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CHANANI ScoTl. ParaphniKi.-: l's,ii,f,.ifiim l>,in,lis Porlica (Edin- burgh, 17S7), 161-(5:t, 11 version in iiin.iii n Suppliii' stiinziCs; Foctarum Scotorum Mus(r Sacra k I liiil ini'h. 17:i'J), 44 a ver- sion into thirty-nine elegiac coupUi-- M \ i ii i ^on. 'J'/h- I'salm- I'si and the Scientist (New York, IvH', .'.:; S'l. takes I's. I to represent "the Psalmist's view of sin"':is hciiiK " infranatural ", "a life of disorder existing in the midst of order". Tavloh, Davul. Kino of Israel (New York, 1S74), 272-73. argues for the sincerity of the Psalmist and includes the anecdote of Voltaire's attempt to parody the Miserere; Schdlte, Consecranda, Benc- dicenda (New York. 1907), two volumes giving in Knglish all the ceremonial mid rubrical details of many functions in which the Miserere is used; SlNcENBKnGKR, Guide to Catholic Church Music (8t. Francis, Wis., 1905), gives (202) author, voices, and grade of twenty-four settings for Burials of the Dead, and (200-

Misericorde, Congregation of the Sisters of, a congregation of women founded 16 January, 184S, for the purpose of procuring spiritual and corporal assistance for poor mothers and unfortunate girls. The foundress, Madame Rosalie Jette, in religion Mother Mary of the Nativity, declining to serve as superior, Sister St. Jane de (.'hantal held that office. The institution was approved by Pius IX, 7 June, ISO", aiul the constitutions, revised according to the latest rules of the Roman Congregations, received the approliation of Pius X, '21 March, 1905. The order is governed by a superior general, assisted by four coun- cillors, a secretary, and a bursar, who reside at the mother-house, Montreal, Canada. All branch houses are under the control of the general administration. Each house is governed by a local superior and two assistants forming her council; in each a bursar has charge of temporal matters, but is controlled by the council. There is only one novitiate, at Montreal, al- though the rules authorize more if necessary. Can- diilates are received from all parts of the world. The novitiate lasts a year, during which the novice is in- structed in the constitutions of the order and other matters of the religious life; a supplementary novice- ship of sLx months, in which to become familiar with the work of the order, is given before taking the vows, reneweil annually during a period of five years and then made perpetual. The sisters also conduct Mag- dalen asylums. In receiving patients no discrimina- tion is made in regard to religion, colour, or national- ity. After their convalescence, those who desire to remain in the home are placed under a special sister and are known as " Daughters of St. Margaret ". They follow a certain rule of life but contract no religious obligations. Shoukl they desire to remain in the con- vent, after a period of probation, they are allowetl to become Magdalens and eventually make the vows of the Magdalen order. The congregation celebrated its fiftieth anniversary 16 January, 1898.

At present the congregation numbers professed sisters, 189; novices, 23; candidates, 10. Branch houses have been established throughout Canada and the United States. The mother-house contains 60 sisters; with this is associated an Orphan Asylum with sisters, 7; infants, .525; also a hospital with 5 sisters and accommodations for 175 patients. At Sault-au-Recollet, P. Q., the sisters conduct a home for aged and retired priests and an Orphan Asylum with sLsters, 10; attendants, 15; priests, 5; orphans, 40. The hospital at Ottawa, founded in 1S79, was destroyed by fire in 1900. The new building, com- pleted in 1904, accommodates sisters, 10; nurses, 5; patients, 100. A house was established at Winni- peg, Man., in 1898, of which a branch was founded at St. Norbert, Man., in 1904. The two houses have sLsters, 19; trained nurses, 15; attendants, 25; average number of patients and children during the year, 700. In 1900 a house was opened at Edmonton, Alberta, with sisters, 12 ; trained nurses, 6 ; average number of patients during the year, 300. In the United States the sisters have a large hospital in New York City, containing sisters, 19, average number of pa- tients during the year, 496. From this, in 1901, was

established the Orphan Asylum and Kin<lergarten of St. Mary's of I he Angels, at Hartsdale with sisters, 10 ; attendants, 20; average number of children (hiring the year, 150. In (ireen Bay, Wis., a house was es- tablished in 1900 with sisters, 13; nurses, 15; average number of patients and children during the year, 450. In Oak Park, 111., a hospital was founded in 1905 with sisters, 15; patients, 712. The establishment at Mil- waukee contains accommodations for sisters, 9; pa- tients, 112. Sister St. Beatrice.

Misericordia. See Burial, sub-title Burial Con- fraternities.

Mishna. See Talmud.

Misocco and Calanca, Prefecture Apo.stolic of (Me.saucin.e et Calanc.e), in the canton of Grisons, Switzerland, comprises the valley of the Moesa, which starts at the pass of ,San Bernardino and flows into the Ticino, and also the valley of Calanca, through which the Calasanca flows. The population is 6027, of whom 6011 are Catholic (5945 Italians). For ad- minstrative purposes the prefecture is divided into two chapters, both of which are subject to an episcopal Vicar of the See of Chur. In the chapter of Misocco, which embraces the valley of Moesa, there are 8 par- ishes, 5 Capuchins and 4 secular priests. In the chap- ter of Calanca there are 1 1 parishes, with 5 Capuchins and 3 seculars. At Misocco (Mesocco in Italian) there is a canonry with a prior and six canons of whom three reside in Misocco and three in San Vittore. At Roveredo there is a Catholic Institute of St. Anna, under the Fathers of the "Piccola Casa della Providenza". The prefecture was established in 1635 at the suggestion of Bishop Joseph Mohr of Chur, at whose instance the Propaganda sent Capuchin missionaries to the Italian-speaking inhabi- tants of Grisons valleys of Misocco and Calanca. Capuchins from Milan were the first missionaries; from 1790-1802 Novara and then until 1850 Pavia Capuchins had charge; since then the mission has been administered by the Capuchins of Ticino. The vice -prefect, Father Hilarin Odclino, resides at Cama.

BiiCHi, Die katholische Kirche in der Schweiz (Munich, 1902); Daucourt, Les eveches suisses (Fribourg, 1901); Missiones CatholictB (Rome, 1907), 105; Geographisches LeMcon der Schweiz (Neuenburg, 1902-08). JoSEPH LiNS.

Missal (Latin Missale from Missa, Mass), the book ■which contains the prayers said by the priest at the altar as well as all that is officially read or sung in connexion with the offering of the holy Sacrifice of the Mass throughout the ecclesiastical year.

The Present Roman Missal, now almost uni- versally used in the Catholic Church wherever the Latin Rite prevails, consists essentially of two parts of . very unequal length. The smaller of these divisions containing that portion of the liturgy which is said in every Mass, the "Ordo Missaj" with the prefaces and the Canon, is placed, probably with a view to the more convenient opening of the book, near the centre of the volume immediately before the proper Mass for Easter Sunday. The remainder of the book is de- voted to those portions of the liturgy which vary from day to day according to feast and season. Each Mass consists usually of Introit, Collect, Epis- tle, Gradual and Alleluia or Tract, Gospel, Offertory, Secret, Communion, and Post-Communion, the pas- sages or prayers corresponding to each of these titles being commonly printed in full. The beginning of the volume to the Ordo Misss " is devoted to the Masses of the season {Proprium de Tempore) from Advent to the end of Lent, including the Christmas cycle. After the "Ordo Missa; " and Canon follow immediately the Masses of the season from Easter to the last Sun- day after Pentecost. Then come the proper Masses of the separate festivals (Proprium Sanctorum) for the ecclesiastical year; while these are often printed in full.