesik. R. s. 5; Tanh. Naso 17. -- iddushin, name of a. etreatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Bablli and Y'r- shalmi, of the Order of Nashim. B. Bath. 52b (a reference to Tosef. Kidd. I, 5) יול יבד ׳קב . . בר ינת Rab. . . . aught from the treatise of Kiddushin of the school of Levi (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 1).