Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 1.djvu/385

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ALTAMIRANO 3^5 ALTAMURA occasions, such as First Communion; 17 societies. — ■ (6) Homes for the care of the a'wk and infirm; 45 with 4,t21 inmates. — (7) Asylums for idiots, epileptics, and insane; 7 with 2,330 inmates. — (S) Asylums for the blind and for deaf mutes; three with more than 200 inmates. — (9) I.ying-iii hospitals for poor women at Colmar, Masmiinster, .Miilhau.son, Kappoltsweiler, ■Strasburg, and Thann. — (10) t)ut-of-door care of the sick and poor: (a) By 32 .Societies of St. Vincent de I'aul with 661 members, who support 1,300 families. A branch of the St. Vincent de I'aul Society is the Society of St. Francis Kcjiis, which provides needy persons with the documents rcipiircd for civil and religious marriage, and effects the legitimation of children. It exists in all the parishes of Colmar and Miilliaiisen and in Strasburg, where, between 1S94 and 1897, it brought about 152 marriages between Catholics, 48 between Catholics and Protestants, and 12 between Protestants. (6) Hy 10 ladies' societies. (c) I5y Sisters of the Divine Redeemer in 23 districts; Sisters of St. Joseph in 13, Sisters of the Cross in 10, Sisters of Mercy in 4, and Franciscan nuns in 1. (d) Uy means of soup establishments and peoples' kitchens in 11 places. — (II) Care of destitute prison- ers at Colmar and Strasburg. — (12) Employment agencies in various places. — (13) A peoples' bureau at Strasburg, founded in connexion with the Peo- ple's Society for Catholic Germany, which dis- tributed without p.iy in one year (1904) informa- tion in 333 pamphlets; 113 on old age and dis- ablement insurance, 288 on accident insurance, 62 on sick insurance, 308 collections, 437 on other civil matters, 280 on penal matters, 63 on matters of trvisteeship, 51 on ta.xation, 24 on military matters, 42 on matters relating to domestic service, 308 on the relations of landlord and tenant, 241 on matters relating to inheritance, 220 on the duties of directors, 61 on prices, 307 on various matters. — (14) Protec- tion of girls. This society is connected with the International Catholic Society for the Protection of Ciirls; its object is to a.ssist with advice and help unprotected, grown-up girls, house servants, factory girls, shop girls, teachers, and others, those, especially, who are away from home, and to shield them from dangers to faith and morals. Thirty-six visits were made to such girls during 1905, 561 letters received, and 765 written; 1,101 domestic servants were lodged in St. .rbogast's Home, Sti free, for 919 days, and 57 at a reduced price for 1,012 days. — (15) Young ladies' societies, twenty-four in nmnber. The mem- bers have use of libraries, are advised as to savings banks and insurance companies; they receive in- struction in sewing, mending, ironing, French, sing- ing, and are directed to situations. — (16) Women s and mothers' societies, nine in number. These pro- vide iissistance for the poorer members in case of sickness, and defray the burial fees in cases of death. — (17) Societies with social objects in eleven places. The members receive free medical attendance and medicine, sick pay, and death l)ay, and .Ma.-i.>;cs are said for them after death. — (IS) There are Homes for workmen and workwomen, and students at Colmar, Frstein, Oebweiler, Mulhausen, Mullerhof near I'rmatt, Kegisheim, and three at Strasburg. — • (19) Higher instruction for boys and girls in 23 schools. — (20) Women's I'nion; an organization for women for religious, social, scientific, and charitable purposes. TlK^e were as many as 600 members in 1906 in the Women's rnion. the second year after its foundation. — (21) The aim of the youths' and men's societies, some of which were founded 200 years ago, but most of which were established within the l:i.st twenty years, is not merely to protect and strengthen the. faith of their meniljcrs, but to assLst them in their material interests. The first is at- tained by means of common worship and general communiou; the second, in the case of young men, by means