Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 1.djvu/535

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ANDREWS 475 ANERIO Andrews, William Eusebii's, editor and author, b. lit Norwich, Knglaiid, 6 December, 1773; d. Lon- don, 7 Ajiril, KS37. His parents, who were eonvert.s to CatlioHeity, were of Imniblc station and he en- tered the printing oHiee of the "Norfolli Clironich'" as an apprentice. He rose to be editor of the paper, wliich post he held from 1799 to 1S13. In 1S13 he went to London to devote liiinself to advancing the Catliohe cause by means of the press, and in July of that year he established "The Orthodox .Journal and Catliolic Monthly Intelligencer". He was nia- tiiially aided by Bishop Milner, but in l.SJO lie was obliged to suspend publication. During this period lie began the |)ublica(iou in (Ua.sgow of a weekly pamphlet, "The t'atholic Vindicator", but pecvmiary liL^ises compelled him to abandon it after one year. W ilh the assistance of Bishop Milner he establishe<l in December, 1.S20. a weekly newspaper, "TheC'ath- i)li<- Advocate of Civil and Religious Liberty", which was discontinued nine months later. In January, 1.SJ2, two periodicals were establi-shed, one, "The Catholic Miscellany", devoted to Catholic interests, with a nominal editor, but under the control of Andrews; the other, "The People's Advocate", ex- clusively political, under his avowed editorship. The "Advocate" lived only seven weeks, and after two months the sole editorship of the other devolved on Andrews. He continued it luider serious financial stress until June, 1823, when it passed into other hands. The same year he revived the "Orthodox Journal" and continued it for several months. In .September, 1824, he established a weekly paper, "The Truth Teller", which lasted for twelve months, and was afterwards continued as a pamphlet, but linally discontinued in 1829 through lack of sup- port. "The Truth Teller" is notable for the vigour with which it assailed O'Connell. It would seem that his zeal for starting Catholic papers makes him, either directly or indirectly, re- sponsible also for the inception, 2 April, 1,S25, of "The Truth Teller", New York's first distinctly Catholic paper. There is no direct information ex- tant now as to the details of his connection with the New York paper, or whether the idea wa.s to have it as a sort of local edition of the London pub- lication. The first six issues, however, bear the im- print of "William E. Andrews & Co." a.s the pub- lishers. Then the name of the publishing firm is changed to (ieorge Pardow and William Dennian, without any reason being assigned, fieorge Pardow was an English Catholic, and .so was Denman, both having emigrated to .N'ew York a few years before. In the early i.ssues of the New York "Iruth Teller" there are constant references to the work of Andrews in London, showing an intimate relationship, but never, however, giving any positive statement as to a business connection. (See C.tholic Press.) . drews again revived the "Orthodox Journal", which he sub.sequently continued as "The British Liberator", and later as "Andrews's Constitutional Preceptor". From 1.S32 to 1834 he issued as a weekly paper, ". drcws's Penny Orthodo.x Jour- nal", and in 1836 ". drews's W'eekly Orthodox .lournal", which after three months became "The London and Dublin Orthodox Journal". H was (■ontinued after his death by his .son. In 1S26 An- drews had established a society known as "The I'riends of Civil and Religious Liberty", which in a little more than a year distributed nearly .500,000 tracts. This .society was the parent of the "Metro- (tolitan Tract Society" and many similar organiza- tions. In addition to his editorial labours, Andrews wrote: "The Catholic School Book" (1814); "The Historical Narrative of the Horrid Plot and Con- spiracy of Titus Oatcs" (1816); "The .Ashton Con- troversy", eighteen pamphlets (1822-23); "A Crit- ical and Historical Review of Fox's liook of Martyrs" (3 voLs., 1S24-26); an abridgment of "Plowden's History of Ireland"; "The Catholic's Vade Mecum"; "Popery Triumphant" (a satirical pamphlet); "The Two Systems"; and edited "The End of Religious Controversy", by Dr. .Milner (1818). Orlluiiloi Journal', Xpr A. 1K37; IIcBKNUETH. Life of Dr. Mil- ntr (Dublin, ISGUJ; Fla.naoan, Hittorjj of Die Church. Thomas Gwkney Taafke. Andria, ok, comprises three towns in the Province of Pari and one in the Province of Potenza, Archdiocese of Trani, Italy. Information !is to the Christian origin of Andria is impo.ssible to find. Tradition a.ssigns to it an Englishman. St. Richard, as bishop, chosen by Pope (jelasius 1, about 492. The Bishopric of Andria dates very probably from the time of Gelasius II, elected Pope in 1118. The name, however, of Richard is genuine, as a Richard of .Andria was present at the ICleventh (Ecumenical Council (Third Lateran, 1179) held under Pope .l(xander III. The first Bishop of Andria known to history is mentioned in the Translation of St. Nicholas Pilgrim, celebrated in Trani in 1143, but it does not give his name. In . dria, as in all the principal cities of Apulia, there are many artistic remains. Worthy of mention is the Castel del Monte near Andria. .Andria has 1.5 parishes, 2(X) secular priests, 6 regulars, 41 .seminarists, 53 churches or chapels. There are 101, 0(X) inhabitants. CAi-PEi.i.fnTi. Le chiene ditaliu (Venice, 1806), XXI. 77; CiAMS. Series episcoporum eccle»iir ealholicte (llatisbon. 1873), 848; O'Uiiso, .S/orifl delta ciU^ di . dria dalla sua orifrine gino al 1S41 (.Naples, 1842); Vkxtiiu, Sloria dclV arte Sazionale (Milan, 190.3); Bkhtaci. CitsUl del Monle el Us archilcctes franrais de Irmpereur Fridfrie II (Paris, 1897). JoH. J. a' Becket. Anemone. See Pl..ts i. the Bible. Anemurium, now Estenmure, a titular see of Cilicia, situated in antiquity on a high blufT knob that marks the southernmost nnt of .sia Minor, op- posite Cj-prus. The ruins of its theatres, tombs, and walls are still visible. S.MITII. Diet, of Greek and Roman Geogr., I, 136; Mas Lathik, Trisor de cArono;. (Paris, 1895), 1985; DcLADRIEB, Ui»t. arm. des croiaades, I. xix. xxiv. Anerio, Felice, an eminent Roman composer, b. c. 1560; d. c. 1630. From 1575 he was for four years a boy-soprano in the Papal Choir, studying under the celebrated master Nanini. His first appointment was as choirmaster of the l'>nglish College in Rome, and his next a similar one under Cardinal Aldobran- dini. In 1594 he succeeded Palest rina as composer to the Papal Choir, a post created specially for Palestrina, and which cciused with Anerio's death. Several of his compositions, e. g. an "Adoramus Te, Christe" and a "Stabat .Mater", for three choirs, pas.sed for a long time as Palestrina's work. Ane- rio's compositions (which are very numerous) are characterized by originality and fine artistic feeling. Many were printed during the period 1585-1622. We may mention " First Book of Hymns, Canticles and Motets for eight voices" fVenice, 1596), dedi- cated to Pope Clement VIII, which was followed later by a second volume, "Three Books of Spiritual Madrigals for Five Voices", "Two Books of Spirit- ual Concerts for Four Voices". But a large pro- portion of them exist only in manuscript, and are preserved in various Roman libraries, especially in that of the Roman College. KoRNMi I.I.BR. Lei. der kirchl. Tonkunst; Riemann, Diet. of Musir: CuovK. Diet, of Music and Musicians; Naumann, Geschiehle der Musik. J. A. VoLKER. Anerio, Oiovanni Franxesco, b. in Rome c. 1567; d. c. 1620. He spent four years as a chorister at St. Peter's, under Palestrina. He was in turn choir- master to Sigismund III of Poland, 1609, and at the cathedral of Verona, 1610; but he soon after went to Rome as musical instructor at the Scmi- nario Romano, and from 1613 to 16'20 was choir-