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MOLYNEUX


446


MOMBRITinS


" Dainicn Deveuster". The strong wooden coffin was' placi'il in an excavation, and imbedded in a solitl block of conerete. Since Father Daraien's time, two priests have usually been on duty at the settlement, one at Kalawao, the other at Kalaupapa. Father Painphile Ueveuster, Daniien's brother, was here in 1895-7; he returned to Belgium, and dieii there 29 July, 1909.

Government and the Lepers. — Pubhc senti- ment over the islands has always supported the Government in carrying out the law concerning lepers; official activity, although somewhat vary- ing, has on the whole made fair progress; at times political interests have not been entirely favourable. The first home at Kalawao, for orphan lioys and help- less men, was begun in 1886 under lather l);unii-n, with a few oUl caljins at first, two large buiklings l)eing added in 1887-8, all irregular and provisional. The Government, however, recognized it as a home 1 Janu- ary, 1889. Three Franciscan Sisters came to this Kalawao Home, 15 .May, 1890, ami the mother-superior visited it occasionally. In 1892— f the jireseiit lialil- win Home was constructed, and put into use in May and June, 1894. The sisters w'ere replaced 1 Decem- ber, 1895, by four Brothers of the Piepus Order. Up to the present time (1910) the home has had, including those still living, 976 inmates. The Board of Health has always einpIo\-ed an experienced physician and other officials for the settlement. For many years the Hawaiians had strange ideas about regular physi- cians. Very few would call for one, and this continued at the settlement up to about 1902. They would, however, always take medicine from the brothers or sisters, and have had a friendly feeling for the Japan- ese treatment. It has been put in use, dropped, and re^vetl many times. The elder Dr. Goto introtluced it at Kakaako in 1886. Good order and favoural)le con- ditions in general were specially noteworthy from 189.3. A glance over the records of the next ten years shows continued improvements in the w'ater supply, enlarging of medical service, etc. Total expenses for segregation, support, and treatment of lepers for six years, ending 31 December, 1903, were $876,888.86. In 1906 the l>uildings owned by the Government num- bered 298; those owned by private parties numbered 150. In 1908 the lepers at Molokai numbered 791: of these, 693 were Hawaiians, 42 Chinese, 26 Portuguese, 6 Americans, 5 Japanese, 6 Germans, 2 South Sea Islanders, 1 Dane, 1 French Canadian, 1 Swede, 2 Porto Ricans, 1 Filipino, 1 Tahitian, 1 Russian, 1 Corean, 1 British Negro, 1 Hollander. In 1866 the total number of lepers at the settlement on 31 December was 1 15; it kept increasing until in 1890 the numbe-r reached 1213. Since then there has been a decrease until, 31 December, 1908, the number was 771. In 1908 the plan adopted in the earliest days (1865-69), of attempting to cure new cases, or any that seemed promising, before being sent to Molokai, has Ix'cn revived. The renewal should be more effect- ive than in the early time because of the great advances science lias made in the past forty j'cars. This new work is now carried on at Kalihi as it was over forty years ago, but in better buildings and under far greater advan- tages. The general outfit at the Molokai Settlement is aI>out complete: establishments for the medical de- partment, hospital, dispensary, nursery, etc. There are bath houses and drug departments at the homes, and special houses for the sick. At Kalaupapa there are the poi factorj-, the shops, and warehouses, and the residences of the officials pleasantly located and well supplied with conveniences. A large building is unfler construction for white lepers, the funils being furnished by generous friends throughout the islands. There are two Catholic churches, and several of other denominations. At Kalawao the most prominent features are Baldw^in Home and the U. S. Leprosarium. This leprosarium is probably the greatest mstitution


of its kind in the world. The appropriation by Con- gress was generous. The buildings are extensive, and supplietl with a very elaborate outfit of the best qual- itj- and latest invention, and everything in fact that present-day science can provide. Another new addi- tion recently added by the U. S. Government is a fine lighthouse, a pyramidal concrete structure, the light of which is visilile for about twenty-four miles.

