|Nominative.||La patr-o, the father.||La patr-o-j, the fathers.|
|Genitive.||De la patr-o, of the father.||De la patr-o-j, of the fathers.|
|Dative.||Al la patr-o, to the father.||Al la patr-o-j, to the fathers.|
|Objective.||La patr-o-n, the father.||La patr-o-j-n, the fathers.|
|Ablative.||Kun la patr-o, with the father.||Kun la patr-o-j, with the fathers.|
3. Adjectives are formed by suffixing “a” to the root; they take the same changes for case and number as the substantives. The comparative degree is made by prefixing “pli” (more), the superlative by “plej” (most). The word “than,” after a comparison, is to be translated by “ol,” thus, pli blank-a ol negh-o, more white than snow.
4. Numeral cardinal adjectives are not declinable; they are unu (1), du (2), tri (3), kvar (4), kvin (5), ses (6), sep (7), ok (8), ; (9) and dek (10), cent (100), mil (1000). The ten and hundreds are made by the simple union of the ﬁrst ten cardinals; thus, kvin-cent (500), tri-dek (30), dek-ok-cent ok-dek ok: is 1888, etc., etc.
Ordinal numerals are formed by means of the adjective termination, “a;” thus, kvar-a, fourth.
Distributive numerals prefix “po.”
(a) The personal are:
|Mi, I or me.||Ni, we or us.|
|Vi, you, thou, thee.|
|Li, he or him.||Ili, they or them|
|Shi, she or her.|
|Si, oneself.||Oni, they (indefinite, as in they say. The French “on.”)|