of social intercourse, lectures, the use of libraries, athletics, music, and shooting contests, in- struction in Cernian, French, arithmetic, drawing, bookkeeping, and short hand; dramatic performances, savings and insurance funds, assistance to the sick and tliose doing military service, and finding situa- tions; for older men by social intercourse, lectures, savings, loans, insurance for sickness and death funds, employment agencies, legal protection, and co-operative societies. According to the latest re- turns published, there were 40 such youths' societies, in 1904, with 15,300, and 32 older men's societies, with 18,346 members. These do not include the three Catholic "Casinos" in .Strasburg, or these in Hagenau, Colmar, and .Schlettstadt, or the Catholic students' societies at the University of Strasburg. These last are Franconia, Merovingia, .Staufia (Catho- lic Students' Union of the S. K. V.); Badenia, Rappolstein (Catholic Students' Association of S. C. v.); Erwinia (Catholic Students' A.ssociation of the S. C. v.); Unitas, Catholic Science Stidents' Union, the Academic Society of St. Boniface, the Academic Marian Congregation, and the Academic Conference of St. Vincent de Paul. — The following societies, which are gradually becoming firmly estal)- lislied in Alsace-Lorraine, should also be mentioned: the Society of the Sup]X)rtcrs of the Centrum (Zent- nmisverein), the People's Union for Catholic Ger- many, the Branch Unions for Catholic schoolmastei-s and mistres.ses. On 11 March, 1906, representatives of all the "Centre .Societies" in Alsace-Lorraine met at Strasburg and agreed unanimously on the founda- tion of a local Centre Party. Statutes of incorpora- tion were drawn up and the working programme for the immediate future decided on. (The Union in Strasburg has 1 ,6.50 members, the one in Mulhausen 2,000.) The People's Union, known as a legacy of Windthorst, whoso object is to guard the common people against the dangerous and disturbing influence of .Social Democracy, had 42,000 members, in Alsace- Lorraine, in 1906, 22,000 of whom were Alsatians, 15,000 German-speaking, and 5,000 French-speaking Lorrainers. Some 600 schoolmasters are members of the Catholic Masters' Society, and some 490 women- teachers of the Catholic Schoolmistresses' Society. DaB lieichslnnd EUtias-Lothrini/t-n, publi.shetl by the State ilii- rcau of the Ministry for Al.'iace-Lorraine (Strasburg, 1903); Claush, WorUrbuch ties Elaata (Zabcni. 11)04): Kritbih, Metz, and McLLER. Strassbcrg in KirchenUx. (Freiburg. I89y); LandvihaiithalUctat von Elaass-Lolhringm (Strasburg. ly03 an.] 190<>); Verhandlunffcn des Land€»au88chu«Bcs jur Elsaits- Lothnngen, iiiUunffsherichte (Strasburg, 1903); Schi-mnlismus des liistums ^trassburq, (1900); Schematismus dt'8 liistums MeU. iij); Gfat'lzf, I'crordnungfnund Vcrfuounffmbetrcfjtitd dan nicJcre Unterrichtsweain in Eltngs-Lothrini/tn (.Stra.tburK. 1889); JahreBbericht dea bigchi>flirhi-n Cu^natfiums an .St. Stephan zu ^Iratuburg, (1005): Jahretlxrurhl dra biarhofluhi n Gumnaaiuma in Ziltiahcim (Strasburg. 1905); Die kathuliscfun WohUfUitigkritannatalU-n und Vireine m dcr Diuzeae titraaaburg (Freiburg, im lir. 1900). Leo Ehruard. Altamirano, Diego Francisco, Jesuit, b. at Ma- drid, 26 October, 1625; d. Lima, 22 December, 1715. He wrote "Ilistoria de la provincia Peruana de la Compaflfa de Jesiis", the twelfth book only of which was published, in 1.S91, by Manuel Vicente Ballivian, with a sliort biographical notice from the pen of Torres Saldamando. It was followed by anotlier by Altamirano: "Breve noticia de las misiones de los infieles que fione la Compailla de Jestis en esta provincia del Peril, en his provinci.as de los Mojos", also with introduction by Saldamando. The origi- nal MS. of the " Ilistoria' is in the National Archives at Lima, in a deplorable state of decomposition. Balliman. Dorumrntoa hiatiincoa dr Kolirvt (La Pat, 1891). Ai>. F. Handelier. Altamura and Acquaviva, an exempt archi- Fre.sbyterate in the province of Bari, in southern taly. .-Mtamura was ileclared exempt from epis- copal jurisdiction by Innocent IV in 1248, and again