QUINI.AN, D<li'"" "' i;. '.:'-..> \.« ^..ll, r'll'.l); LlNDGREN,

The Water Reso„<, w, 1 1: ■ i:ia nllice. Wash.,

D. C, I'JO.'i); Mm-, // I, ,:/, ll,.,„,lulu, 1903);

Dl'TTuN. A./r///.,"' ^' \->', ^"Il. :iti(l London,

I'.li'l l;.iM,//' . ." 1 .',.. I l.drhlnn. ri(ll); AllXANKEn,

.1 /. // ■ ,.".//..■,■«;■,,.,./, iNr« ^..rk, lMll-1899);

I'm: V /; ; ; I ',,-,.;( I 1. himIuIu, llllll',- 1 1 1 1 ; I IllTHCOCK,

// / I '(.,,.,. (HmhcIuIu, I'.UIll; lii,A<KM.\N. r/ie

.1/ ,'/ ["ii^iuii, lUOO); 8enn, Amu}„l the World

i / I "I'l); C.VRTER, Report to Sarelnry of In-

h II ! : ,, I "I , Fkear, fleportioSfc. o//n(. (Honolulu,

I'.iii'ii; mii ,.,; /;,,„.,/, nj the Hawaiian Board of Health {Hono- lulu, isfi(5, 1S6S, 1S94, 1902-1909); Boeynaems, art. Damien in The Uatholic Encyclopedia.

Joseph Dutton.

Molyneux, Sir Caryll, Baronet of Sefton, and third \iseount Molyneux of Maryborough in Ireland, b. 1(124 ; (1. 1()99. He joined the Royalist army at the outbreak of the civil war, and served with his brother, the second viscount, in the Lancashire Regiment, which was mostly Catholic, through almost all the fighting from Manchester (1642) to Worcester (1651). After succeeding to the title he, as a well-known Catholic cavalier, experienced very harsh treatment from the victors; and the family estates suffered se- verely. It was not until the reign of James II that his fortunes improved. He was then made Lord Lieu- tenant of Lancashire, and was one of the few who fought with any success on James's side against the Prince of Orange, for he seized and held the town of Chester, until all further resistance was in vain. Some years later he was arrested on a fictitious charge of treason, called "The Lancashire plot", was im- prisoned in the Tower with other Catholics, but upon trial was victoriously acquitted (1694).

Many other members of this notable and conspicu- ously Catholic family deserve mention. John Moly- neux, of Mclling, was a constant confessor for the Faith under Queen Elizabeth, and his son and grand- son both died in arms fif^hting for King Charles at Newbury. Father Tlujmas Molyneux, S.J., probably of Alt Grange, Ince BlundcU, was a confes.sor of the Faith at the time of Oates's Plot, meeting death from ill-treatment in Morpeth gaol, 12 January, 1681. The family is of itself exceedingly interesting. It came from Moulineaux in Seine Inferieure about the time of the Conquest, and can be shown to have held the manor of Sefton without interruption from about 1100 to the present day, while other branches of the family (of which those of Haughton in Nottinghamshire and Castle Dillon in Ireland are the mo.st conspicuous) have spread all over the world. The main stem re- mained staunch through the worst times. William, seventh viscount, was a Jesuit, and there were in his time not less than seven Molyneux in the Society of Jesus alone. Arms : azure, a cross moline, or.

Victoria County Histories, Lancashire, III (London, 1907), 67- 73; Foley, Records S.J., VII (London, 1882), ol3-51fi; Catholic Record Society, V (London, 1909), 109, 131, 218, etc.; Phillipps. The family of Sir Thomas Molyneux (Middlehill, 1820) ; Molinedx, Memoir of the Molineux Family (London. 1882).

J. H. Pollen.

Mombritius, Bonino, philologist, humanist, and editor of ancient writings, b. 1424; d. between 1482 and 1502. He was descended from a noble but not very wealthy family of Milan, and studied the Latin and Greek chossics "at Ferrara, with zeal and success. Later he became a teacher of Latin at Milan, and was highly esteemed, not only for his extensive knowledge and liis literary works, but also for his earnest religious life, ;is may be gleaned from the letters of his contem- poraries. He suffered many misfortunes, which, how-